NowComment
2-Pane Combined
Comments:
Full Summaries Sorted

Gay Marriage Timeline

0 General Document comments
0 Sentence and Paragraph comments
0 Image and Video comments


New Conversation
Paragraph 1 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 1, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

May 18, 1970 - Same-Sex Couple Applies for Marriage License

New Conversation
Paragraph 2 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 2, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Richard John "Jack" Baker and James Michael McConnell applying for a marriage licence in Minneapolis.

Richard John "Jack" Baker and James Michael McConnell applying for a marriage licence in Minneapolis.
Source: minnesota.publicradio.org, Oct. 25, 2012

New Conversation
Paragraph 4 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 4, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 4, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 3 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 3, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"On May 18, 1970, two University of Minnesota students, Richard John 'Jack' Baker and James Michael McConnell applied to Hennepin County District Court clerk Gerald Nelson for a marriage license. He denied the application, because the applicants both were men.

Baker and McConnell sued Nelson, claiming Minnesota law on marriage made no mention of gender. The trial court was not impressed with the argument, agreeing with Nelson. The state Supreme Court agreed with the lower court. When Baker-McConnell went to the U.S. Supreme Court, the couple was rebuffed again...

New Conversation
Paragraph 6 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 6, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 6, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 6, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 6, Sentence 4 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Baker v. Nelson has been used in other states as precedent to block efforts at marriage equality."

MinnPost, "Minnesota's Gay Community Purposely Moving Slowly on Gay Marriage Efforts," minnpost.com, Nov. 24, 2008

New Conversation
Paragraph 8 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 8, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

[Editor's Note: In 1971, the Minnesota Supreme Court ruled in one of the Baker-McConnell lawsuits that "the institution of marriage as a union of man and woman uniquely involving the procreating and rearing of children within the family is as old as the book of Genesis."]

New Conversation
Paragraph 9 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 9, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 7 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 7, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 5 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 5, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 5, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

1973 - Maryland Bans Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 10 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 10, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Maryland becomes the first state to pass a statute banning marriage between same-sex couples when it includes in its Family Law Code a line reading, 'Only a marriage between a man and a woman is valid in this State.'"

Freedom to Marry, "History and Timeline of the Freedom to Marry in the United States," freedomtomarry.org, Sep. 26, 2012

New Conversation
Paragraph 12 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 12, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 11 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 11, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 21, 1976 - Non-Church Sanctioned Gay Wedding Makes News

New Conversation
Paragraph 13 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 13, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Back on Nov. 21, 1976, in Northwest Washington, [Wayne] Schwandt and [John] Fortunato walked down the aisle side by side, wearing matching embroidered tunics...

Reporters wrote about what Fortunato and Schwandt called a holy union, which was controversial not because there was talk of legalizing gay marriage but because the two men publicly ask for -- and were denied -- the blessing of the Episcopal Church."

Washington Post "Inventing a Marriage -- and a Divorce, Gay Pair Who Wed in '70s Recall Journey Uncharted by Law," washingtonpost.com, Apr. 5, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 16 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 16, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 15 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 15, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 14 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 14, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

1983 - 'Spousal' Rights of Same-Sex Couples Becomes an Issue

New Conversation
Paragraph 17 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 17, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Karen Thompson's eight year struggle for legal guardianship of her lover Sharon Kowalski, begins when a drunk driver collides with Sharon's vehicle, placing her in a coma for several months and leaving her quadriplegic and severely brain-damaged. Despite Sharon's wishes to be cared for by Karen, Sharon's parents refused Karen full access or input into her care. Karen Thompson became a key spokesperson for lesbian and gay couples' rights. Karen's case was won in 1991."

New Conversation
Paragraph 18 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 18, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 18, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 18, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 18, Sentence 4 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Gay/Lesbian International News Network (GLINN), "GLINN's Timeline of Gay and Lesbian Family Issues," www.glinn.com/news (accessed Oct. 23, 2008)

New Conversation
Paragraph 19 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 19, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

1984 - Nation's First Domestic Partnership Law Passed

New Conversation
Paragraph 20 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 20, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"It took five years of lobbying by a stalwart city employee before the city of Berkeley [CA] enacted the nation's first domestic partnership ordinance in 1984. At the outset only city employees could register, and the program offered only dental insurance coverage and leave benefits to city employees, but within a year Berkeley began including medical insurance benefits as well."

Frederick Hertz, Making It Legal: A Guide to Same-Sex Marriage, Domestic Partnerships & Civil Unions, 2011

New Conversation
Paragraph 22 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 22, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 21 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 21, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 21, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Oct. 10, 1987 - First Mass Same-Sex Wedding Ceremony

New Conversation
Paragraph 23 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 23, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Joy Wasson and Liz Throop during the Second National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, where a mass same-sex wedding was held.

Joy Wasson and Liz Throop during the Second National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, where a mass same-sex wedding was held.
Source: msnbc.com, Apr. 14, 2013

New Conversation
Paragraph 25 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 25, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 25, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 24 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 24, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"On October 10, 1987, nearly 7,000 people witnessed a wedding on the National Mall in Washington, DC. Men and women cheered and threw rice and confetti as family, friends, and community members took part in the largest mass wedding in American history...

But this was no ordinary wedding. And these were not typical brides and grooms. This wedding held special significance for its participants. Beyond the 'mass' nature of the celebration, something else was unique. The newlyweds that fall Saturday paired off as brides and brides, grooms and grooms. 'The Wedding,' as it came to be known, marked the symbolic beginning of nearly 2,000 same-sex marriages."

