An API, or Application Programming Interface, is a set of rules and protocols that allows different software applications to communicate with each other. It serves as a bridge that enables applications to access specific features or services provided by another application or platform without needing to understand the underlying code. APIs define the methods, data formats, and protocols that applications should use to interact with each other. They provide a standardized interface, allowing developers to integrate different software components or services seamlessly. APIs can be used to retrieve data, send instructions, or perform specific actions within an application. APIs come in various forms, including web APIs, which use HTTP to enable communication over the internet. Web APIs allow developers to access and manipulate data from remote servers, often in the form of JSON or XML. Other types of APIs include libraries or frameworks that provide pre-built functions or modules for specific programming languages. APIs have become an essential part of modern software development, enabling developers to leverage existing functionalities and services, and build upon them to create new applications or integrate with other systems. They promote interoperability, efficiency, and collaboration among different applications, allowing developers to focus on their specific tasks without reinventing the wheel.
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