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An Introduction to Learning Objectives

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An Introduction to Learning Objectives

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Jun 25
Emily W (Jun 25 2020 2:45PM) : We invite you to create your own definition for learning goals. Condsider: How would you describe them to another teacher? What about another student? What are some key considerations that you want to make when designing your own?
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Jul 11
Ayaan S (Jul 11 2020 11:50PM) : Revised Definition more

Learning goals allow one to rapidly learn lessons and test their knowledge online. They can also achieve badges or certificates to showcase their achievement. .

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Jul 29
Emily W (Jul 29 2020 4:31PM) : I love how you've brought in connected learning here with the badges and certificates
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Aug 20
Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 3:19PM) : Thank you for making that connection, actually.
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Jul 14
Elishah N (Jul 14 2020 5:10PM) : learning goals one at a time increases your knowledge and helps you pass test and learn new lessons and you can get awards for all the stuff you achieved
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Jul 29
Emily W (Jul 29 2020 4:32PM) : What might awards look like in your content area?
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Jul 16
Jabriel A (Jul 16 2020 1:26AM) : Learning Objectives more

learning goal is a goal that you set to a point of knowledge that you train your brain to achieve.

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Jul 29
Emily W (Jul 29 2020 4:33PM) : Can learning goals and/or objectives be for singular activities, or are they primarily for repeated/cyclical activities?
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Jul 28
Jessica C (Jul 28 2020 3:27PM) : Learning goals are specific and measurable purpose statements to make sure everyone knows what we are learning about more

Key considerations include communicating the learning goals and defining measurable outcomes.

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Jul 29
Emily W (Jul 29 2020 4:35PM) : Specific and measurable, yes! I wonder, could or should they ever be more open-ended?
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Jul 29
Amanda G (Jul 29 2020 11:38PM) : Learning goals are progress check points. We want to ensure a student has met the learning goal before going further into the lesson or onto the next chapter.
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Jul 31
Ifeoma E (Jul 31 2020 10:04AM) : A learning goal is a statement describing the intended competency and knowledge a student has to acquire after an educational section; they are generally broad compared to an objective, and its achievement requires a longer time frame
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Aug 2
Juanita M (Aug 02 2020 7:04PM) : Learning goals are measurable tasks that you set for yourself and your students to assist in their learning. [Edited]
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Aug 3
Aline V (Aug 03 2020 11:16PM) : Learning Goals more

Learning Goals (objectives) are skills or standards that are measurable and the basis of your lesson plan. These goals are the key takeaways teachers want students to learn as part of the content they are teaching. Basically, it is the main reason for the crafting and implementation of your lesson plan.

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Aug 5
Emmie S (Aug 05 2020 10:55PM) : A learning goal or objective allow both the teacher and student to understand what the lesson or lessons are trying to teach and get across
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:25AM) : Learning objectives helps the teacher and students know the expectations of a lesson. To help the teacher and students know what is expected from them, the objectives have to be clear, measurable and observable
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Aug 19
Scott C (Aug 19 2020 9:46AM) : Learning goals are actionable goals designed to achieve a measurable or observable outcome for the day's lesson.
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Aug 20
Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 3:57PM) : I feel like the more precise the learning objective, the more it can provide a common understanding of what the lesson is about for all involved in it. more

As the text reads, Learning goals are also like a course “road map” which helps align content, assessment and activities to create the ultimate learning experience.

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Aug 20
Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 4:08PM) : Key considerations while considering my own learning objectives... more

-Are my learning objectives clear and concise?

-Also, are the activities and the assessments Im using aligned with that specific learning objective?

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Aug 27
Zedica D (Aug 27 2020 12:57PM) : Learning goal definition more

A learning goal is the skills or knowledge that the content is expected to provide to the learner.

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Sep 4
Karen M (Sep 04 2020 12:52AM) : Learning Goal Definition more

Brief and clearly expressed learning outcomes of a lesson. For teachers, they provide focus for what is to be taught and assessed. For students, learning goals specify what they should know and be able to do as a result of instruction.

