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A Tale of Two Schools

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A Tale of Two Schools

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By Maria Fleming

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Introduction

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In the early 1900s, Mexican Americans, or Chicanos, in California and the Southwest were excluded from “Whites Only” theaters, parks, swimming pools, restaurants and even schools. Immigrants from Mexico waged many battles against such discriminatory treatment, often risking their jobs in fields and factories and enduring threats of deportation. In 1945, one couple in California won a significant victory in their struggle to secure the best education for thousands of Chicano children.

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Sep 10
Liliana S (Sep 10 2020 2:41PM) : I find it really suprising how powerful people can be at an extent. A couple really changed the law for hispanic children to be treated equally and fairly, and did them all a huge favor that impacted their lives.
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Sep 14
Emily V (Sep 14 2020 5:51PM) : segregation of mexican children was in texas through arizona; the classes for hispanic children were separated into advanced classes for whites and labor classes for the hispanic children. there schools were in bad shape and they got handouts from [Edited] more

the white school.they weren’t even getting a proper education.
paragraph (10-13)

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Sep 16
Jesusita G (Sep 16 2020 2:50PM) : segregation was common between hispanics and whites,hispanics werent allowed at places white go to
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Sep 16
Jesusita G (Sep 16 2020 3:12PM) : this makes me angry because as a school educator he shouldnt be rasict to kids that are darker
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Aug 31
Yarelli V (Aug 31 2021 2:36PM) : I agree I think it was very wrong of him considering the fact that children learn from adults
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Sep 17
Natalia N (Sep 17 2020 6:39PM) : Foster Antagonisms more

How do you think segregation fosters antagonisms between people? If they are separated, how would they have reason to dislike each other?

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Sep 21
Yamile B (Sep 21 2020 1:43AM) : I think segregation fosters antagonism between people due to the feeling of inferiority. more

The constant shaming of the Mexicans by the white people and wanting to separate from them builds a mixture of emotions for the Mexicans.They can feel rage towards the white people because they think they don’t deserve the same rights as them because the Anglos feel as if they’re the superior race, as well as feel sad because the constant shame towards them can make them feel worthless. And when these feelings build up it causes hate towards the whites.

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Sep 18
Vivianne L (Sep 18 2020 1:35AM) : Kent just infuriates me as he's just blatantly racists and rude in front of many Chicanos and did not care if he offended or hurt them. Like how cruel do you have to be to not care about other people's feelings especially childrens.
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Sep 1
Paulina D (Sep 01 2021 2:12PM) : my two key details are when he was screaming the the Mexicans and be racists more

I do fully agree with you on how rude they can be

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Sep 19
Alejandro M (Sep 19 2020 12:23AM) : A lot of Mexicans came during and this quote reveals that chicano workers in their fields during time of economic prosperity.
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Sep 19
Alejandro M (Sep 19 2020 12:31AM) : In the past The chicano students was discriminating for the anglos and approximately 80% of schools districts in california with large Mexicans population practiced segregation.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:05PM) : why were the chicano students being discriminated?
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Sep 19
Alejandro M (Sep 19 2020 12:34AM) : When the anglos wanted the segregation they did it but with a secret of The Mexican schools were typically housed in run-down buildings. They employed less-experienced teachers than the Anglo school and this was for force the Mexicans to don´t have aspira
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 8:23PM) : I learned that Chicanos were excluded from Whites Only theatres, parks, and schools. They waged many battles against discriminatory treatment.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:07PM) : Why were the chicanos exluded from white only theaters, parks, and schools?
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 10:58PM) : I was surprised to learn a couple change a lot for the mexicans now they can go to theaters, parks, swimming pool and school without being treated differently.
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Sep 23
Allen A (Sep 23 2020 7:31AM) : I feel bad for the mexican communities in the early 1900s for having to live life like this. Things are much different now thanks to their many victories in a battle against segregation.
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Jun 30
Jennifer A (Jun 30 2021 4:04PM) : It's not right that Mexicans were excluded from many places
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Jun 30
Diana G (Jun 30 2021 4:07PM) : I agree on statement more

I agree with you because how would they feel if we treated them differently. For the safety of others, they should stop comparing Mexicans to them

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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:09PM) : I agree that it was unfair chicanos were exluded from these stuff
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Jun 30
Jonathan L (Jun 30 2021 4:12PM) : Hispanics werent allowed to go where whites went
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Aug 31
Yarelli V (Aug 31 2021 2:34PM) : Something that makes me upset is the fact that they weren't giving the Mexican children the encouragement to want education they weren't allowing them the opportunity to choose for themselves whether they wanted it or not
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Aug 31
Xavier C (Aug 31 2021 2:36PM) : Question more

What did the people that would threaten to deport Mexicans get out of it? What was their benefit from implementing fear into someone who is trying to work and maintain their family?

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Aug 31
Fernando H (Aug 31 2021 2:38PM) : he school wasn't the only school board discriminating the chicano children. California Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona school boards also did.
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Aug 31
Xavier C (Aug 31 2021 2:43PM) : I agree that there were many schools that supported segregation between the Chicanos and the Anglos.
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Sep 1
Yarelli V (Sep 01 2021 2:10PM) : It's upsetting to know that their prejudice towards Chicanos got to an extent where they were almost dehumanizing them by only allowing them to get in the pool when it was at its dirtiest state.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:25PM) : I agree with you on how unfair it was for chicanos to be separated from whites.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:23PM) : Back then segregation was really common, I find it really unfair how Mexican Americans couldn't be around whites.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 9:42PM) : I find it intresting that a couple was able to fight for their own by fighting for chicano childrens education
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Feb 5
Jack L (Feb 05 2021 11:10AM) : I never knew about how Mexican Americans were discriminated against like this

In the fall of 1944, Soledad Vidaurri took her children and those of her brother, Gonzalo Méndez, to enroll at the 17th Street School in Westminster, California. Although they were cousins and shared a Mexican heritage, the Méndez and Vidaurri children looked quite different: Sylvia, Gonzalo Jr. and Geronimo Méndez had dark skin, hair and eyes, while Alice and Virginia Vidaurri had fair complexions and features.

