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Banning mobile phones in schools: beneficial or risky? Here’s what the evidence says

Author: Neil Selwyn

Selwyn, Neil. “Banning Mobile Phones in Schools: Beneficial or Risky? Here's What the Evidence Says.” The Conversation, 6 Nov. 2019, theconversation.com/banning-mobile-phones-in-schools-beneficial-or-risky-heres-what-the-evidence-says-119456.

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Victorian education minister James Merlino’s announcement mobile phones will be banned for all students at state primary and secondary schools is certainly a bold move.

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Jan 15
Janet Ilko (Jan 15 2020 6:44PM) : We are going to be reading excerpts from How to Break Up With Your Phone by Carol Price this next semester, I can't wait for my students to weigh in on this document.
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The policy has been justified as a direct response to mounting levels of cyberbullying, concerns over distractions and schools struggling with discipline relating to students’ misuse of phones.

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Jan 25
Kerri Brown Parker (Jan 25 2020 11:27AM) : Bullying will not be stopped by banning device use during the school day more

If the cyberbullying will continue outside of the school day, I’m not sure removing it from the school when professionals have a chance to intervene and counsel will be successful in curbing any of the behavior. It may curb it (to get back to old-fashioned bullying) from the school day itself but won’t help stop the overall behavior/problem.

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Mar 6
2020 Emma Wills (Mar 06 2020 1:30PM) : Could there be other factors that play into increased levels or cyberbullying and struggling students?
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Students will have to switch off their phones and store them in lockers from the start of the school day until the final bell. In case of an emergency, parents or guardians can reach their child by calling the school.

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2020 Hannah Gose (Mar 08 2020 11:22PM) : Concern more

This concerns me because I would be worried about getting my phone stolen, and missing important messages from my families. If an emergency occurred during the school day like a shooting, no one would be able to quickly get out information to a large group

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Mar 6
2020 Emma Wills (Mar 06 2020 1:36PM) : Would limiting communication to emergency contacts take a toll on the students' ability to keep up in an increasingly fast world? Text chains discussing after school carpool arrangements can make for more efficient and less stressful drives.

The minister said in a statement:

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The only exceptions to the ban will be where students use phones to monitor health conditions, or where teachers instruct students to bring their phone for a particular classroom activity.

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Mar 6
Mr Gedeon Baende (Mar 06 2020 1:50PM) : I love this approach because it is creating a controlled environment. This still allows phones, which is great but also has limitations.
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Whether to allow student use of mobile phones in school is certainly a hot topic in education. The Victorian announcement follows a French government ban on mobiles in school in 2018. Debates on the issue are also taking place in Denmark, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

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Jan 15
Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 10:39AM) : Australia, France, Denmark, Sweden, and the UK are all debating whether cell phones in schools should be banned.
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There is considerable public support for banning mobiles. In our recently conducted survey of more than 2,000 Australian adults, nearly 80% supported a ban on mobile phones in classrooms. Just under one-third supported an outright ban from schools altogether.

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2020 Natalie Risse (Mar 06 2020 1:33PM) : The problem with adults seeming to be for it is that they are not the ones in school. Yes, they have the right to have an opinion of their childs education. But... they did give the child the phone and they could take it away for school if it was more

important to them.

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Mar 6
2020 Isabella DiNardo (Mar 06 2020 1:36PM) : I feel that banning phones entirely is problematic, as phones can be beneficial in classrooms at times. I believe schools should have designated times to use phones, but I don't believe they should be taken away from the students.
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Jan 15
Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 10:41AM) : adults seem to be for it more

80% of adults support a ban on mobile phones in the classroom. I’ve also heard that people who work in Silicon Valley and tech execs like Steve Jobs send their kids to schools that don’t use mobiles. I’m wondering if that’s an urban legend.

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Support for a classroom ban was remarkably consistent across different demographics, including political affiliation and age group.

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Mar 6
Megan McCoy (Mar 06 2020 4:10PM) : bans more

Everyone wants to ban cell phones, and sees the positives in doing so, but when it comes down to it people are unable to actually do so.

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But while banning phones from classrooms, and from school altogether, might seem sensible, there are number of reasons to be cautious. It’s clear we need to carefully consider how we want to make use of digital devices being brought into schools. But previous experience, such as in New York, suggests a blanket ban might introduce even more problems.