Salon.com, "The Secret History of Gay Marriage," salon.com, Sep. 8, 2013

New Conversation
Paragraph 28 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 28, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 27 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 27, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 27, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 27, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 27, Sentence 4 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 27, Sentence 5 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 27, Sentence 6 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 26 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 26, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 26, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

July 1989 - Court Rulings Define Same-Sex Couples as Families

New Conversation
Paragraph 29 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 29, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"The New York State Court of Appeals declares that a lesbian or gay couple living together for a least ten years can be considered a family for purposes of rent control protection, the first time a state's highest court rules that a gay couple can be called a family...

New Conversation
Paragraph 30 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 30, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The California Bar Association urges that lesbian and gay marriage be legally recognized and in Seattle, San Francisco and other cities, 'partners' regulations extending certain protections and rights to unmarried couples, straight and gay, are adopted."

New Conversation
Paragraph 31 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 31, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Gay/Lesbian International News Network (GLINN), "GLINN's Timeline of Gay and Lesbian Family Issues," www.glinn.com/news (accessed Oct. 23, 2008)

New Conversation
Paragraph 32 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 32, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

1992 - Same-Sex Employees Begin to Receive Domestic Partner Benefits

New Conversation
Paragraph 33 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 33, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Domestic partners of employees of Levi Strauss & Co. are granted full medical benefits."

New Conversation
Paragraph 34 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 34, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"The province of Ontario, Canada, extends spousal benefits to same sex partners of government workers."

New Conversation
Paragraph 35 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 35, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"William Weld, governor of Massachusetts signs an executive order granting lesbian and gay state workers the same bereavement and family leave rights as heterosexual workers."

New Conversation
Paragraph 36 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 36, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Gay/Lesbian International News Network (GLINN), "GLINN's Timeline of Gay and Lesbian Family Issues," www.glinn.com/news (accessed Oct. 23, 2008)

New Conversation
Paragraph 37 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 37, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

May 1993 - Hawaii Supreme Court Rules on Same-Sex Marriages

New Conversation
Paragraph 38 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 38, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Hawaii Supreme Court rules the state cannot deny same-sex couples the right to marry unless it finds 'a compelling reason' to do so, and orders the issue back to the state legislature. Hawaii lawmakers pass amendment banning gay marriages."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Interactive Same-Sex Marriage Timeline," cnn.com, Feb. 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 40 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 40, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 39 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 39, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 39, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 1995 - Utah Governor Signs 'Defense of Marriage' Statute into Law

New Conversation
Paragraph 41 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 41, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Utah Gov. Mike Leavitt (R) signs into law the first state Defense of Marriage statute, which stipulates that Utah does not have to recognize out-of-state marriages that violate state public policy."

New Conversation
Paragraph 42 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 42, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, "Gay Marriage Timeline," pewforum.org, Apr. 1, 2008

New Conversation
Paragraph 43 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 43, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 43, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Sep. 21, 1996 - Clinton Signs Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)

New Conversation
Paragraph 44 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 44, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
President Bill Clinton.

President Bill Clinton.
Source: biography.com (accessed Sep. 16, 2013)

New Conversation
Paragraph 46 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 46, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 46, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 45 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 45, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"President Clinton signs Defense of Marriage Act into law. It defines marriage as 'a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife' and defines a spouse as 'a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife.' That definition affects 1,049 laws determining eligibility for federal benefits, rights or privileges."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Interactive Same-Sex Marriage Timeline," cnn.com, Feb. 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 48 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 48, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 47 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 47, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 47, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 47, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

May 1997 - Hawaii Becomes the First State to Offer Domestic Partnership Benefits to Same-Sex Couples

New Conversation
Paragraph 49 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 49, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Hawaii becomes the first state to mandate statewide domestic partnership benefits to same-sex couples. Called 'Reciprocal Beneficiaries,' these benefits cover less than 60 items (the law seems to be ambiguous on the exact number) and are offered only through certain businesses, some of which complained that the state has no business dictating employee policies. The Hawaii attorney general declared that she would not enforce the requirement for private employers to offer benefits."

New Conversation
Paragraph 50 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 50, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 50, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 50, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

National Conference of State Legislatures, "Civil Unions & Domestic Partnership Statutes," ncsl.org, Mar. 28, 2008

New Conversation
Paragraph 51 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 51, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 1998 - Alaska Superior Court Rules on Same-Sex Couples' Right to Marry

New Conversation
Paragraph 52 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 52, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Alaska Superior Court judge rules that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry but stays the decision pending appeals to the state Supreme Court."

New Conversation
Paragraph 53 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 53, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, "Gay Marriage Timeline," pewforum.org, Apr. 1, 2008

New Conversation
Paragraph 54 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 54, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 3, 1998 - Hawaii Voters Approve Constitutional Ban on Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 55 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 55, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Just as Hawaii's high court seemed poised to allow same-sex marriages, gay activists have seen their visions of legal weddings on the beaches of Maui disappear as voters approved Constitutional Amendment 2, giving the legislature power to 'reserve marriage to opposite-sex couples.'"

