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esta muy resaltantetu informacion
mas o menos tu informacion
buen trabajo se merece un like
The lexile level for a sixth grader is 925L to 1070L. To make this text appropriate for readers in this level, we will simplify the text so that all of the language used in the output is in the lexile range that has been chosen for the reader.
One morning, Gregor Samsa awoke to find himself transformed into a creepy creature. He was lying on his back, with a big brown stomach divided into sections like a lobster shell. The bedspread wasn’t enough to cover him and it kept falling off. His small legs were useless as he looked around.
The keywords in the original text that are not in the revised version are “troubled dreams”, “armour-like”, and “pitifully thin”.
Troubled dreams: having a disturbing dream.
Armour-like: resembling protective body covering such as medieval armor.
Pitifully thin: extremely thin in an undesired and sad way.
Now you have a simplified version of the text that is in your lexile range, and a list of keywords and definitions. Try to re-read the original text and see if you can better understand it now.
We have just read a short piece about Gregor Samsa’s transformation into a horrible vermin. He wakes one morning and finds himself physically transformed into something he could never have anticipated. We can see the physical description of a bedding that can hardly cover his body and his many “pitifully thin” legs that wave about helplessly. This passage leaves us with the mystery of how this transformation occurred and why. We can ponder the strange reality of what has happened to Gregor and wonder what will unfold as the story progresses.
1. What is the the significance of Gregor being transformed into a vermin?
Quote from the text: “He found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin…pitifully thin compared with the size of the rest of him, waved about helplessly as he looked.”
The keyword here is “vermin”, which refers to an animal that is considered unpleasant or despised, and often, is a contaminant or carrier of disease. By being transformed into a vermin, Gregor’s unfortunate circumstances, as well as the implications, are laid bare.
2. What does the state of the bedding foreshadow?
Quote from the text: “The bedding was hardly able to cover it and seemed ready to slide off any moment.”
The keyword here is “hardly”, which means that the bedding was barely able to cover Gregor’s transformation. This implies that the vermin form he assumed is simply too vast and overwhelming to be covered, suggesting that he cannot hide from his changed circumstances.
3. What is the tone of the passage?
Quote from the text: “His many legs, pitifully thin compared with the size of the rest of him, waved about helplessly as he looked.”
The keyword here is “pitifully”, which implies a sense of pity and hopelessness, giving the text a gloomy and sorrowful tone.
To figure out the answers to my questions, go back to the paragraph and re-read it closely. Pay attention to the words you’ve identified and explore their implications and meaning in order to answer the questions. Paraphrase your quotes and explain why they help you to answer the questions.
This is one of the most significant plot points in the text as it sets up the beginning of the story and introduces the main character and his transformation. We can see this in the quote, “One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin” (1). After this point, Gregor begins to explore what has happened to him and how he must manage living life as a bug while still trying to care for his family. Therefore, the next plot point may be centered around Gregor’s struggles to find a way to cope and balance his new life without completely disregarding the responsibilities he has to his family. For example, he may have to try to find alternative ways to be productive during the day.
What do you think might happen next in this story and why?
In this paragraph, Gregor Samsa wakes up to find himself turned into a “horrible vermin”, which has an “armour-like back” and many “pitifully thin” legs. He is so large that his bedding is unable to cover him and appears ready to slide off. This transformation brings him much confusion and distress. Now reread the text with this summary in mind. Consider the implications of the central idea and the feelings it evokes. Is there anything you would add to this summary? Please let me know what you are thinking about the text in your reply.
Why we do this: Extracting keywords is an invaluable skill to help readers gain a better understanding of what they are reading. By picking out and defining the most important concepts in a piece of writing, a reader can gain deeper insight into its themes, ideas, and meanings.
Transformation: an instance of a person or thing being altered so that they are no longer recognizable.
Armour-like: resembling protective covering, such as armour, that is hard and strong.
Dominated: to have greater power or influence on.
Legs: each of the parts of the body below the waist and above the feet that you use to stand and move.
Your Turn: Now reread the text and let me know what you are thinking about the text, using the keywords in your reply. Can you tell me what transformation and armour-like description might be referring to? How does the feeling of being dominated affect Gregor? And how do his legs help you to understand the situation further?
The key sentences in this passage are:
1. “One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin.”