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Sep 10
Jhonnatan T (Sep 10 2020 2:38PM) : I would done the same thing and would not registered any of the children in either school.
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Sep 10
Natalia N (Sep 10 2020 2:40PM) : Would you register them at the Mexican school instead?
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Sep 10
Jhonnatan T (Sep 10 2020 2:47PM) : yes because I would want them to have an education at least.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:11PM) : I agree that the chicano students should have some type of education.
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:07PM) : Exactly, I also agree with your response i either would'nt allow my children to experience that descrimination.
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Sep 10
Ariana O (Sep 10 2020 2:42PM) : I was upset to learn that the administrator just flat out told them they didn't want them to attend that school because of their color.
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Jun 30
Mariah F (Jun 30 2021 4:10PM) : What do you think the dark skinned should've done something? Like fight back?
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Sep 10
Emily V (Sep 10 2020 2:43PM) : i was surprised to learn that even though their ethnicity is mexican if they had littler skin they were able to go to the school but if you were darker you would have to go to the other school. things are still the same because people who have darker skin more

are falsely considered criminals and people with europeans descent could get away with murder.

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Sep 10
Alondra R (Sep 10 2020 7:34PM) : Yeah especially now we see this with the black lives matter movement. A white shooter will be taken down without being killed on the spot for possessing a gun however if a black african american man is suspected with unusual behavior they are shot.
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:20PM) : Yes, i was also very suprised that they only accept white skins but the darker skins had to be seperate even thorugh their mexicans. I belive they should be treated equally.
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Sep 14
Emily V (Sep 14 2020 3:55PM) : *even though their ethnicity is hispanic *lighter
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Sep 10
Alondra R (Sep 10 2020 2:43PM) : The white superiority existed in the community as the Vidaurri were accepted due to their lighter physical features. Even though they were mexican but because the Mendoza were darker complexed they were rejected.
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Jul 1
Kevin M (Jul 01 2021 12:32PM) : Reply more

Agreed. Even though many Mexican children were borned in the U.S and citizens. White’s still didn’t treat them as a part of them. They feel the need to be superior to everyone that aint their color

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Sep 10
Liliana S (Sep 10 2020 2:46PM) : Peaceful protest are the way to go when you're trying to stand up for something. Simply resisting is good enough to prove a point, it says a lot so the fact that he didn't register the students was a simple yet powerful thing to do
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Sep 10
Yanet V (Sep 10 2020 2:48PM) : I was surprised to learn that whites didn't let the children go to school with the white children because i thought they would go learn together. Another reason is mexican kids deserve to attend the same school as the whites.
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Sep 10
Emily V (Sep 10 2020 2:49PM) : things are still the same because people who lived in low come communities are mostly poc. for example when cops planted crack in black communities to increase the rate of drug use and violence. second generation immigrants still work in fields because more

that’s the only job available for low income people, they weren’t able to get a better education.

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Sep 14
Emily V (Sep 14 2020 3:58PM) : paragraph 6-9
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Sep 16
Estefania H (Sep 16 2020 10:31PM) : Gonzalo Mendez sent his children with her sister to send his children with hers to a new school. The cousins of Mendez's children look Anglos opposite from the Mendez's children. more

Soledad Vidaurri has children that look white and are really light skin and features. The Mendez children look Mexican because they have dark skin, eyes, and hair. They are cousins, but even though their aunt Soledad is Mexican and her kids have Mexican heritage, the anglos only care about the white features.

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Sep 17
Sofia M (Sep 17 2020 3:50AM) : The mexicans mostly got the used materials from school while the whites got the nice materials.The Mexicans kids shouldn't be going through that.
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Sep 17
Sofia M (Sep 17 2020 3:53AM) : I don't like how the whites doubted these Mexicans kids thinking that they aren't capable to do the same things like the whites. The made a Mexican school to help them adjust to society in general.
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Sep 17
Sofia M (Sep 17 2020 3:55AM) : The chicano labor workers that that America was an opportunities for a better futures for their kids. That way they didn't do the jobs there parent are doing which is labor work.
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Sep 17
Sofia M (Sep 17 2020 3:59AM) : Gonzalo and Felicitas had a very hard time in life due to having to constantly working in field laborers.So they fled to America at a young age for a better future for themselves.
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Sep 22
Sofia M (Sep 22 2020 2:26AM) : I don't like how agree with segregation and thought it was best for separating Mexicans and Whites. It's obviously that the whites considered Mexican "slow" and "incapable" to learn and have a future.
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Sep 22
Sofia M (Sep 22 2020 2:39AM) : Lots of the civil lawyers from every state was watching the Mendez lawsuit. The colored people never gave up to take down the "separate but equal" doctrine.
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An administrator looked the five children over. Alice and Virginia could stay, he said. But their dark-skinned cousins would have to register at the Hoover School, the town’s “Mexican school” located a few blocks away. Furious at such blatant discrimination, Vidaurri returned home without registering any of the children in either school.

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Sep 10
Fatima A (Sep 10 2020 2:38PM) : I don't understand why he said no to the darker skin children but yes to the lighter skin children if they were from they are all Mexican?
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Sep 10
Alondra R (Sep 10 2020 7:37PM) : I think it has to do with the perspective of a white color being superior. The children's physical features were light so they could pass for Anglo Saxon however the cousins couldn´t as they were of darker skin tone.
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Sep 17
Liliana S (Sep 17 2020 12:34AM) : I agree with you, it seems that no matter what, rasism will never be abolished. Superiority has always been seen from whites compared to darker skinned people. It's so messed up how the world thinks this way based off our looks.
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Aug 31
Adilene G (Aug 31 2021 2:42PM) : I agree with Alondra because I believe that her statement is the reason behind the administrator's actions. more

Furthermore, for the administrator to say that in front of the children is awful because it lets the children know that if their skin tone is darker they will always be seen as less compared to others with lighter skin tones.