Cable News Network (CNN) "Hawaii Gives Legislature Power to Ban Same-Sex Marriage," cnn.com, Nov. 3, 1998

New Conversation
Paragraph 57 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 57, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 56 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 56, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 3, 1998 - Alaska Voters Approve Constitutional Amendment Limiting Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 58 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 58, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Voters in Alaska overwhelmingly approved a same-sex marriage ballot initiative Tuesday. Alaska's measure goes one step beyond Hawaii's measure, by amending the constitution to limit marriage to 'exist only between one man and one woman.'"

Cable News Network (CNN) "Hawaii Gives Legislature Power to Ban Same-Sex Marriage," cnn.com, Nov. 3, 1998

New Conversation
Paragraph 60 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 60, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 59 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 59, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 59, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Dec. 20, 1999 - Vermont Supreme Court Rules on Same-Sex Couples Benefits and Protections

New Conversation
Paragraph 61 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 61, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"We hold that the state is constitutionally required to extend to same-sex couples the common benefits and protections that flow from marriage under Vermont law...

Whether this ultimately takes the form of inclusion within the marriage laws themselves or a parallel 'domestic partnership' system or some equivalent statutory alternative, rests with the Legislature...

New Conversation
Paragraph 63 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 63, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Whatever system is chosen, however, must conform with the constitutional imperative to afford all Vermonters the common benefit, protection, and security of the law..."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Vermont's Top Court Backs Rights for Same-Sex Couples," cnn.com, Dec. 21, 1999

New Conversation
Paragraph 65 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 65, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 64 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 64, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 62 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 62, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 66 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 66, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 30, 2000 - US Rabbis Approve Gay Partnership

New Conversation
Paragraph 67 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 67, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Rabbi Charles Kroloff.

Rabbi Charles Kroloff.
Source: thecitizenscampaign.org (accessed Sep. 16, 2013)

New Conversation
Paragraph 69 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 69, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 69, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 68 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 68, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Rabbis belonging to the biggest and most liberal branch of Judaism in the United States have voted to recognise the partnerships of gay and lesbian couples.

The Central Conference of American Rabbis, which is part of the Jewish Reform movement, has agreed to sanction religious ceremonies for same-sex couples.

New Conversation
Paragraph 71 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 71, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The President of the Conference, Rabbi Charles Kroloff, said that gay and lesbian people deserved the recognition and respect due to people created in the image of God."

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) "US Rabbis Approve Gay Partnership," bbc.co.uk, Mar. 30, 2000

New Conversation
Paragraph 73 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 73, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 72 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 72, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 70 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 70, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Apr. 26, 2000 - Vermont Civil Union Bill Becomes Law

New Conversation
Paragraph 74 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 74, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Vermont’s governor signed landmark legislation yesterday making the state the first in the country to grant the full benefits of marriage to same-sex couples."

New Conversation
Paragraph 75 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 75, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Democracy Now!, "Vermont Civil Union Bill Becomes Law," democracynow.org, Apr. 27, 2000

New Conversation
Paragraph 76 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 76, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 2000 - Nebraska Voters Approve Constitutional Ban on Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 77 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 77, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Nebraska voters approve a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage."

New Conversation
Paragraph 78 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 78, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, "Gay Marriage Timeline," pewforum.org, Apr. 1, 2008

New Conversation
Paragraph 79 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 79, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Apr. 1, 2001 - Netherlands Becomes World's First Country to Legalize Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 80 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 80, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Helene Faasen and Anne-Marie Thus take part in the world's first legal gay marriage ceremony.

Helene Faasen and Anne-Marie Thus take part in the world's first legal gay marriage ceremony.
Source: Associated Press, Apr. 23, 2013

New Conversation
Paragraph 82 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 82, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 82, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 81 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 81, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"A Dutch law now allows same sex marriages, and today four couples became the world's first homosexuals to legally wed...

Holland, long among the gay rights vanguard, enacted a bill last year converting the countries registered same-sex partnerships into full-fledged marriages.

New Conversation
Paragraph 84 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 84, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Same-sex couples now have the same legal status as heterosexuals. They can divorce legally, claim pensions and other benefits, and adopt Dutch children. The couples are barred from adopting children overseas because of potential objections from countries that do not accept gay marriages.

New Conversation
Paragraph 85 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 85, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 85, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 85, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Under the new legislation, all references to gender in laws governing matrimony and adoption will be deleted in favor of the neutral-gender term, partner."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Same-Sex Marriage Legalized in Amsterdam," cnn.com, Apr. 1, 2001

New Conversation
Paragraph 87 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 87, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 86 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 86, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 83 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 83, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 2002 - Nevada Voters Approve Constitutional Ban on Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 88 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 88, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Nevada voters give final approval to a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage. Voters first approved the ban in 2000, but state law requires a majority vote in two consecutive election years to amend the constitution."

New Conversation
Paragraph 89 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 89, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 89, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, "Gay Marriage Timeline," pewforum.org, Apr. 1, 2008

New Conversation
Paragraph 90 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 90, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 13, 2003 - Belgium Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 91 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 91, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Belgium became the second country to legalize equal marriage on February 13, 2003 [the law took effect June 1, 2003], when King Albert II approved the bill, which had previously been passed by the Senate and Chamber of Representatives. Without fanfare, 91 of the 122 deputies in the Belgian Parliament voted for the change, which stipulates that only couples from countries with the freedom to marry can be married under Belgian law. Initially, gay and lesbian couples were not allowed to adopt children under the original legislation, but Parliament passed co-parenting for same-sex couples in 2006."