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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:21PM) : when I think of learning goals, I think of something that is set not only for the students but also for the teacher to keep both on track and also assure that students master of skill and knowledge at the end of the lesson. more

I would describe to another teacher as what holds their lesson together, in everything that is planned in the lesson it has to be connected to the objective or it serves no purpose. This is crucial to teachers because as planning it helps clarify which direction the lesson needs to go. For another students i would describe it as the end goal, a wanted result they want to achieve at the end of every lesson. It is some type of reward for following through the instruction given to you.

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Sep 19
Zachary M (Sep 19 2020 9:19PM) : What are learning goals? more

Learning goals consist of the knowledge and skills that we want our students to acquire. They are objectives that we as instructors wish to accomplish with our students through the implementation of some sort of activity. It is also measurable and observable in the sense that the instructor can assess whether or not the objective was met. It should be noted that strong objectives are precise in their meaning and desired outcome whereas weak objectives are vague. Learning goals are essentially a guide that helps align content acquisition, activities, and assessment to enhance students’ learning experiences.

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Jul 11
Addison D (Jul 11 2020 12:51PM) : The learning objectives allow all stakeholders in the course instructors students,schools. more

Well crafted learning objectives are my key ideas.

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Jul 11
Ayaan S (Jul 11 2020 11:53PM) : Learning Objectives more

Learning objectives do indeed help fuel new and significant ideas which helps in creating more interest in your field, or the topic which you are studying.

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Aug 4
Juanita M (Aug 04 2020 5:40PM) : Learning objectives also help keep you on track and guides you in choosing different resources to help you teach.
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Aug 19
Scott C (Aug 19 2020 9:47AM) : I agree - they are useful for both instructor and student. Sometimes, lessons can get offtrack. By focusing on the learning objective or goal, the teacher can get the class back on track for the day.
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Jul 11
Addison D (Jul 11 2020 12:55PM) : For instructors and course the value of a learning objective is perhaps most obvious. more

In short,learning objectives enable the blended learning design process to happen.

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Jul 28
Jessica C (Jul 28 2020 3:28PM) : I agree, instructors need to know what direction they are taking the class and why.
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Jul 29
Emily W (Jul 29 2020 4:35PM) : How obvious do you think they should be to students?
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Jul 11
Ayaan S (Jul 11 2020 11:39PM) : Objectives of courses online such as LRNG more

Everyone participating and engaging in the learning objectives online allow one to fully understand the topic. Who thinks online courses which consist of learning objectives be the future of learning?

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Adapted from Teaching with Technology, U. Wisc. (2013)

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Well-crafted learning objectives (also called learning goals) are part of any effective course--whether it meets in-person or online. In short, learning objectives allow all stakeholders in the course (instructors, students, schools, etc.) to share a common understanding of what the course is about. This short document outlines some of the considerations that you might want to make when identifying strong learning objectives and designing your own.

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Jul 13
Elishah N (Jul 13 2020 10:18PM) : after learning something you can use it in multiple ways and other people can look at it and and either agree with them or can help them learn something
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Jul 28
Jonathan P (Jul 28 2020 5:38PM) : Learning Objectives are the foundation of a lesson. more

Without an objective, we have no direction, we have nothing to measure. If we can establish an objective, we can see if we are getting close to or fully meeting that objective.

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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:27AM) : I agree Jonathan. Learning objectives keep us on track. They help both the teacher and the students. I think of them like milestones.
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Aug 28
Jessica A (Aug 28 2020 9:58PM) : Milestones more

I love that! Learning Objectives really are like milestones, and based on how our students perform is how we as teachers can guage how to help them reach those milestones every step of the way.