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Mar 9
Viviana Garcia (Mar 09 2020 1:03PM) : Students will not learn how to moderate their own screen time outside of school.
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Mar 8
Samuel Maxwell (Mar 08 2020 7:18PM) : Any decision that a school makes on the issue will have a positive and a negative, but an overall ban would most likely give more negatives.

And the little research evidence that addresses the issue is mixed.

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What’s the evidence?

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Jan 15
Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 10:44AM) : cyberbullying, distractions have been found to be related to cell phones in schools. Although no causation has been found.
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Jan 15
Janet Ilko (Jan 15 2020 6:45PM) : There are days I would love to ban cell phones in class for sure, but then I remember that they are a tool used in real life, and if we can support smart usage, then that is a win for everyone.
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Mar 6
Dominic Malouf (Mar 06 2020 4:31PM) : I agree because if phones are banned when kids are in school, when they graduate and enter the real world they will not know how to use phones responsibly. A better approach would be to encourage smart use while they are still being supervised in school
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Reports of cyberbullying have clearly gone up among school-aged children and young people over the past ten years, but the nature and precedents of cyberbullying are complex.

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Mar 6
Supreme Leader Michael Stokes (Mar 06 2020 1:47PM) : This is important to remember. Cell phones aren't only a distraction, but also a vehicle to increase bullying and harassment. This needs to be taken into consideration more often on a larger scale by American schools.
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Mar 6
2020 Amani Badran (Mar 06 2020 1:47PM) : I agree cyberbullying has gone up. especially with younger age groups.
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Mar 6
2020 Jonathan Barnhart (Mar 06 2020 4:25PM) : Cyberbullying more

While phones are distractions they also lead to other problems. New forms of bullying came out of technology and people can get really hurt because it is so easy to hurt someone else feelings. You don’t have to think about it or say it to their face. It has become a big problem.

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Mar 6
Ellie Han (Mar 06 2020 4:41PM) : There are negative consequences of cell phones being used at school because students are still adolescents that do not carefully consider the consequences of their actions.
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Mar 8
Tiffany Bresnan (Mar 08 2020 7:45PM) : Cyberbulling more

Cyberbulling isn’t going to stop occurring if phones are taken away at school. It mainly occurs after school and over weekends, so removing them during school won’t change or help anything. Also removing phones will take away a kid’s chance to show an adult what’s happening.

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Mar 9
2020 Alicia Bernardo (Mar 09 2020 1:38PM) : Cyberbullying generally does not occur during the school day, so restricting phones during school would not make a difference.
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Research suggests there is a large overlap between cyberbullying and traditional forms of bullying, which wouldn’t then follow that digital devices are somehow causing these behaviours.

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Cyberbullying also often takes place outside school hours and premises. There is a danger banning phones from classrooms might distract education staff from having to continue with efforts to address the more immediate causes of cyberbullying.

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2020 Kaitlyn Taylor (Mar 06 2020 4:35PM) : This is important to note because it seems like the majority of cyberbullying occurs outside of school because the bullies feel safer and more confident to do the bullying.
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2020 Alexander Nuntapreda (Mar 05 2020 10:34PM) : How much cyber bullying happens on school premises? Additionally the flaw in confiscating phones to avoid cyber bullying is that phones will still retain negative messages and the student will then see them later.
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Mar 6
2020 Emma Wills (Mar 06 2020 1:39PM) : Why are schools getting involved in after school activities? Does the cyberbullying negatively impact a student's academic performance?
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Read more: Teenagers need our support, not criticism, as they navigate life online

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There is also a growing literature exploring the links between digital devices and classroom distractions. The presence of phones in the classroom is certainly found to be a source of multi-tasking among students of all ages – some of which can be educationally relevant and much of which might not.

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2020 Emmy Darling (Mar 06 2020 1:46PM) : Many who use their phones in school, sometimes even myself, tell themselves that they are being productive on their phones and that that time is useful but we all know it is really a mindless distraction.