New Conversation
Paragraph 92 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 92, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 92, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 92, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Freedom to Marry, "International Progress Toward the Freedom to Marry," freedomtomarry.org (accessed Sep. 16, 2013)

New Conversation
Paragraph 93 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 93, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

May 21, 2003 - Federal Constitutional Marriage Amendment Introduced

New Conversation
Paragraph 94 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 94, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Rep. Marilyn Musgrave (R-CO 4th) introduces a proposed amendment to the Constitution of the United States (Bill #H.J. Res. 56), which declares: "Marriage in the United States shall consist only of the union of a man and a woman. Neither this Constitution or the constitution of any State, nor state or federal law, shall be construed to require that marital status or the legal incidents thereof be conferred upon unmarried couples or groups."

New Conversation
Paragraph 95 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 95, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 95, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 95, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

May 2003, US Library of Congress Federal Marriage Amendment - H.J. Res 56 (22.6KB)

New Conversation
Paragraph 96 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 96, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

June 10, 2003 - Ontario, Canada Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 97 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 97, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The highest court in Canada's largest province, Ontario, has ruled that gay and lesbian couples have the right to marry there. The ruling upholds a lower court decision and challenges the Canadian Government to change its laws on same-sex marriage. The appeals court ordered that gay couples seeking a legal union should be issued a marriage license immediately."

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) "Ontario Legalises Gay Marriage," bbc.co.uk, June 11, 2003

New Conversation
Paragraph 99 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 99, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 98 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 98, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 98, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 98, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

June 26, 2003 - US Supreme Court Strikes Down Sodomy Laws

New Conversation
Paragraph 100 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 100, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"U.S. Supreme Court [in a 6-3 decision] strikes down Texas sodomy state law banning private consensual sex between adults of the same sex. The court found that law and others like it violated the due process clause of the 14th Amendment. But legal analysts said the ruling enshrines for the first time a broad constitutional right to sexual privacy."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Supreme Court Strikes Down Texas Sodomy Law," cnn.com, Nov. 18, 2003

New Conversation
Paragraph 102 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 102, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 101 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 101, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 101, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 101, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

July 8, 2003 - British Columbia Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 103 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 103, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Two men exchanged their vows at the Vancouver Law Courts Tuesday, less than an hour after the B.C. Court of Appeal officially changed the legal definition of marriage."

Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) "Same-Sex Marriage in Canada," cbsnews.com (accessed Oct. 27, 2008)

New Conversation
Paragraph 105 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 105, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 104 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 104, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

July 31, 2003 - Vatican Begins Campaign Against Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 106 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 106, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The Vatican has launched a global campaign against gay marriages, warning Catholic politicians that support of same-sex unions is 'gravely immoral.' The Vatican issued a 12-page set of guidelines with the approval of Pope John Paul II in a bid to stem the increase in laws granting legal rights to homosexual unions in Europe and North America.

'Marriage exists solely between a man and woman... Marriage is holy, while homosexual acts go against the natural moral law,' the 12-page document by the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith said Thursday [July 31, 2003]."

New Conversation
Paragraph 108 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 108, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Cable News Network (CNN) "Vatican Fights Gay Marriages," cnn.com, July 31, 2003

New Conversation
Paragraph 109 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 109, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 107 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 107, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 107, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Aug. 1, 2003 - Constitutional Ban on Same-Sex Unions Gathers Sponsors

New Conversation
Paragraph 110 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 110, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Before the ruling [Supreme Court ruling that laws making gay sex a crime were unconstitutional], supporters in the House [US House of Representatives] of a constitutional amendment that would more formally restrict marriage to the union of a man and a woman were having trouble attracting sponsors. After the ruling, the number of co-sponsors has nearly quadrupled to 75."

Los Angeles Times Elizabeth Shogren, "Foes of Gay Marriage Find New Momentum," latimes.com, Aug. 1, 2003

New Conversation
Paragraph 112 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 112, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 111 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 111, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 111, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Aug. 18, 2003 - Poll Shows Majority of Americans Opposed to Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 113 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 113, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"More than half of Americans favor a law barring gay marriage and specifying wedlock be between a man and a woman, an Associated Press poll found. The survey also found presidential candidates could face a backlash if they support gay marriage or civil unions..."

Associated Press (AP) "Many Favor Law Barring Gay Marriage," ap.org, Aug. 18, 2003

New Conversation
Paragraph 115 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 115, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 114 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 114, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 114, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Sep. 19, 2003 - California Passes Domestic Partnership Law

New Conversation
Paragraph 116 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 116, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"On Friday, September 19, 2003, Governor Davis signed AB 205, The Domestic Partner Rights and Responsibilities Act of 2003, at the LGBT [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender] Center in San Francisco. This historic legislation, authored by Assemblymember Jackie Goldberg (D-Los Angeles) and sponsored by EQCA [Equality California], provides domestic partners with almost all of the same rights and responsibilities as spouses in a civil marriage."

New Conversation
Paragraph 117 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 117, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 117, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The Williams Institute, "Issues: Economics of Same-Sex Marriage - California," williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu (accessed Oct. 27, 2008)

New Conversation
Paragraph 118 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 118, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Oct. 28, 2003 - US President Bush Announces He Wants Marriage Reserved for Heterosexuals

New Conversation
Paragraph 119 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 119, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
President George W. Bush.