2. “He lay on his armour-like back, and if he lifted his head a little he could see his brown belly, slightly domed and divided by arches into stiff sections.”
3. “The bedding was hardly able to cover it and seemed ready to slide off any moment.”
4. “His many legs, pitifully thin compared with the size of the rest of him, waved about helplessly as he looked.”
The first sentence establishes the scene and introduces the main character, Gregor Samsa. It also implies that his transformation was sudden and unexpected, recounting how he woke from troubled dreams to find himself in such a situation.
The second sentence emphasizes the bizarre nature of Gregor’s transformation – specifically, the fact that his armour-like back is now exposed, and he can see his belly just below it. This gives a clear visual image of the transformation that has taken place.
The third sentence further highlights the strange nature of his transformation, suggesting that the bedding is having difficulty holding its shape around him.
Finally, the fourth sentence emphasizes the helplessness of Gregor’s situation by describing his thin, feeble legs.
The background information needed to understand this text is that Gregor Samsa is the protagonist of Franz Kafka’s novella ‘The Metamorphosis’ and that the text is describing the aftermath of his sudden and unexpected transformation into a “horrible vermin”.
Now that you have gained some background knowledge of this text, re-read the passage again and think deeply about what else you can extract from it. How has Gregor’s transformation changed him? Why is his transformation so strange and unsettling? What feelings might Gregor be experiencing in this passage?
This text is written with a lexile level of 1080L-1215L, making it too difficult for a sixth grader. To better suit the readers level, we will try to simplify the text to a lexile level of 925L-1070L.
A tornado is an unpredictable weather event. It is made of dust, debris and other tiny particles, and its properties and behaviors depend on what makes it up. We can learn a lot about tornadoes without knowing particle physics. The same goes for more complex and longer-lasting things like animals and plants, and economic and ecological systems. All of these things depend on what they’re made of, and still belong to their own categories, where they have their own properties and behaviors, and follow their own rules.
The keywords from the original text that are not in the simplified version are “micro-entities”, “configuration”, “autonomous”, “special science”, and “emergence”.
Micro-entities: very small entities
Configuration: an arrangement of interrelated parts
Autonomous: having independence; self-governing
Special Science: the study of a particular subject
Emergence: A process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities.
Now that you have read this simpler version of the text, perhaps you can look back at the original text and try to understand it better.
In this text, we are looking at how some entities can depend on their components, yet still belong to distinctive taxonomies and have autonomous properties and behaviors. The author uses the example of a tornado to illustrate this concept – even though it relies on dust and debris to exist, we can still have a good understanding of tornadoes without knowing anything about particle physics. The idea then generalizes to more complex entities like plants, animals, economies, and ecologies, and their governing laws reflect this concept. All of these things depend on their components, yet are distinct in their features and behavior.
Plot Point 1: The tornado’s existence relies upon dust and debris, which are made up of micro-entities.
Quote: “At any moment, a tornado depends for its existence on dust and debris, and ultimately on whatever micro-entities compose it; and its properties and behaviors likewise depend, one way or another, on the properties and interacting behaviors of its fundamental components.”
Plot Point 2: The tornado exhibits autonomous properties and behaviors.
Quote: “Yet the tornado’s identity does not depend on any specific composing micro-entity or configuration, and its features and behaviors appear to differ in kind from those of its most basic constituents, as is reflected in the fact that one can have a rather good understanding of how tornadoes work while being entirely ignorant of particle physics.”
Plot Point 3: The point generalizes to many other entities.
Quote: “The point generalizes to more complex and longer-lived entities, including plants and animals, economies and ecologies, and myriad other individuals and systems studied in the special sciences: such entities appear to depend in various important respects on their components, while nonetheless belonging to distinctive taxonomies and exhibiting autonomous properties and behaviors, as reflected in their governing special science laws.”
Speculating on what may happen next, we might expect the author to discuss how these entities interact with one another in their respective environments and how they affect the behavior of other composite entities. What do you think the author might say about these interrelationships and how they might shape the autonomy of the composites?
This text is about the idea of emergence: when a collection of small components comes together to form something larger and more complex. Consider, for examples, a tornado – its existence is dependent on the micro-entities that compose it, yet its features are distinct from the small components. The same concept applies to plants and animals, economies and ecologies, and countless other individuals and systems studied in the sciences. Although these entities depend on their components, they still belong to a unique classification, and exhibit their own properties and behaviors that are explained by their governing laws.