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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:10PM) : very true and i realize that many of the strategies we use like check for understanding and others are relied on what the learning objective said the students should be able to do at the end of the curriculum.
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Jul 31
Ifeoma E (Jul 31 2020 8:02AM) : A Well-defined learning objective is beneficial to both the instructor and learners: It provides learners with a clear purpose on what to focus their learning efforts, informs the selection of instructional materials/activities and guides assessment.
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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:08PM) : importance of the right objectives is truly important and this can really assist in knowing or checking back if students are on track and if lesson has to be retaught. if it does not connect with lesson than the lesson can be a failure. more

i like how it ties everything together

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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:11PM) : I could not agree more. Everyone must come at a mutual understanding before moving forward.
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Instructors & Course Designers

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For instructors and course designers, the value of a learning objective is perhaps most obvious. In short, learning objectives enable the blended learning design process to happen. Learning objectives provide road map for a course and help align content, assessments and activities to round out the learning experience.

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Jul 28
Jonathan P (Jul 28 2020 5:39PM) : Learning objectives as a road map. more

This is like I was saying before, the objective, is the direction of travel we must go on to succeed as instructors.

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Jul 29
Emily W (Jul 29 2020 4:36PM) : At what, if any, point might learning objectives/goals be modified?
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Aug 3
Aline V (Aug 03 2020 11:22PM) : Modifications more

Learning objectives might be modified when it is evident a large majority of students seem to be struggling to learn. Also, it can be modified when it is not clearly defined enough or immeasurable.

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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:30AM) : Yes I agree Aline. Sometimes the learning objectives can be too broad or students might be struggling. Learning objectives can also be modified depending on how the lesson plan goes. Sometimes you have one idea of how you want to go.
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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:38PM) : Very true, As a teacher you have to assure that the needs of the students are met which means at times conform to the learning styles and different strategies that fits the students needs. more

The learning objective can be based on the students interest applied in the lesson rather than just following the mainstream way of teaching.

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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:35PM) : i believe the learning objectives can be modified when it is not clear for the students. This is when many students struggle to meet the requirement of the objectives. Also when the teacher is rewriting a lesson the objective should also be modified.
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:06AM) : Learning objectives are like guidelines that help everyone be on the same page.
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Aug 28
Jessica A (Aug 28 2020 9:59PM) : Road map [Edited] more

A road map! Another great analogy!
Learning objectives are a huge part of the road map and help align content, assessments and activities—SO very important!

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Aug 19
Scott C (Aug 19 2020 9:39AM) : As a Dept Chair, we emphasize posting learning objectives daily so students have a clear roadmap of the day's lesson. Som teachers would rather imply learning objectives or just verbally state them.
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Sep 4
Karen M (Sep 04 2020 1:03AM) : I find this practice to be crucial during a lesson. Posting learning objectives daily and having them readily accessible through out a lesson, allow students to refer back to the set goal and properly guide their learning experience.
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Aug 27
Zedica D (Aug 27 2020 1:55PM) : what you hope learners will gain from the information
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Sep 3
Karen M (Sep 03 2020 11:53PM) : A road map for a course more

Learning objectives organize a course, which is necessary as we enter a new remote/hybrid school year. As an aspiring teacher, learning objectives provide me with a peace of mind that I will know how to navigate through the appropriate content, assessments, and activities without getting “lost in the weeds”.

Students

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Well-developed learning objectives can also help students to understand better their own learning process. When the goals are explicit, students can more purposefully approach readings, activities, and assignments and more easily make connections that deepen the learning experience. Furthermore, students may be able to articulate skills more clearly and link their learning experiences to a real-world context.

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Aug 20
Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 4:22PM) : "Well developed learning objectives help students understand better their own learning process." more

As a student who struggled in school, I know that when my teachers and professors were organized, explicit and concise about thier expectations in how they approached their lessons, I better understood what was expected out of me and how to get from point A to point B.