President George W. Bush.
Source: biography.com (accessed Sep. 16, 2013)

New Conversation
Paragraph 121 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 121, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 121, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 120 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 120, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Bush said it is 'important for society to welcome each individual...

I believe marriage is between a man and a woman, and I think we ought to codify that one way or another,' Bush told reporters at a White House news conference. 'And we've got lawyers looking at the best way to do that...'"

Cable News Network (CNN) "Bush Wants Marriage Reserved for Heterosexuals," cnn.com, Oct. 28, 2003

New Conversation
Paragraph 124 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 124, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 123 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 123, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 123, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 122 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 122, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 18, 2003 - State Supreme Court Decision Makes Massachusetts First US State to Legalize Gay Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 125 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 125, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts in a 4-3 ruling held that "barring an individual from the protections, benefits, and obligations of civil marriage solely because that person would marry a person of the same sex violates the Massachusetts Constitution...

New Conversation
Paragraph 126 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 126, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

'Marriage is a vital social institution,' wrote Chief Justice Margaret H. Marshall for the majority Justices. 'The exclusive commitment of two individuals to each other nurtures love and mutual support; it brings stability to our society...'"

New Conversation
Paragraph 127 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 127, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 127, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Hillary Goodridge & others vs. Department of Public Health & another, SJC-08860 (105KB), Nov. 18, 2003

New Conversation
Paragraph 128 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 128, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 12, 2004 - City of San Francisco Begins Marrying Same-Sex Couples

New Conversation
Paragraph 129 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 129, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"In an open challenge to California law, city authorities performed at least 15 same-sex weddings Thursday [Feb. 12, 2004] and issued about a dozen more marriage licenses to gay and lesbian couples."

Cable News Network (CNN) "San Francisco Weds Gay Couples," cnn.com, Feb. 12, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 131 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 131, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 130 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 130, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 20, 2004 - New Mexico County Begins Issuing Marriage Licenses to Same-Sex Couples

New Conversation
Paragraph 132 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 132, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"A county clerk issued marriage licenses Friday to at least 15 gay couples, some of whom then exchanged vows outside the courthouse, as more same-sex couples lined up for a chance to tie the knot...

...New Mexico law defines marriage as a contract between contracting parties but does not mention gender."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Gay Couples Marry in New Mexico," cnn.com, Feb. 20, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 135 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 135, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 134 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 134, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 133 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 133, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 20, 2004 - Cambodian King Backs Gay Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 136 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 136, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The king said that as a 'liberal democracy', Cambodia should allow 'marriage between man and man... or between woman and woman.' He said he had respect for homosexual and lesbians and said they were as they were because God loved a 'wide range of tastes.'"

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) "Cambodian King Backs Gay Marriage," bbc.co.uk, Feb. 20. 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 138 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 138, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 138, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 137 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 137, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 137, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 24, 2004 - President Bush Announces Support for Constitutional Amendment Banning Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 139 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 139, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"President Bush backed a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage Tuesday [Feb. 24, 2004], saying he wants to stop activist judges from changing the definition of the 'most enduring human institution.' Marriage cannot be severed from its cultural and moral roots, Bush said, urging Congress to approve such an amendment.

'After more than two centuries of American jurisprudence and millennia of human experience, a few judges and local authorities are presuming to change the most fundamental institution of civilization,' the president said. 'Their action has created confusion on an issue that requires clarity.'"

Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) "The Bush Presidency," cbsnews.com, Feb. 24, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 142 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 142, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 141 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 141, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 141, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 140 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 140, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 140, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 27, 2004 - New York Town of New Paltz Begins Marrying Same-Sex Couples

New Conversation
Paragraph 143 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 143, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Maj. Jeffrey McGowan and Billiam van Roestenberg taking marriage vows  in New Paltz, NY on Feb. 27, 2004.

Maj. Jeffrey McGowan and Billiam van Roestenberg taking marriage vows in New Paltz, NY on Feb. 27, 2004.
Source: Associated Press, Feb. 28, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 145 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 145, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 145, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 145, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 144 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 144, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The same-sex marriage controversy moved to a tiny Hudson River village, where the mayor of New Paltz, New York, began performing same-sex marriages Friday [Feb. 27, 2004]. Mayor Jason West said he considers it his 'moral obligation' to issue marriage licenses to gay couples."

Cable News Network (CNN) Jonathan Wald, "New York Town's Mayor Marries Same-Sex Couples," cnn.com, Feb. 28, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 147 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 147, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 146 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 146, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 146, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 3, 2004 - Gays Wed in Portland, Oregon

New Conversation
Paragraph 148 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 148, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"County officials began issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in Portland [Oregon] Wednesday [Mar. 3, 2004], joining the rapidly spreading national movement that has moved from San Francisco to upstate New York."

Associated Press (AP) "Gay Marriage Licenses Issued in Oregon," ap.org, Mar. 3, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 150 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 150, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 149 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 149, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 8, 2004 - California State Assemblywoman Marries

New Conversation
Paragraph 151 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 151, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"This city [San Francisco] once again saw the melding of the personal and political Monday [Mar. 8, 2004] when state Sen. Sheila Kuehl (D-Santa Monica) presided over the marriages of six couples who have long been active in the gay and lesbian community, including Assemblywoman Jackie Goldberg. In back-to-back ceremonies on the steps of the City Hall rotunda, Kuehl, California's first openly gay state legislator, pronounced her close friends and political colleagues married to tears and shouts of jubilation."