Now reread the text with this summary in mind. Is there anything you would add to this summary? Please let me know what you are thinking about the text in your reply. Can you help me to understand this?
Why we do this
Extracting keywords can help us read with more understanding because it clarifies the main ideas and differences between objects, their components, and their behavior. The keywords and definitions in this particular passage could include:
Tornado: A rapidly rotating column of air, typically originating from a cumulonimbus cloud, and reaching from the bottom of the cloud to the ground.
Autonomous: Able to exist or act independently.
Taxonomies: A system of classification of things in a particular field according to their shared characteristics.
Emergence: The process by which new properties or qualities appear as the components of a system interact.
Now reread the text and let me know what you are thinking about the text, using the keywords in your reply.
After rereading the text, it seems that the passage is expressing how autonomous entities/objects, like tornadoes, possess properties and behaviors that differ from the components that compose them. This concept of emergence is further explored in the context of taxonomies and scientific laws.
1. “Yet the tornado’s identity does not depend on any specific composing micro-entity or configuration, and its features and behaviors appear to differ in kind from those of its most basic constituents.” – This sentence is important because it highlights the complexity and dynamism of complex entities and systems, and how the elements that compose them are not necessarily the same as the elements that make them up.
2. “Such entities appear to depend in various important respects on their components, while nonetheless belonging to distinctive taxonomies and exhibiting autonomous properties and behaviors, as reflected in their governing special science laws.” – This sentence is important because it showcases how the properties and behaviors of complex systems can be both intrinsically unique and distinct from their components, exhibiting an overall autonomy separate from the particular ingredients that compose it.
3. “But artifacts are set aside in this entry, as these raise distinctive issues that are discussed in the entry on material constitution.” – This sentence is important because it draws attention to the unique nature of artifacts in contrast with most natural composites, which are the focus of this paragraph.
The background knowledge that is important for this paragraph is an understanding of what constitutes a complex entity or system and how its properties and behaviors are distinct from its components. Knowledge of taxomics and governing special science laws are also helpful for an understanding of this paragraph, and the concept of artifacts as a type of composite distinct from most natural composites.
I invite you to take a moment to re-read this paragraph, noting any further insights that might be offered by further consideration of the overall argument presented here. You may find it rewarding to read further into the linked entry on material constitution to see how material composition may influence the properties and behaviors of a composite system.
The first sentence is important because it sets the scene for the rest of the passage, depicting a person or something traveling to the reader. The second sentence continues to build this image, noting the incredible speed of the traveler. The third sentence describes the obstacles the traveler must contend with, indicating a degree of difficulty. Finally, the fourth sentence poses a question, hinting at the mystery and uncertainty of the passage.
The background information for this text is that the traveler is coming from an unknown origin with a specific goal – to find the reader and give them something. It implies a journey of discovery and self-reflection, a journey which is often necessary to feel connected to oneself and to the world.
By diving deeper into this text, you will have the opportunity to explore themes such as self-discovery, courage, and perseverance. As you re-read this text, think about how these themes might be related, and consider any other insights the text might trigger.
Why we do this: The idea of extracting keywords from a text can help unlock its deeper meaning and provide greater understanding. Keywords like “traveling,” “speed,” “narrow passes,” “recognize,” and “give” can all inform our interpretation of this text.
Keyword: Traveling – Moving from one place to another.
Keyword: Speed – The rate of movement or progress.
Keyword: Narrow Passes – A path in a mountain or other rugged land that is only wide enough for one person.
Keyword: Recognize – To know or remember something or someone.
Keyword: Give – To present voluntarily and without expecting compensation.
Your Turn: Reread the text and try to think more deeply about what the poem is saying about the idea of travelling and connecting with someone. What kind of recognition does the speaker hope for? What might he be trying to give? How might this relate to your life experiences?
This stanza is about a person who is frantically traveling to find another. The journey is long and difficult, and the speaker ponders if the traveler will know who to look for and be able to recognize them when they arrive. The unknown traveler has something to give, but it is unclear what it is. Now reread the text with this summary in mind. Is there anything you would add to this summary? Please let me know what you are thinking about the text in your reply.
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