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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:13PM) : I agree that it was unfair that they share the same blood but only the lighter one was exepted
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Sep 10
Brian A (Sep 10 2020 2:41PM) : What did people gain from this ideology of discrimination. These days this is still happening everywhere you go which tells me somethings never change
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:23PM) : Yeah,i agree with you i also see descrimination in these days still and it haven't changed its like that everywhere we go like in work, school popularity, etc...
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:43PM) : I agree with your thought. It seems that in our world some people will always feel the need to take an action of discrimination to someone who isn't like them. I feel that we can only do our best by thinking twice before we act judgemental of others.
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Sep 10
Vivianne L (Sep 10 2020 2:41PM) : I don't understand why he would only choose the lighter complected Mexicans and force the other mexicans to the "Mexican School". This makes me surprised as this statement from him clearly shows that back then people only saw white skin color as"Superior"
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Sep 10
Natalia N (Sep 10 2020 2:46PM) : I think what we're learning in APUSH helps us understand why.
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Sep 10
Fabian L (Sep 10 2020 2:42PM) : Im surprised to learn about how it was unfair for the Mexicans and it was sad on what they had to go through
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:30PM) : Yes it was very pitable seeing mexicans being treated like that and more worst their children also had to see that and expiernce it.
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Sep 10
Nicole G (Sep 10 2020 2:47PM) : It is surprising to see that the school let the kids with lighter complexions go to the school, but not the cousins that were darker skinned even though they were all of Mexican heritage. This proves that the school treated the kids a certain way more

because of the way their skin looked, instead of the fact that they were actually Mexican.

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Sep 16
Jesusita G (Sep 16 2020 2:55PM) : i dont understand why the administator only let the lighter complected mexicans go to the school and not the darker ones when his job is to help every kid
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Sep 21
Yanet V (Sep 21 2020 3:07AM) : An administrator looked the five children over. Alice and Virginia could stay but their cousins can't. The parents of the 5 was furious because they weren't allowed to be in the school.
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 8:31PM) : I was surprised to learn how the Mexicans that were darker were being treated. I think it's unfair because no one should be discriminated because of their appearance.
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:01PM) : If I experienced what Vidaurri I would also not go to school being treated like that.
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:02PM) : I don't understand why they didt just let them all in they were all related.
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Sep 23
Allen A (Sep 23 2020 7:35AM) : If I was a parent and this had happened to me I would be furious with the school board. For students to be picked and rejected by the school based on skin color is just wrong.
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Aug 31
Michelle J (Aug 31 2021 2:38PM) : . more

I agree with Allen and also think it’s wrong how the students are being rejected just because of their skin tone.

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Jun 30
Mariah F (Jun 30 2021 4:05PM) : Why would it matter if you were dark skinned but just because the other children were light skinned if there were all mexican which doesnt make it right. What do they get from not letting them go to their school?
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Jun 30
Jennifer A (Jun 30 2021 4:12PM) : I agree with you just because their skin tones are different it shouldn't affect whether they let them in the school or not.
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Jun 30
Marisa C (Jun 30 2021 4:10PM) : It was really unfair how they were treated and it seemed that they were all not treated equally.
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Jun 30
Mariah F (Jun 30 2021 4:20PM) : I agree with you because it wasnt fair and they should've been treating equally
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:40PM) : I dont understand why were the light skin Chicanos let in school and not the darker ones. THey should have all been let in. EVery kid needs an education.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 9:45PM) : What i find intresting was although they share the same heritage the lighter skinned cousins were able to register but the darker skinned cousin werent
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Aug 31
Michelle J (Aug 31 2021 2:35PM) : . more

The administrator looked over the children and said only the white kids could stay, meanwhile, the other dark-skinned kids had to go to a different school. This upsets me because the administrator was being racist by sending kids to a different school only because of how they look.

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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:41PM) : I agree with you its really sad how only the lighter skin kids were let in school. I think this was very unfair.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:15PM) : I agree that its unfair the darker skinned students were sent to different school
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Sep 10
Guadalupe A (Sep 10 2020 2:39PM) : I'm surprised to learn about the unfairness Mexicans had to go through, no one should be discriminated just because their skin color. Im from around that area and its surprising to know that people were racist.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:16PM) : I agree that no one should have to be discriminated agianst because of the color of their skin
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Aug 31
Edith G (Aug 31 2021 2:36PM) : This was so suprising to read and know that he only based it on their skin color. They were all Mexicans but the only reason Alice and Virginia were accepted was their like complexion. But the others weren't because they had a dark complexion.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 9:02PM) : I dont like how these kids were discriminated just because of their skin color.
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Sep 10
Mariah V (Sep 10 2020 2:39PM) : If I was the mother of these children, I would be furious and I would do the same thing that Vidaurri did. I would not allow any of my children to experience this discrimination.
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Sep 10
Yamile B (Sep 10 2020 2:42PM) : If I experienced this situation I would have acted the same and not registered the children because they deserve the same rights. I wonder what would happen if she would have registered the children.
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Sep 10
Alondra R (Sep 10 2020 7:41PM) : I were in her shoes I wouldn´t register my children either because its basically falling in line with their ideology. You should always fight for what is right. [Edited]
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:32PM) : I totally i agree with you i would also not allow my kids to go to school seeing many descrimination.

In the 1940s, Westminster was a small farming community in the southern part of the state. Lush citrus groves, lima bean fields and sugar beet farms stretched in every direction from a modest downtown business district. Most of the men and women working in those fields were first- and second-generation immigrants from Mexico who were employed by white ranchers.

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Sep 10
Fabian L (Sep 10 2020 2:45PM) : Things are the same now because some Mexicans still work for white people but they are nicer to them then before
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:33PM) : Exactly, now than before everything has change bit by bit. But still in some places there are still descrination.
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:48PM) : I agree with your thoughts. Many mexicans do work for Anglos now but there is way less disrespect than before. We can even see slightly higher pay for field workers and better support coming from the Anglos.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:18PM) : I agree with your thought, now days chicanos are still working for anglos but are not being discriminated agianst like before
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Sep 10
Allen A (Sep 10 2020 2:48PM) : This is kinda of the same now as most feild workers are often latino immigrants but further down in generations.
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Sep 10
Brian A (Sep 10 2020 2:48PM) : What ways can people open up and see that we all are equal but that some are more fortunate than others.
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:52PM) : To answer your question, some people need to go through a life changing experience to realize that everyone's life is different and some of us aren't as blessed as others. They need to learn how to humble themselves. more

It is simply acceptable to be more fortunate than others, but the problem arises when the more fortunate discriminate against those with less. If you are so fortunate, wouldn’t you help those in need? Many people in today’s world lack empathy. This is a recurring problem in today’s society.

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Sep 17
Liliana S (Sep 17 2020 12:43AM) : This is similar to the racial situation that happened to the Africans. They had to work for white ranchers as well this is why they think they have power over all the other races.
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Sep 19
Alejandro M (Sep 19 2020 12:22AM) : Suggested Replacement more

In the 1940s, Westminster was a small farming community in the southern part of the state. Lush citrus groves, lima bean fields and sugar beet farms stretched in every direction from a modest downtown business district. Most of the men and women working in those fields were first- and second-generation immigrants from Mexico who were employed by white ranchers.

