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Perfectionism and motivation in sport: The mediating role of mental toughness.

Perfectionism and motivation in sport: The mediating role of mental toughness.

Authors:
Cowden, Richard G.

1,2,3

richardgregorycowden@gmail.com
Crust, Lee

4


Jackman, Patricia C.

4


Duckett, Timothy R.

5

Source:
South African Journal of Science. Jan/Feb2019, Vol. 115 Issue 1/2, p57-63. 7p.
Document Type:
Article
Subject Terms:
*PERFECTIONISM (Personality trait)
*MOTIVATION (Psychology)
*CONSCIENTIOUSNESS
*PERSONALITY
*MENTAL health
Author-Supplied Keywords:
athlete
competitive
performance
sport
tennis
NAICS/Industry Codes:
621330 Offices of Mental Health Practitioners (except Physicians)
Abstract:
An extensive body of research has been done on the links between perfectionism and motivation, yet the underlying mechanisms linking these psychological characteristics have been underexplored. In this study, we used an integrative modelling approach to examine associations between dimensions of perfectionism (i.e. personal standards [PSP] and concerns over mistakes [CMP]), mental toughness (MT) and motivational orientations (i.e. self-determined motivation [SDM] and non-self-determined motivation [NSDM]). Based on a sample of 318 male (n=218) and female (n=100) tennis players (Mage=17.61, SDage=2.41), fit indices derived from structural equation modelling supported a partially mediated model. Residual PSP associated positively with MT (β=0.74) and SDM (β=0.40), and negatively with NSDM (β=-0.22). Conversely, residual CMP associated negatively with MT (β=-0.14) and SDM (β=-0.19), and positively with NSDM (β=0.73). Mental toughness was positively associated with SDM (β=0.28), but was unrelated to NSDM (β=0.07). The relationship between residual PSP and SDM was partially mediated by MT (standardised indirect effect: 95% CI=0.19, 0.46). The findings of this study support research linking dimensions of perfectionism with motivational orientations and offer preliminary evidence on the mediating role of MT in the association between these psychological constructs. With emerging research supporting the capacity to develop MT through targeted interventions, the findings are discussed alongside salient implications. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Copyright of South African Journal of Science is the property of Academy of Science of South Africa and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
Author Affiliations:

1

Department of Behavioural Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

2

Department of Psychology, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

3

Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

4

School of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, United Kingdom

5

Department of Educational Foundations and Leadership, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA
ISSN:
0038-2353
DOI:
10.17159/sajs.2019/5271
Accession Number:
134457020

DMU Timestamp: March 29, 2019 18:11





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