But the impact of these off-task behaviours on student learning outcomes is difficult to determine. A review of 132 academic studies concluded, it is

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Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 10:44AM) : Does the increase use of cell phones affect learning? No one has answered that definitively yet
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difficult to determine directions and mechanisms of the causal relations between mobile phone multitasking and academic performance.

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Janet Ilko (Jan 15 2020 6:51PM) : Research shows that multi-tasking is not as productive or rewarding as previously thought. more

I think there is some research out there now stating that multi-tasking really isn’t productive. We just have created a society that demands it, but in reality quality of the work done and the satisfaction of completing the task is lower. I have to look up where I read it and get back to you.

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There is also a strong sense from classroom research that issues of distraction apply equally to laptops, iPads and other digital devices.

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2020 Kaitlyn Taylor (Mar 06 2020 4:37PM) : Other technology more

Other technology provides us the same opportunities that our cell phones do, so getting rid of the phones may not help a lot. Laptops, for example, could become more of an addiction if they’re what we are using more than our phones. There could be danger of a new addiction.

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2020 Ella Kittrell (Mar 08 2020 4:19PM) : Lots of schools use laptops. If schools want to ban laptops and not phones, then the laptops will become the addictive device. The answer is not banning phones, because there are other electronic devices schools use that can become equally addictive
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All told, the sense from academic literature is that the realities of smartphone use in classrooms are complex and decidedly messy. Our own research into how smartphones are being used in Victorian classrooms highlighted the difficulties teachers face in policing student use (what some teachers described as requiring “five minutes of firefighting” at the beginning of every lesson).

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2020 Abraham Gaucin (Mar 09 2020 12:07AM) : There is little research about smartphone use in classrooms.
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Despite this, we also found instances of students using smartphones for a range of beneficial purposes – from impromptu information seeking to live-streaming lessons for sick classmates.

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Jan 15
Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 10:50AM) : positive uses of cell phones in schools. more

on-demand searches for information and live streaming lessons to sick classmates. There are lots more positives that aren’t mentioned in the article that Judge students have told me: looking up and submitting an assignment on a course website, translating in foreign language classes, etc.

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Jan 15
Janet Ilko (Jan 15 2020 6:46PM) : Some of my students submit work by phone, for short writings it works. They also research right there in the palm of their hand on some assignments.
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Mar 6
2020 Jayme Mintz (Mar 06 2020 1:39PM) : Beneficial Applications more

It sounds as though a large component of this is how the cell phones are used. For a vast majority of people, cell phones are an inextricable part of daily life and finding productive applications for them seems much more feasible than trying to get rid of them.

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Mar 6
2020 Abbey Storms (Mar 06 2020 4:43PM) : Cellphones that are used in moderation during school can be useful tools for kids and teachers.
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Mar 7
Kathryn Vargas (Mar 07 2020 11:25PM) : if the problem is phones, banning them will not get rid of the issue, as the majority of people have accounts synced across devices like ipads and laptops, largely with the same access to social media and other apps as cellphones do.
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Read more: Schools are asking students to bring digital devices to class, but are they actually being used?

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These benefits are also reflected in classroom studies elsewhere in the world. Research from Stanford University has demonstrated, for instance, that with proper support and preparation, teachers in even the most challenging schools can “build on the ways students already use technology outside of school to help them learn in the classroom”.

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Amaia Horyna (Mar 06 2020 1:29PM) : Building on outside use more

I think it would be more beneficial for both teachers and students to teach students how to develop a healthy, productive relationship with their devices. The root of the problem is that kids have unhealthy relationships with their devices and use them improperly, so why not address that instead of banning them altogether?

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2020 Emma Wills (Mar 06 2020 1:42PM) : Personally, I use resources online to further my understanding of concepts learned in school.
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Mar 6
2020 Samuel Huntsman (Mar 06 2020 4:31PM) : This is what I agree with. Phones aren't going anywhere for future generations, we should not try to distance them from them only for them to not be able to put their phones down outside of school, rather teach a fair way to use them.

There is now a whole academic field known as “m-Learning” where researchers have explored the pedagogical and learning advantages of using mobile devices (including phones) in lessons.

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Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 10:57AM) : m-Learning more

Hadn’t heard of that term before. But all the examples seem to be in places that don’t have a lot of resources and connectivity, generally in developing countries. That seems different that the U.S. and European debate. That’s not to say all U.S. communities have adequate resources and connectivity.