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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 2:27AM) : What doesn't surprise me is that the majority of the workers in the fields were Mexican immigrants working for White ranchers. Many other jobs were not available to them at that time so they did the jobs that whites would not have wanted to do.
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Sep 16
Alondra R (Sep 16 2020 2:42PM) : Yes that is correct and that is still happening today. Although we are not segregated there is still views such as Mexicans not being more than just laborers.

Like many California towns at the time, Westminster really comprised two separate worlds: one Anglo, one Mexican.While Anglo growers welcomed Chicano workers in their fields during times of economic prosperity, they shut them out of mainstream society. Most people of Mexican ancestry lived in colonias— segregated residential communities—on the fringes of Anglo neighborhoods. The housing was often substandard, with inadequate plumbing and often no heating. Roads were normally unpaved and dusty.

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Sep 10
Fabian L (Sep 10 2020 2:48PM) : I was surprised to learn that Mexicans lived in a bad home and nobody bothered to fix that
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:38PM) : I was also surprise that mexiacan people had to live in those home problems and would get treated very badly they pay the same amount for their students to go to school and that's how they treat them.Im very furious they had to experience that awfulness.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:19PM) : I agree that it was suprising no one helped the chicanos out and left them with a bad and unsafe home
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Sep 10
Nicole G (Sep 10 2020 3:00PM) : It is upsetting that Anglo growers welcomed the Chicanos in their fields at times of economic prosperity, but shut them out of everything else. It seems that they only cared about them for working in their fields, but when it came to anything else, they more

didn’t care anymore and didn’t show any support to the Chicanos.

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Sep 11
Alondra R (Sep 11 2020 9:26PM) : Totally true how they only saw Chicanos as the laborers but could not stand them trying to improve their situation and be successful . However we have proved them wrong as we see high rising numbers of successful Latinos. [Edited]
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Sep 11
Alondra R (Sep 11 2020 9:39PM) : All these injustices is what led to the Chicano movements lead by Chavez and Huerta. Thanks to them we are where we are. Thanks to all those brave people. [Edited]
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Sep 13
Vivianne L (Sep 13 2020 2:19PM) : It makes me so angry to learn that the Anglos only accepted Chicanos for their own economic benefits. It makes me even angrier as they refuse equal schooling and segregate them even though the Anglos are using Chicanos.
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Sep 16
Jesusita G (Sep 16 2020 2:58PM) : i was surprised to find out that mexicans were living in such a bad enviroment
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Sep 21
Yanet V (Sep 21 2020 3:11AM) : Westminster was like two separate worlds: one Anglo, one Mexican. The only time the Anglo growers welcomed Chicano workers in their fields were during times of economic prosperity.
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 7:19PM) : I was surprised to learn that Mexicans were segregated from the Anglos. Also that they lived in harsh conditions.
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Sep 23
Allen A (Sep 23 2020 7:39AM) : The Chicano families were welcomed into fields to work to help support whites. Though this is true they were also welcomed with less adequate living conditions and basic need materials than whites.
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Jun 30
Diana G (Jun 30 2021 4:03PM) : opinion more

I’m surprised that Chicano history interprets society developing with injustice. This goes back to the way African Americans were treated back in the 1980s. It really impacts the world in many perspectives because imagine a community trying to convey in their best effort but the superior of the Americans not letting Mexicans like us with race, color to have this interpretation to work for what we are looking for. We are people who are trying to look for jobs and humanity. The cases of every life matter are a way to Black vs brown case. Giving the idea that 80 percent of California is being segregated by these ignorant Americans in the past of 1945. This would need to stop because how would they feel if we treated them differently. We are human and all lives matter not just theirs who just want to keep light-skinned in place.

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Jun 30
Edward H (Jun 30 2021 4:15PM) : I agree with your statement , " We are human and all lives matter ..." because this is very true the chicano people should not have been treated differently just because of their race, they to are humans beings.
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Jun 30
Kevin M (Jun 30 2021 4:07PM) : Opinion [Edited] more

Mexicans shouldn’t be separated from society and instead kept together if chicanos are just going to be working in Anglos farms anyway.

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Sep 10
Yamile B (Sep 10 2020 2:48PM) : It makes me angry that the Anglo only accepted the Mexicans when they needed their help with the crops. They already worked with each other why couldn't they just live equally.
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:48PM) : Yes... Im also angry about it and very surprise they treat them like that if they been working together a very long time by now they should've been getting along already but some stuff just doesn't change. Takes time.
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:04PM) : Yes I agree with you. We can see that this was unfair, but it would take time for things to become equal. Even today, people are discriminated against. All we can do is be the best individual we can be to ensure we do our best to stop what we can.
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Aug 31
Edith G (Aug 31 2021 2:39PM) : I think this is so unfair because only when they are needed and for something the Anglos won't do themselves. But other than that they are just shut out of Anglos community.
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Sep 8
Isaac M (Sep 08 2021 1:51PM) : Separation/Segregation more

Why must society be divided? Who thought this was a good idea? Division can only lead to things such as hatred and separation. It leads to nothing good.

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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 9:47PM) : I find this sentence intresting because it states that westminister really was comprised of two worlds chicanos and anglos.
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Sep 10
Mariah V (Sep 10 2020 2:47PM) : I don't understand why any workers couldn't take the time to make some of the colonias better. The mexicans didn't deserve the bad environment of their homes.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:21PM) : I agree that it was unfair mexicans had to live in such a poor enviorment
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:04PM) : The mexican were living in a bad environment and nothing was being done about it.
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Westminster’s Hoover School was in the heart of one such colonia and was attended by the children of Mexican field laborers. A small frame building at the edge of a muddy cow pasture, the Hoover School stood in stark contrast to the sleek 17th Street School, with its handsome green lawns and playing fields.