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Sep 14
Serenity S (Sep 14 2020 2:26PM) : I agree, when a teacher sets out what is expected, and how a student should go about accomplishing their assignment, it makes learning much easier.
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Sep 14
Serenity S (Sep 14 2020 2:21PM) : I agree, goals are what get us places in learning. And usually the goals we keep to ourselves are the ones we are more likely to accomplish.
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Jul 11
Ayaan S (Jul 11 2020 11:44PM) : Impact of learning objectives more

After learning topics online, having in-depth and challenging activities allow one to recognize what the learned and if they need to go back and review the lessons.

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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:34AM) : Having activities to reinforce what students learned can help student for-fill the learning objectives
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Aug 27
Zedica D (Aug 27 2020 1:55PM) : help students identify their strengths and weaknesses
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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:40PM) : yes , it is not only what the teacher wants me to learn but what do i also want to learn. What do I want to get out of this course, which i believe students should be asked such questions and they should ask themselves those questions too.
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Jul 31
Ifeoma E (Jul 31 2020 2:23PM) : An explicit learning goal is like the building block for an effective learning experience.
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:08AM) : Goals have be clear and explicit. This helps the student know what they are expected to learn and helps the teacher keep the focus on these goals.
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Aug 20
Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 4:13PM) : Alignment more

Yes, not only do our learning goals need to be clear & concise, we also have to be cognizant of the alignment of the lesson’s activities as well.

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Aug 19
Scott C (Aug 19 2020 9:40AM) : I think it is important to write them so they are student-friendly and not in edu-speak as well.
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Aug 20
Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 4:14PM) : I agree. It has to be relatable to them.
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Sep 4
Karen M (Sep 04 2020 12:18AM) : Explicit goals more

As learning objectives can help guide a student’s approach to the many components of a lesson, these should be clearly available and referred back to through out instruction. Learning objectives should be explicit and student friendly to promote the best learning environment.

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Jul 16
Jabriel A (Jul 16 2020 1:18AM) : Preparing you for the real word. more

Using what you learn here online, and the goals you push and hope to achieve,can help you in life. This is preparing you and teaching you life skills that you are going to need in the real world.

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Jul 31
Addison D (Jul 31 2020 12:45PM) : What goals would you use? more

Students may be able to use your goals to push yourself and hope to achieve

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Jul 29
Amanda G (Jul 29 2020 11:43PM) : Students may be able to articulate skills more clearly. Learning objectives give the students the words to describe what they have just accomplished.
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:38AM) : Thats such a unique way of looking at it. If at the end of the lesson, you can have students use the same language as the learning objectives, they can show and describe what they just learned.
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Sep 4
Karen M (Sep 04 2020 12:29AM) : Meaningful learning more

Rather than just memorizing information for an exam or quiz, students can recognize new skills developed through out a lesson. By connecting their “learning experiences to a real-world context”, we can help promote meaningful learning.

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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:44PM) : Yes, we want the students to be ready for real world challenges rather than just how to take quizzes and exams. I believe students should be thought to be their own thinker, bring something new to the table and students can do so when they are offered more

skills to assist them to articulate better in a real world context. For example, a student who might be nervous completing a test can take a similar skill and apply it beautifully on the outside world and all of this depends on how they were taught to apply those skills.

Institutions, Departments and Programs

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Though our primary focus remains at the course level, learning objectives can have significance beyond the course level. In thinking about how your course objectives take shape, it may be worth considering how programs, departments, and institutions might use learning objectives to help organize more holistic learning pathways for students. For example, many institutions have a set of essential learning outcomes that help communicate to stakeholders how an education will prepare students for life after graduation.

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Aug 28
Jessica A (Aug 28 2020 10:06PM) : Learning Objectives Beyond Course Level??? more

Wow! Who would have even thought that there are learning objectives that go beyond a lesson plan, or unit plan? I never considered how programs/departments and institutions utilize learning objectives to organize learning pathways! I can see how it would help if it is done the right way.