Los Angeles Times Lee Romney, "Goldberg and Partner Marry in San Francisco," latimes.com, Mar. 9, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 153 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 153, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 152 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 152, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 152, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 10, 2004 - Washington Post/ABC Poll Shows Support for Same-Sex Marriage Grows

New Conversation
Paragraph 154 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 154, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"About half the country -- 51 percent -- favors allowing gay couples to form civil unions with the same basic legal rights as married couples, up 6 percentage points in less than a month. A slightly larger majority also rejected amending the U.S. Constitution to ban same-sex marriages in favor of allowing states to make their own laws, an increase of 8 percentage points in recent weeks."

Washington Post "Poll Finds Growing Support for Gay Civil Unions," washingtonpost.com, Mar. 10, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 156 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 156, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 155 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 155, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 155, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 11, 2004 - California Supreme Court Orders Halt to San Francisco Same-Sex Weddings

New Conversation
Paragraph 157 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 157, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The California Supreme Court today [Mar. 11, 2004] ordered San Francisco officials to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples until the court can hold a hearing on gay marriages. The hearing would be held later this spring ... A Superior Court hearing has been scheduled for Mar. 29. If the state Supreme Court does not intervene, a final resolution to the legal challenges could take at least a year. If the case is permitted to go to trial, San Francisco officials said in their brief, the city will present evidence that 'relegating same-sex relationships to inferior, second-class status severely stigmatizes gay men, lesbians and their families.'"

Los Angeles Times "Court Orders San Francisco Officials to Halt Gay Marriages," latimes.com, Mar. 11, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 159 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 159, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 158 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 158, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 158, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 158, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 158, Sentence 4 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 15, 2004 - Spousal Benefits for Gays at the United Nations Challenged

New Conversation
Paragraph 160 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 160, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"A bloc of more than 50 Islamic states, backed by the Vatican, sought today to halt U.N. efforts to extend spousal benefits to partners of some gay employees. The initiative came less than two months after U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan moved to award benefits to partners of gay employees who come from countries where such benefits are provided, such as Belgium and the Netherlands...

The United Nations has recognized polygamy, a common practice in the Islamic world, as a legitimate form of marriage and permits employees to divide their benefits among more than one wife. But the decision to expand that right to same-sex partners has fueled intense opposition...

New Conversation
Paragraph 162 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 162, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 162, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The European Union, Canada, Australia and New Zealand defended Annan's decision on benefits for U.N. staffers. 'The European Union is satisfied with this practice and we see no reason why the secretary general's prerogative in this area should now be contested,' said Ireland's envoy, Margaret Stanley, speaking on behalf of the EU.

New Conversation
Paragraph 163 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 163, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 163, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

But conservative critics said the secretary general's decision represents an unwelcome assault on conservative values, and they vowed to take the fight to the U.N. Human Rights Commission in Geneva in the coming weeks. 'I have no doubt there will be very strong opposition from Islamic countries, from some Latin Americans and the Vatican,' said Austin Ruse, president of the Catholic Family and Human Rights Institute, which has worked closely with the Vatican at the United Nations."

Washington Post "UN Spousal Benefits for Gays in Dispute," washingtonpost.com, Mar. 16, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 165 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 165, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 164 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 164, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 164, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 161 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 161, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 161, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 16, 2004 - New York Times/CBS Poll Shows 59% Support Constitutional Amendment Restricting Marriage to 'a Man and a Woman'

New Conversation
Paragraph 166 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 166, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"By 59 percent to 35 percent, respondents said they supported a constitutional amendment that would 'allow marriage only between a man and a woman.' But 56 percent said that they did not view the issue as important enough to merit changing the nation's constitution."

New York Times "The 2004 Campaign: The Poll; Nation's Direction Prompts Voters' Concern, Poll Finds," nytimes.com, Mar. 16, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 168 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 168, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 167 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 167, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 167, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 19, 2004 - Quebec Ruling Paves Way for Gay Marriages

New Conversation
Paragraph 169 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 169, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"Homosexuals have the right to wed, Quebec's top court said Friday [Mar. 19, 2004], making it the third Canadian province to allow same-sex marriage. The Quebec Court of Appeal upheld a lower-court ruling that the traditional definition of marriage is discriminatory and unjustified."

New Conversation
Paragraph 170 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 170, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 170, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Boston Globe, "Quebec Court Paves Way for Gay Marriages," bostonglobe.com, Mar. 19, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 171 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 171, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 23, 2004 - Oregon County Bans All Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 172 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 172, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"In a new twist in the battle over same-sex marriage roiling the United States, a county in Oregon has banned all marriages -- gay and heterosexual -- until the state decides who can and who cannot wed.

The last marriage licenses were handed out in Benton County at 4 p.m. local time Tuesday [Mar. 23, 2004]. As of Wednesday, officials in the county of 79,000 people will begin telling couples applying for licenses to go elsewhere until the gay marriage debate is settled. 'It may seem odd,' Benton County Commissioner Linda Modrell told Reuters in a telephone interview, but 'we need to treat everyone in our county equally.'

New Conversation
Paragraph 174 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 174, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 174, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 174, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

State Attorney General Hardy Myers said in a statement that he was 'very pleased' with Benton County's decision. 'It is my sincere hope that the legal process will provide clarity for each of Oregon's counties.'"