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But what about a blanket ban from school altogether? Experience from elsewhere suggests enforcing a mobile ban in schools may not be as easy as it sounds.

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What we can learn from others

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The New South Wales government announced a review into the benefits and risks of mobile phone use in schools in June 2018, led by child psychologist Michael Carr-Gregg. At the review’s completion, the government said it would only ban mobile phones from the state’s primary schools, leaving secondary schools free to make their own choice.

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Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 10:58AM) : a lot of the other bans are talking about elementary schools and not high schools.

It noted

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We recognise that technology plays an important and increasing role as students progress through their education […] We want to give secondary schools the flexibility to balance the benefits and risks of technology in the way that best supports their students.

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2020 Emma Wills (Mar 06 2020 1:44PM) : Balancing one's phone use and time management is a life long skill that high schools should learn early.
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Perhaps the most pertinent example is the ban enforced in New York City from 2006, that was eventually lifted in 2015.

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Jan 15
Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 11:00AM) : Is a ban that ended in 2015 still relevant to the debate that's happening now?
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Janet Ilko (Jan 15 2020 6:48PM) : I wonder what caused them to get rid of the ban?
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The reasons given for this reversal highlighted several of the concerns the new ban in Victoria will likely face. They include practical difficulties of enforcing a ban in the classroom being exacerbated by banning of phone use during break times and lunchtimes.

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2020 Tomas Young (Mar 06 2020 1:44PM) : I understand the fact that schools can ban the use of cell phones. more

However, the addictive state these kids are in can put stress and anxiety on them. If there is a ban, ban them from the classroom during work periods. Allow for use in their own time like lunch or breaks to replenish their addiction. It is hard to keep the same ban over such a large area. It is very hard to stay consistent as a school system. Phones still need to be used for safety and communication, but limiting them in the classroom may lead to educational positives.

First, it was clear the New York ban was being inconsistently enforced by schools – with better resourced schools in more affluent areas more likely to bend the rules and permit student use. In contrast, schools in lower-income areas with metal detectors were more likely to be rigidly enforcing the ban.

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2020 Emily Leary (Mar 06 2020 1:45PM) : . more

This is why I think a wholesale ban would be unfair

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Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 11:05AM) : pushback on bans because it wasn't enforced as much in more affluent schools. Also the idea of the teacher knowing what's best in their classroom.
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2020 Alysa Gribben (Mar 06 2020 1:38PM) : I see the appeal of banning in school. However, it is hard to go from using your phone all the time, to not at all in school. Banning including lunch time would be hard, but would allow students to socialize and grow relationships.
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Olivia Anderson (Mar 06 2020 4:26PM) : I think this shows an underlying problem with wealth because those with less money are much more likely to suffer from issues with phones.

Other motivations for lifting the ban were concerns over student safety such as the need for students to contact family members during break times and lunchtimes. Families were also incurring costs to store phones securely outside of the school. There was also a recognition teachers should be trusted to exercise their professional judgement as to how they could be making good educational use of devices in their lessons.

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2020 Emily Leary (Mar 06 2020 1:46PM) : Another reason more

Another reason I think a ban is unrealistic

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Mar 9
italia perez (Mar 09 2020 3:39AM) : When did the need for a constant update become a thing? How was life before we had the ability to keep constant tabs on our loved ones?
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Read more: Should mobile phones be banned in schools? We asked five experts

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At the same time, it was reckoned government resources were better directed toward supporting students to learn how to use technology responsibly through cyber-safety lessons.

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Christopher Sloan (Jan 15 2020 11:06AM) : how effective are cyber-safety lessons?
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All these reasons are as relevant now to Victorian schools as they were to New York City schools in 2015. The use (and non-use) of mobile phones in schools is certainly an issue we need to have a proper conversation about. But it might not be as clear-cut as the recent policy announcements suggest.

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Mar 9
erica Strand (Mar 09 2020 4:39PM) : At the end of the day this is not a simple issue. Because this effects the life of almost every student in the U.S., legislation cannot come overnight and apply everywhere perfectly.

DMU Timestamp: November 27, 2019 01:26

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