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Sep 10
Fatima A (Sep 10 2020 2:47PM) : It makes me angry that they would separate the children. Even though they didn't do anything to them and still give them bad materials for their separated school.
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:50PM) : Exactly the children did'nt do anything to them to be treated like that... they should'nt never been treat them in those bad manners.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:22PM) : I agree that its unfair that students were being discriminated and punished because of the color of their skin
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Sep 10
Fabian L (Sep 10 2020 3:45PM) : The school that mexicans went to was old and dirty and the school whites went to had green lawns and playing fields.
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Sep 10
Rosa Z (Sep 10 2020 11:53PM) : Yes total diferance mexicans had to experience a bad school and use their old materials while whites experiancing clean and new materials in thier school.
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Sep 11
Alondra R (Sep 11 2020 9:21PM) : It was unfair for them to be treated this way. Similar like the Lemon Grove incident where the Mexican students were sent to barns.
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Sep 13
Vivianne L (Sep 13 2020 2:26PM) : This is actually disgusting because this is putting these Chicano kids in a bad environment not only for learning but being in. This is making me angry as they refuse these kids to be in a safe and clean learning environment because of their race.
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:58PM) : The conditions of the Mexican school compared to the Anglos school angers me immensely. more

If one of the problems that the Anglos would bring up in court was that mexican children had sanitary problems, why put them in such unsanitary conditions for school? If they could support their nice looking Anglo school, why not at least ensure that the Mexican children were learning in a sanitary environment?

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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 2:33AM) : I don't think it's fair how there is already a big difference between the environment surrounding the schools.The Mexicans were being treated as inferior by getting a school right next to a muddy cow pasture, while the Anglos had nice lawns/playing fields
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Sep 17
Jesusita G (Sep 17 2020 5:01PM) : this more

this makes me angry because they separate the children just on the color of there skin and gave them bad supplies

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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:05PM) : The mexicans had to go to old dirty school in a barn while the other kids were in a school that was in a nice place.
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Sep 22
Yanet V (Sep 22 2020 2:59AM) : Westminster’s Hoover School was in the heart of one such colonia and was attended by the children of Mexican field laborers. However the Hoover School stood in stark contrast to the sleek 17th Street School, with its handsome green lawns.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 9:51PM) : I find this unfair because it states that the chicanos school was at the edge of s muddy cow pasture and hoover school stood in stark contrast to the sleek.

The Westminster School District was not alone in discriminating against Chicano students. At the time, more than 80 percent of school districts in California with large Mexican populations practiced segregation. The segregation of Chicano children was also widespread in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

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Sep 13
Vivianne L (Sep 13 2020 2:45PM) : In many places of America the Mexican population was large. I think the Anglos felt threatened with the high amount of population of Mexicans, making them think it was okay to segregate them which is absolutely wrong when the Mexicans did so much for them
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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 2:41AM) : It is saddening to see that there were many other states aside from California that were also segregating Chicanos. This shows that there were many other people who felt the same way about Mexicans and had the same discriminating thoughts as Westminster
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Sep 16
Alondra R (Sep 16 2020 2:46PM) : Yes it was sad but we also have to look at the small victories we have won. We brought enough attention to our situation that it led to school being not segregated. We still have a long way to go but one victory at a time.
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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 2:25PM) : What i learned was that many places in American had a big population of mexicans but they were still being segregated which is sad to hear.
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Sep 17
Yanet V (Sep 17 2020 10:59AM) : The school wasn't the only school board discriminating the chicano children. California Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona school boards also did. [Edited]
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 7:42PM) : I learned that more than 80 percent of school districts in California practiced segregation. Segregation of Chicano children widespread in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
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Sep 23
Allen A (Sep 23 2020 7:48AM) : The thought that unfair treatment and segregation was widespread through the states envoces anger. There was no fair reason that mexicans should have been treated with a rougher less caring hand than the whites.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 9:53PM) : I find this intresting because it states that the westminister school district discriminated chicanos.
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Jul 1
Kevin M (Jul 01 2021 12:12PM) : question more

What other school districts would discriminate against Chicano students?

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Sep 13
Yamile B (Sep 13 2020 11:23PM) : I'm not surprised to see that many schools practiced segregation, since white people's education was a priority. And if the Mexican children did go to school they weren't given the best education.
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Sep 17
Liliana S (Sep 17 2020 12:52AM) : I agree with your feelings about schools practicing segregation. The generation the mexican children were in at the moment wasn't the best for education and excelling in pedagogy.
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:06PM) : I wonder if all the Anglo's who were sending their children to school were all unwanting of chicano's in their schools. I would hope that some of those parents were nice and saw that the segregation was unfair.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 9:00PM) : I agree with you I wonder if all the anglo parents were the same.
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:08PM) : I was not surprised to know that california was the only one that had segregation it was also other states to.
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The Mexican schools were typically housed in run-down buildings. They employed less-experienced teachers than the Anglo schools. Chicano children were given shabbier books and equipment than their white peers and were taught in more crowded classrooms. Perhaps the greatest difference between the schools, however, was in their curricula. While geometry and biology were taught at the Anglo schools, classes at the Mexican schools focused on teaching boys industrial skills and girls domestic tasks.

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Sep 10
Alondra R (Sep 10 2020 2:48PM) : The minority groups were looked down as they thought nothing more of the mexicans but their field workers.This is why they are not given the same equality in education at that time.
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Sep 13
Vivianne L (Sep 13 2020 2:57PM) : This relates to the Lemon Grove incident as they put Mexican in a school with poor conditions. This shows that when Anglos segregated the Mexicans, Mexicans were given less education, were in environmentally bad conditions & teachers with less experience.
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Sep 13
Yamile B (Sep 13 2020 11:38PM) : I think something similar to this are low-income schools.These schools are usually filled with people of color living in poverty. These schools tend to lack funds to provide students with better resources.
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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 2:52AM) : It makes me angry to learn that Mexicans had classes that would teach them industrial skills and domestic tasks,while Anglos had geometry and biology classes.This angers me because Mexican students were not even given the opportunity of a higher education more

and were taught things that would get them a lower class/income job in the future, while Anglos were being taught things that would help them have a more successful job in their future.

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Sep 17
Liliana S (Sep 17 2020 12:56AM) : I feel the same way about this situation. It's very unfair that Chicanos were treated this way. It's as if they saw no potential in their education and had very low expectations and standards for them.
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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 2:44PM) : The schools that mexican kids went to were mainly run down buildings and they were given poor equipment
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Sep 18
Jesusita G (Sep 18 2020 1:49PM) : it makes me mad how chicano kids were sent to typical run dwon housing because they werent allowed in the anglo school
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 7:47PM) : I was surprised to learn that Mexican schools were housed in run-down buildings. They had less-experienced teachers and were given poor equipment.
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Jun 30
Edward H (Jun 30 2021 4:03PM) : Connection more

It’s explaining to use that the mexican students received the older learning equipment and that the schools they attended where run down. A connection between this and the Lemon Grove Incident can be made because in lemon grove they wanted to place the mexican students in a school that the parents described as looking like “a barn” and the students their also received older learning tools and even older teachers.