Reuters "Gay-Marriage Debate in Missouri Sparks ‘Inflammatory’ Comments," reuters.com, Mar. 24, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 176 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 176, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 175 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 175, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 175, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 173 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 173, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 30, 2004 - Conservatives Testify Against Constitutional Amendment Banning Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 177 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 177, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Several high-profile conservative Americans testified at a Congressional hearing today [Mar. 30, 2004] in opposition to changing the U.S. Constitution. At today's House Judiciary subcommittee hearing around a constitutional amendment to ban marriage for same-sex couples, former Congressman Bob Barr and Wyoming State Sen. John Hanes -- both Republicans -- rejected tampering with the Constitution..."

'If we begin to treat the Constitution as our personal sandbox, in which to build and destroy castles as we please, we risk diluting the grandeur of having a Constitution in the first place,' said former Rep. Bob Barr, R-Ga., who penned the Defense of Marriage Act.

New Conversation
Paragraph 179 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 179, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Sen. Hanes added: 'Our goal as conservatives should be to avoid creating needless division, and instead let the people build their communities without federal interference.'"

Human Rights Campaign hrc.org, Mar. 30, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 181 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 181, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 180 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 180, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 178 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 178, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 178, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 31, 2004 - UK Grants 'Joint Rights' to Same-Sex Couples

New Conversation
Paragraph 182 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 182, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Gay and lesbian couples are to be given the chance to get similar legal rights to married couples under a new Civil Partnership Bill. The measures, unveiled on Wednesday, allows legal recognition for gay couples for the first time. The Bill gives the legal rights to same-sex couples who register their partnership at a civil ceremony.

Gay couples would not have to live together for a certain length of time to be eligible for the rights and if the partnership breaks up, there would be a formal court process for dissolving it."

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) "Gay Couples to Get Joint Rights," bbc.co.uk, Mar. 31, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 185 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 185, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 184 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 184, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 183 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 183, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 183, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 183, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Apr. 20, 2004 - Oregon Same-Sex Marriages Ordered Halted

New Conversation
Paragraph 186 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 186, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"A judge on Tuesday ordered Multnomah County to stop issuing marriage licenses to gay couples. The action effectively ends gay marriage nationally, because the county was the only jurisdiction in the country known to currently allow same-sex weddings."

Associated Press (AP) "Oregon Same-Sex Marriages Ordered Halted," ap.org, Apr. 20, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 188 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 188, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 187 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 187, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 187, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

May 17, 2004 - First Legal Gay Marriage in the United States

New Conversation
Paragraph 189 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 189, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Marcia Kadish and Tanya McCloskey, the first legally married same-sex couple in the United States.

Marcia Kadish and Tanya McCloskey, the first legally married same-sex couple in the United States.
Source: boston.com (accessed Sep. 17, 2013)

New Conversation
Paragraph 191 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 191, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 191, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 190 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 190, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"CAMBRIDGE, Mass., May 17 -- America's first gay marriage fully authorized by law took place here this morning when Tanya McCloskey, 52, and Marcia Kadish, 56, exchanged vows at the Cambridge City Hall."

Washington Post "Gay Couples Wed in Mass.," washingtonpost.com, May 17, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 193 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 193, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 192 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 192, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

June 10, 2004 - New York Court Backs Gay Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 194 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 194, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"A New York court has ruled in favour of gay marriages saying that failure to do so would breach the equal rights laws written into the state's constitution.

In its ruling the court in the town of New Paltz also dismissed the charges against local mayor Jason West who wed dozens of gay couples in February. It had been claimed that Mr West broke the law when he allowed the marriages."

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) "New York Court Backs Gay Marriage," bbc.co.uk, June 10, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 197 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 197, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 196 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 196, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 196, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 195 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 195, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

July 14, 2004 - Same-Sex Marriage Ban Fails in US Senate

New Conversation
Paragraph 198 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 198, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Efforts to pass a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage foundered Wednesday afternoon in the Senate when the proposal failed to garner enough votes to stay alive.

After final arguments by the leaders of each party, the Republicans mustered 48 votes, 12 short of the 60 they needed to overcome a procedural hurdle and move the proposed amendment to the floor.

New Conversation
Paragraph 200 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 200, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

'In 217 years, we've only amended that sacred document 17 times,' said Sen. Tom Daschle, D-South Dakota before the vote. 'There have been 11,000 separate attempts.'

New Conversation
Paragraph 201 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 201, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 201, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

There is no urgent need to amend the Constitution now, he said.

New Conversation
Paragraph 202 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 202, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

But Sen. Bill Frist disagreed. 'It has become clear to legal scholars ... that same-sex marriage will be exported to all 50 states,' said the majority leader, from Tennessee.

New Conversation
Paragraph 203 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 203, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 203, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

'Will activist judges not elected by the American people destroy the institution of marriage, or will the people protect marriage as the best way to raise children? My vote is with the people.'"

Cable News Network (CNN) "Same-sex Marriage Senate Battle Over, War Is Not," cnn.com, July 15, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 205 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 205, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 204 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 204, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 204, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 199 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 199, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Aug. 3, 2004 - Missouri Votes to Ban Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 206 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 206, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Missouri voters solidly endorsed a state constitutional amendment banning gay marriage..."