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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:49PM) : I like this concept because it shows that it goes beyond just a classroom. It is all for a greater pathway. I believe it should be implemented more across different institutions and programs.
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:11AM) : Depending on the school and classroom, there can be specific learning outcomes designed to help students after graduation.

Departments and programs can also outline learning objectives that align with those institutional objectives but speak more specifically to how a program of study will prepare a student for a specific discipline.

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Aug 3
Aline V (Aug 03 2020 11:28PM) : Has anyone made the connection of these standards addressed in all of our course syllabi? more

Themes and student outcomes of the LUTE conceptual framework are stated in the beginning of many of our courses syllabi. These are the guidelines that we as students are expected to practice in during our time within the course, hence OUR own learning objectives.

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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:39AM) : Last semester I had a professor go through the LUTE framework to show us how she was implementing them into our class.
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Learning Objectives and Course Structure

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Learning objectives might seem straightforward, but there are actually quite a number of considerations to make to ensure that an objective is complete and works to align with the various elements of a blended course. The diagram below outlines how objectives work at various levels of a course to build the course structure and to help define the various assignments, activities, and assessments.

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Sep 14
Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:51PM) : Doesn't a teacher spend more time assuring that the objective will play justice to the curriculum teachers wants to teach?
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Jul 28
Jonathan P (Jul 28 2020 5:41PM) : The complexity of learning objectives. more

This stuff can become vastly complicated depending on how you want to approach something.

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Aug 3
Aline V (Aug 03 2020 11:36PM) : Objectives more

I agree with you Jonathan. Figuring out what learning objectives coincide with your lesson plans is something that requires practice. One technique that was recently supplied during my summer course is to work backwards – end with the learning objectives after going through your lesson plan.

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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:13AM) : I agree with you Jonathan. Looking at the diagram, there is so much that goes into figuring out the learning outcomes.

objectives in scheme of course design
from UCF's Blended Learning Toolkit

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Anatomy of an Objective

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A learning objective is a brief statement with several important characteristics:

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Jul 29
Amanda G (Jul 29 2020 11:51PM) : I was also taught that a measurable objective would have the condition under which the behavior will occur (condition), what the student will do (behavior/performance), what makes performance acceptable (criteria).
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:18AM) : Same Amanda. I was taught the same formate. But I like the explanation of an objective. I don't know about you but I continue to struggle writing learning objectives.
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  • contains a verb that aligns with the designed learner action
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  • contains object that summarizes the desired knowledge or skill
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  • is actionable - can be put into practice or though activity
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  • is measurable or observable- can be assessed to determine whether the objective was met
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While each characteristic above is an important component of a complete learning objective, it is worth spending a moment looking at the way in which the verb can link an objective to one of the six cognitive domains within Bloom's Taxonomy.

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Now that we've established the component parts of a well-written objective, let's look review a few examples. Consider the table below and note the difference between the strong and weak objectives. As you review the chart, notice how the strong objectives include each of the essential components of an objective (listed above). At the same time, note how the weak objectives contain a non-descript verb and imprecise object.

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Jul 31
Ifeoma E (Jul 31 2020 8:40AM) : The major difference between the weak and strong objective, in my opinion, is the presence of performance statements that are observable and measurable, that describes what students must be able to do to demonstrate mastery of the learning objective.
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Aug 5
Emmie S (Aug 05 2020 10:52PM) : This is a very good point, for a strong objective both you and the students need to know exactly what is being measured.
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:21AM) : I agree with you Ifeoma. Strong objectives are observable and measurable. You have to be specific about what you want students to know and understand and how you want students to demonstrate that they have learned those topics.
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Aug 28
Jessica A (Aug 28 2020 10:10PM) : Specific Learning Objectives more

“Specific” is the key word here. The more specific, the more the student knows exactly what is expected.