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Jun 30
Mariah F (Jun 30 2021 4:08PM) : They weren't give the same education as they should've had and gave them shabbier equipments . They didnt have the divided attention like the white kids had.
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Jun 30
Ariana O (Jun 30 2021 4:08PM) : I was very surprised when i found out the mexican kids were being taught how to work luke adults would do and the whites were being taught what a kid should be learning and that is very sad to know that, that was once America.
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Jun 30
Jennifer A (Jun 30 2021 4:16PM) : I agree with you it is surprising and sad to think that Mexican kids were treated like they were less
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Jun 30
Edward H (Jun 30 2021 4:18PM) : It is surprising that the white people believed only white people were good enough for other jobs while mexicans should only work in industrial and domestic jobs.
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Jun 30
Luis C (Jun 30 2021 4:09PM) : I was surprised to find out that the Mexicans got the worst of everything even the building were in bad shape they were run down. [Edited]
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Jun 30
Jennifer A (Jun 30 2021 4:09PM) : I dont understand why they think less of Mexicans it's like they are trying to keep them in a box.
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Jun 30
Luis C (Jun 30 2021 4:19PM) : I agree with this because they treated the like they were nothing and like they weren't equal to them
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 9:55PM) : I find this intresting because it not only states that chicanos were given run down building but it says they were taught how to work instead of an actual education
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Aug 31
Israel V (Aug 31 2021 2:35PM) : I think it unfair how they gave them pretty much the leftovers. Chicano students got the bad teachers compared to whites. The Chicanos got the run-down materials.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:44PM) : I agree with you I think it was really unfair how the Chicanos had all the second store materials.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:43PM) : I think this is very important and unfair to the Chicanos because they had all the second store materials. I don't understand why they were treated so different.
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Sep 14
Mariah V (Sep 14 2020 1:59PM) : I don't understand why anyone would allow Chicano children to be treated like this. I think that it is at least good though that they had some materials for school.
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Sep 15
Yamile B (Sep 15 2020 1:22PM) : I agree with your point on how the Mexican children were still able to receive school supplies even if they weren't in good condition. [Edited] more

I’m actually surprised that the white people gave them the opportunity to an education when they only wanted to see the Mexicans working.

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Sep 16
Alondra R (Sep 16 2020 2:47PM) : Well they did give them a education because that was part of the law. However they did not encourage for them to go and have a secondary education but they were encouraged in domestic service or labor jobs.
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Sep 16
Jesusita G (Sep 16 2020 2:59PM) : i dont understand why the school board would think its okay to put mexicans in run-down buildings and give them shabbier books
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Aug 31
Hely M (Aug 31 2021 2:43PM) : This is important because schools should discriminate how student learn because of their race. more

I thought that this sentence was important because I feel like just because at these schools Chicano students would go they shouldn’t be getting a lower education.

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Sep 13
Yamile B (Sep 13 2020 11:28PM) : Of course they would teach the Mexican children industrial skills as the white people only saw them as field workers. Looking back at the Lemon Grove documentary the school board wanted to separate the Mexican students to Americanize them.
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:08PM) : The Anglos did not want Mexican children to become smarter and have an education because then they would be successful and be more than just a field worker.I see this as selfish and inhumane.
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Jun 30
Kevin M (Jun 30 2021 4:02PM) : reaction more

The fact that they are teaching these things only in Mexican schools is really messed up and can really screw up young mexican people’s thoughts and the way they see the world

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Jun 30
Natalia N (Jun 30 2021 4:07PM) : Effects more

I think the last part of your statement is so important! Treatment like this affects people and how they see themselves, the goals they set for themselves and what they teach their children. When we think about this we can start to see how these actions can have lingering effects generations later.

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Jun 30
Ariana O (Jun 30 2021 4:17PM) : I had not thought of it in that way but know that you have mentioned it i bet it did have a bad effect on mexican kids at the time.
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Aug 31
Adilene G (Aug 31 2021 2:35PM) : Why was the school district so against giving the Mexican students the same education as the Anglo students? more

Besides the fact that the Mexican students were from different backgrounds, is there a deeper meaning as to why they are being segregated against?

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Aug 31
Esmeralda P (Aug 31 2021 2:39PM) : The difference between how white children were being treated compared to the Mexican children. more

It shocking how they only taught Chicano students industrial skills and it further shows how white people view Mexican. White people see themselves as the superior race compared to Mexicans

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Aug 31
Roman V (Aug 31 2021 2:43PM) : Mexican Americans were not being treated fair as the Americans. more

Something that surprised me in this sentence is the Americans were learning geometry and biology, the Mexicans were being learned how to work in the agriculture. This is very unfair for the Mexicans because they didn’t have a choice to learn about geometry and biology.

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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:37PM) : I agree.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:37PM) : Mexican children where being treated unfair in many ways.

Many Anglo educators did not expect, or encourage, Chicano students to advance beyond the eighth grade. Instead, the curriculum at the Mexican schools was designed, as one district superintendent put it, “to help these children take their place in society.”

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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 3:01AM) : It is frustrating to think that a superintendent would say something like that.Mexicans should be given a chance to prove they are capable of doing more,instead of getting automatically turned down and judged by people who think they won't succeed.
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Jun 30
Kevin M (Jun 30 2021 4:17PM) : reply more

Agreed. The superintendent has said a lot of unprofessional things

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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 2:45PM) : I learned that the teachers didn't encourage the chicano students to advance beyond the 8th grade.
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Sep 19
Alejandro M (Sep 19 2020 12:38AM) : I´m agree with your point of view because the anglos teachers thought that Mexican children was inferior to Anglos students only for be Mexicans and that was racist.
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Aug 31
Israel V (Aug 31 2021 2:37PM) : I agree with you the Chicano students were not even given a shot at a better life. The teachers had little to no faith that they had it in them to be something other than labor workers.
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Sep 21
Yanet V (Sep 21 2020 3:15AM) : Many of thw white educators did not accept or encourage chicano kids beyond the 8th grade. instead the mexican school had a superintendent that helped them take their place in life.
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Aug 31
Isidro G (Aug 31 2021 2:44PM) : I agree that they did not encourage the students to learn much also that they did not want to teach the mexican student above the 8th grade
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 6:08PM) : I was surprised to learn that educators were not encouraging Chicano students to advance beyond 8th grade. I think this is unfair because Mexicans should be given a chance to do better and get a better education to benefit their lives.
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Aug 31
Melina M (Aug 31 2021 2:39PM) : I agree with you because the Anglos were fully encouraged to continue school and get a more successful job. Then one involving physical labor.
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Sep 23
Allen A (Sep 23 2020 8:46AM) : Its messed up that the education differed between the mexicans and the whites. The whites were also provided with a better surroundings than the mexicans.
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Jul 1
Diana G (Jul 01 2021 3:08PM) : why didn't the Anglo encourage the Chicano students?
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:48PM) : I also have the same question I wonder why they acted so diffrent with chicaons.
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Aug 31
Melina M (Aug 31 2021 2:37PM) : "to help these children take place in society" more

This quote discusses how schools and other officials taught Mexican children hands-on tasks to replace their parents’ jobs, which were also hands-on.

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Sep 8
Melissa G (Sep 08 2021 1:53PM) : They didn't give Chicano students hope of being better.
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Sep 9
Brianna A (Sep 09 2021 8:47PM) : Something I learned was how the teacher wouldn't encourage the Chicanos students at all. They were students just like the other kids. I also didn't like that the superintendent said many unprofessional things.
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Sep 14
Mariah V (Sep 14 2020 2:06PM) : This angers me that they would expect them to not succeed. As educators, they are supposed to want to help all of their students, and this just makes me sad to think that they really didn't expect mexicans to become successful. [Edited]
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 9:58PM) : Why did they not expect or encourage students to get an education
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Sep 16
Jesusita G (Sep 16 2020 3:04PM) : anglo educators didnt encourage chicano kid they just saw them as farm labor
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Aug 31
Roman V (Aug 31 2021 2:45PM) : I agree with this because the school was looking the Mexican Americans as workers and not students
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:11PM) : They did not encourage them to succeed they taught they just showing them how to do other stuff that wont make them successful.
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Aug 31
Isidro G (Aug 31 2021 2:38PM) : They did not want the mexicans students to learn other things,they just taught them how to work in the fields.

That “place” was the lowest rung of the economic ladder, providing cheap, flexible labor for the prospering agricultural communities of California and the Southwest. At the time, more than 80 percent of the agricultural labor force in southern California was Mexican. An advanced education would only make Mexican Americans dissatisfied with farm labor, some white educators reasoned. As one school superintendent in Texas told his fellow educators, “You have doubtless heard that ignorance is bliss; it seems that it is so when one has to transplant onions. ... If a man has very much sense or education either, he is not going to stick to this kind of work. So you see it is up to the white population to keep the Mexican on his knees in an onion patch.”

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Sep 16
Vivianne L (Sep 16 2020 2:00AM) : The Whites had place Mexico below them due to their color. Though Mexicans making up most of their labor force giving the Whites many foods. The whites enforced segregation so that Mexicans wouldn't think about doing work other than labor work for them.
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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 3:11AM) : The reason the Anglos were giving the Mexicans a lower education was because they knew they would keep working in labor.This is unfair that they were taking advantage of Mexicans by having them work for them and do the jobs that they more

themselves, did not want to do.

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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 2:47PM) : I learned that they were providing cheap equipment and accessories for the small community mexicans had and most of them were forced labored
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:21PM) : they did not care about the mexicans they just wanted them to work and they were just making them feel low. [Edited]
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Jun 30
Luis C (Jun 30 2021 4:01PM) : I was shocked to find out that they thought It's the white population in charge of making sure that the Mexicans don't get any higher education. [Edited]
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Jul 1
Kevin M (Jul 01 2021 12:26PM) : Reply more

They would call that white supremacy. Whites always thought of themselves as superior.

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Jun 30
Edward H (Jun 30 2021 4:08PM) : Thoughts more

It makes me upset knowing that the white people back then decided that mexicans should only work in fields,that they shouldn’t go far academically. In this section I also very much dislike that the white people thought mexicans place in society was in industrial and domestic jobs.

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Jun 30
Ariana O (Jun 30 2021 4:16PM) : I very much agree with you because even though that's how it really was for mexicans we have proven to them that that's not going to be our reality anymore
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Jun 30
Ariana O (Jun 30 2021 4:12PM) : Its mind blowing how an administrator would say that to the students but i guess back then that was the norm to think like that but know hearing this makes me think how that message has been proven wrong along the years.
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Jun 30
Luis C (Jun 30 2021 4:16PM) : I agree with this because it's crazy how an administrator would say this.
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Jun 30
Marisa C (Jun 30 2021 4:18PM) : The whites were basically the ones who were in charge and made the choice of where the Mexicans should work.
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Sep 15
Yamile B (Sep 15 2020 11:07PM) : White people are aware that Mexicans have the potential to succeed, but they don't want them to realize that. I think this is why they provide them with such a poor education and don't encourage them, so that the Mexicans can just keep working for them.
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Sep 16
Fatima A (Sep 16 2020 2:41PM) : I agree with you with white people not caring about the Mexican or what they are going through. The white people just want to feel superior in one way or another yet it doesn't matter what the minorities are going through.
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Sep 8
Isaac M (Sep 08 2021 1:53PM) : interpretation more

clearly the idea behind the thought is this: If they are smart enough to realize that what they are doing is low, dirty work, they’re not going to want to do it and then we won’t have anyone to work our fields.

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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:00PM) : why did the anglos not want the chicanos to become dissatisfied with farm labor?
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But Chicano men and women had different ideas about their children’s futures. Like other immigrant groups, Chicano field laborers believed education was the ticket to a better life in America, a way out of the heat and dust of the fields.

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Sep 15
Yamile B (Sep 15 2020 11:16PM) : Mexican parents didn't want their children to struggle like them. They know that with an education they can be successful with their lives. more

I think many of us can also relate to this with our parents. Our parents rather see us in a classroom learning than seeing us outside in the fields.