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Weak Objectives

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Strong Objectives

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Know how to use t-tests and chi-square tests in data analysis

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Jul 30
Amanda G (Jul 30 2020 11:43PM) : This chart of weak vs strong objectives is very helpful. In the first weak objective, how do we measure "know how"? In the first strong objective, we know students are expected to statistically compare the two.
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Jul 31
Ifeoma E (Jul 31 2020 8:51AM) : I do agree with you, Amanda, well-written learning objective should be measurable. “know-how” in my opinion, is ambiguous and not measurable.
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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:41AM) : Yes! The chart has clear examples of what is a weak or strong objectives. Looking at them I can clearly tell why one is weak versus why one is strong.
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Aug 10
Lu m (Aug 10 2020 11:36PM) : I agree with Amanda. I noticed that the strong objectives have more action words than the weak ones. [Edited]
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Aug 20
Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 5:27PM) : I notice the verbs they use in the weak column as opposed to the strong. Defintely more explicit and concise verbs, Describe-use-compare/ Define-calculate/ List-Describe and compare/ Compare and Contrast...
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Describe the assumptions underlying t-tests and chi-square tests and use these tests to statistically compare two samples

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Understand how to measure the association between a given risk factor and a disease

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Define and calculate measures of association between a given risk factor and a disease.

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Aug 3
Aline V (Aug 03 2020 11:31PM) : strong objectives more

Right away, students would see the strong and explicit verb that they are required to learn how to do by the end of the lesson. Verbs like define, calculate, list, compare and contrast, are strong simple and straight to the point – and also clear.

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Aug 10
Lesley T (Aug 10 2020 11:44AM) : Those verbs are both measurable and observable.
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Basic strategies for identifying shapes.

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Jul 30
Amanda G (Jul 30 2020 11:45PM) : For weak objective number 3, students would not know what is expected of them and I see no measurable achievement. However, in the strong objective example, we see that we are expecting students to list, describe, and organize geometic properties.
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Jul 30
Amanda G (Jul 30 2020 11:46PM) : Not only is the strong objective explicit, but it gives students content vocabulary that is expected of them.
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List, describe, and compare the geometric properties of common shapes (square, trapezoid, etc.)

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Know about animal and plant cells.

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Compare and contrast the visual and biological properties of animal and plant cells.

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Jul 28
Jonathan P (Jul 28 2020 5:44PM) : Weak VS. Strong Objective. more

I love how the precise choice of words when designing a lesson can make a substantial impact on its effectiveness.

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Jul 29
Emily W (Jul 29 2020 4:37PM) : Great observation!
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Jul 30
Amanda G (Jul 30 2020 11:47PM) : I agree, the strong objectives supply the learner with content specific vocabulary that they can use to enhance their work.
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Apply Your Learning: Questions to Consider

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  1. Does your program or department have well defined learning objectives or outcomes for students?
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    Aug 10
    Lu m (Aug 10 2020 11:34PM) : I'm not teaching but I can use the course I'm taking as an example. more

    I’m taking ESC501. In the syllabus, the teacher clearly stated three objectives of the course.

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    Aug 19
    Scott C (Aug 19 2020 9:43AM) : We revisit this each year, but this year will be especially important to establish clear learning objectives
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    Aug 20
    Jessica A (Aug 20 2020 5:29PM) : Definintely something to consider as I meet with my co-teacher and the rest of the English Ed. Department in my school.
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  3. If so, how do those objectives impact your course design, activities, and assessments?
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    Aug 19
    Scott C (Aug 19 2020 9:44AM) : Out course design is driven by our learning objectives and essential questions for each grade level, 7-12
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  5. If you have learning objectives developed for your course, are they written in a way that is measurable and actionable?
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    Aug 19
    Scott C (Aug 19 2020 9:44AM) : Yes
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    Sep 14
    Aimee Grace E (Sep 14 2020 2:46PM) : i believe it should be because how else will you check for progress or anything or to modify it.
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DMU Timestamp: May 11, 2020 21:16

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