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Sep 16
Vivianne L (Sep 16 2020 2:08AM) : This applies to even now. Many Mexican parents emigrated to the U.S. to give their children a better future. Mexican parents wanted their kids to have a better education and be open to many professions.
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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 3:16AM) : The Chicanos knew that the way to be successful was through education. It is sad that Anglos were trying to take that opportunity away from them.
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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 2:48PM) : The chicanos seen that education for their children was a ticket to a better life in america and a way for them to stop working in the fields.
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Sep 16
Jesusita G (Sep 16 2020 3:08PM) : they knew that education builds their future and not field labo
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Sep 17
Liliana S (Sep 17 2020 1:05AM) : I found it very empowering and generous that parents had hope for their children having a better education. It's a strong message that is applied to today, many immigrants want their children to excel and be successful in the educational field. more

The fact that they want a better future for their children really warms my heart because they are prioritizing future generations and putting themselves aside and being selfless.

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Sep 19
Alejandro M (Sep 19 2020 12:40AM) : The anglos only wanted the Mexicans cheap work hand in the feels of heavy works and that was a form to preserve the Mexicans down
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Sep 21
Yanet V (Sep 21 2020 4:05AM) : Many Chicano men and women had other plans for their childernś future. The field workers believed education was the key to a better life.
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:27PM) : The chicon parents did not want them to struggle and they did not want them to work in the field. I could relate to this because my dad is always telling me to try in school so i don't work heat or the cold.
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Sep 23
Allen A (Sep 23 2020 8:51AM) : Its disgusting how the whites tried to use their power to manipulate the mexicans to work for them.
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Sep 15
Mariah V (Sep 15 2020 4:12PM) : The Mexican parents were right about this. Their children getting an education was crucial to them becoming something more than their ancestor in society. They still had a chance and they could be able to prove the Anglo's wrong.
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Jun 30
Kevin M (Jun 30 2021 4:12PM) : Reply more

Yes, I agree the fact that Anglo’s aren’t giving the Mexicans a proper education mentally is selfish on their part

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Sep 16
Alondra R (Sep 16 2020 2:52PM) : Even today we see that the expectations for Mexican students is low. If a mexican student attends a Ivy league there is praise from many but there is also people who hate. However because they underestimate us we work hard and prove them wrong.
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Sep 19
Alejandro M (Sep 19 2020 12:44AM) : In the past and right know Mexicans came to USA for a better life for them and their child when Mexicans come to USA to work at the fields wondering a ticket for their children to a better education.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:01PM) : Why did the chicanos belive that education is the ticket to success?

Gonzalo and Felícitas Méndez knew well the difficult life of field laborers. Both had emigrated to the United States as young children. Like thousands of Mexicans in the early 20th century, Gonzalo’s family fled political turmoil in their native country. They left behind a successful ranch in Chihuahua and found jobs as day laborers in the citrus groves of southern California.

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Sep 14
Emily V (Sep 14 2020 5:58PM) : chicano men and women already knew that labor was very exhausting so they knew education would be better for their children. this is also happening today many immigrants are coming to the united states more

for a better life.

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Sep 14
Emily V (Sep 14 2020 5:58PM) : paragraph 14
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Sep 21
Alejandro M (Sep 21 2020 2:21AM) : I´m agree with you becuase when the people know that the work is exhausting they are looking for better opportunities for their children.
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Sep 16
Nicole G (Sep 16 2020 3:21AM) : The Mendezes knew how it felt to work as a laborer in America. Like many immigrants today, they had to leave their old life behind and start new as a laborer, in hopes of a better life.
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Sep 1
Adilene G (Sep 01 2021 7:52PM) : I agree with Nicole's comment because the story mentions how emigrating to the U.S gave many immigrants a chance at a better life compared to the previous life they had in their home-land.
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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 3:01PM) : I learned that chicanos was emigrated to the United States as children so they can find jobs
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Sep 16
Alondra R (Sep 16 2020 9:41PM) : The way that it describes that the Mexicans were only allowed certain jobs due to their education and based on the views of those who hired them. even today they are tied to the most rigorous jobs due to their lack of education. [Edited]
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Sep 21
Yanet V (Sep 21 2020 4:33AM) : Gonzalo and Felícitas Méndez knew well the difficult life of field laborers. But both had emigrated to the United States as young children.
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Sep 21
Vivianne L (Sep 21 2020 7:23PM) : It's inspiring to see them be able to leave their successful ranch to go to California to become day laborer. They did this to give their children a better education and future for their kids.
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Sep 21
Evelin R (Sep 21 2020 11:45PM) : gonzalo and felcitas emigrated to the United states as young children they left behind there valuable things to look for better opportunities for there kids.
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Sep 1
Israel V (Sep 01 2021 2:12PM) : Gonzalo's family had a successful ranch back in his home country but the state was so corrupt that they had to leave.
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Sep 10
Juan H (Sep 10 2021 10:02PM) : Why did they leave their buisness to work as laborers?

Felícitas Gómez emigrated to America from Juncos, Puerto Rico, when she was 10. The Gomez family led a migrant life, following the harvest from Texas to Arizona to California. Eventually, they settled in the southern Californiacolonia where the Méndezes lived, and in 1936, Felícitas and Gonzalo married.

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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 3:02PM) : i learned that the gomez family led a migrant life following the harvest from Texas to Arizona to California.
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 6:19PM) : I learned that Felicitas Gomez emigrated to America when she was 10. Then she got married with Gonzalo in 1936.
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Sep 23
Allen A (Sep 23 2020 8:53AM) : This family left their home with a successful life to pursue an even better life. I find that interesting and risky, they left their home along with thousands of others to pursue their dreams in america. [Edited]
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By that time, Gonzalo had a reputation in the county as a champion orange picker, and he commanded a slightly higher wage than other field workers. Felícitas, thrifty and resourceful, saved what she could from Gonzalo’s wages, and in a few years the couple were able to lease their own ranch—40 acres of asparagus in the town of Westminster.

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Sep 16
Fabian L (Sep 16 2020 3:05PM) : I learned that gonzalo had a reputation in the country and he was known to be the champion at orange picking and he had a higher wage then other field workers.
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Sep 21
Ritchy V (Sep 21 2020 6:23PM) : I learned that Gonzalo and Felicitas were able to lease their own ranch in the town of Westminster.
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Jul 1
Mariah F (Jul 01 2021 11:47AM) : They were successful by coming to the US because he was the champion of orange picking and he had higher wage than other workers and got their own ranch. [Edited]