Associated Press (AP) "Missouri Voters Approve Gay Marriage Ban; Vote Seen as Bellwether for Other States," ap.org, Aug. 4, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 208 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 208, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 207 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 207, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Aug. 4, 2004 - Seattle Judge Approves Same-Sex Marriages

New Conversation
Paragraph 209 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 209, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Gay couples can be married under Washington state law, because denying their right to do so is a violation of their constitutional rights, a judge ruled Wednesday [Aug. 4, 2004].

'The denial to the plaintiffs of the right to marry constitutes a denial of substantive due process,' King County Superior Court Judge William L. Downing said in his ruling."

Associated Press (AP) "Washington Judge OKs Same-Sex Marriage," ap.org, Aug. 4, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 212 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 212, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 211 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 211, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 210 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 210, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Aug. 12, 2004 - California Supreme Court Voids Same-Sex Marriages

New Conversation
Paragraph 213 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 213, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Thousands of marriages sanctioned in San Francisco earlier this year were voided Thursday when the California Supreme Court ruled that city's mayor overstepped his authority by issuing licenses to gay and lesbian couples. San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom said the city would appeal the 5-2 ruling by the state's high court...

In its ruling Thursday, the court said San Francisco illegally issued the certificates and performed the wedding ceremonies, since state law defined marriage as a union between a man and woman. The justices nullified the nearly 4,000 marriages performed between February 12 and Mar. 11, when the court halted the weddings.

New Conversation
Paragraph 215 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 215, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 215, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The court did not resolve whether the California Constitution would permit a same-sex marriage, ruling instead on the limits of authority regarding local government officials.

New Conversation
Paragraph 216 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 216, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The high court's ruling ordered city and county officials to 'take all necessary remedial steps to undo the continuing effects of the officials' past unauthorized actions, including making appropriate corrections to all relevant official records and notifying all affected same-sex couples that the same-sex marriages authorized by the officials are void and of no legal effect.'"

Cable News Network (CNN) "California High Court Voids Same-Sex Marriage," cnn.com, Aug. 13, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 218 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 218, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 217 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 217, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 214 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 214, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 214, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Aug. 24, 2004 - Vice President Dick Cheney Sees Same-Sex Marriage as a State Issue

New Conversation
Paragraph 219 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 219, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Dick Cheney with his openly gay daughter Mary Cheney.

Dick Cheney with his openly gay daughter Mary Cheney.
Source: dailycaller.com, June 22, 2012

New Conversation
Paragraph 221 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 221, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 221, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 220 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 220, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Vice President Cheney spelled out his differences with President Bush on the volatile issue of gay marriage Tuesday [Aug. 24, 2004] while making his most revealing public comments so far about the sexual orientation of his gay daughter.

Asked his position on the subject at a town hall meeting here, Cheney replied: 'Lynne and I have a gay daughter, so it's an issue that our family is very familiar with. . . . With respect to the question of relationships, my general view is that freedom means freedom for everyone. People . . . ought to be free to enter into any kind of relationship they want to.'

New Conversation
Paragraph 223 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 223, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 223, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 223, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 223, Sentence 4 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 223, Sentence 5 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 223, Sentence 6 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Cheney went on to reiterate the position he first outlined in the 2000 campaign -- that same-sex marriage should be left to the states to decide. He noted, however, that Bush has endorsed a constitutional amendment preventing the states from recognizing such marriages.

New Conversation
Paragraph 224 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 224, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 224, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

'At this point . . . my own preference is as I've stated,' Cheney said. 'But the president makes basic policy for the administration. And he's made it.'"

Washington Post "Cheney Sees Gay Marriage as State Issue," washingtonpost.com, Aug. 25, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 226 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 226, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 225 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 225, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 225, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 225, Sentence 3 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 222 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 222, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Sep. 18, 2004 - Same-Sex Marriage Ban Approved in Louisiana

New Conversation
Paragraph 227 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 227, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Louisiana voters overwhelmingly approved a state constitutional amendment Saturday [Sep. 18, 2004] banning same-sex marriages and civil unions, one of up to 12 such measures on the ballot around the country this year."

Associated Press (AP) "Louisiana Voters Approve Same-Sex Marriage Amendment," ap.org, Sep. 20, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 229 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 229, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 228 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 228, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Sep. 30, 2004 - US House of Representatives Rejects Same-Sex Marriage Ban

New Conversation
Paragraph 230 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 230, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The House joined the Senate yesterday in refusing to approve a constitutional amendment to bar same-sex marriage, described by Republican supporters as a vital protection for traditional families but denounced by Democratic foes as a divisive pre-election ploy to inflame prejudice.

The vote by the GOP-controlled House was 227 to 186 in favor of writing the same-sex marriage ban into the Constitution, 49 short of the two-thirds majority needed to approve an amendment and send it to the states for ratification.

New Conversation
Paragraph 232 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 232, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The Senate, also controlled by Republicans, voted 50 to 48 in July against taking up the amendment."

Washington Post "House Rejects Same-Sex Marriage Ban," washingtonpost.com, Oct. 1, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 234 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 234, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 233 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 233, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 231 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 231, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 2, 2004 - 11 US States Pass Initiatives to Ban Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 235 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 235, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Measures banning same-sex marriage passed by wide margins in all 11 states that had them on Tuesday's [Nov. 2, 2004] ballot, in what conservative groups described yesterday [Nov. 3, 2004] as a sweeping popular rejection of a Massachusetts court's decision to allow gay marriage in that state."

Washington Post "Same-Sex Bans Fuel Conservative Agenda," washingtonpost.com, Nov. 4, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 237 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 237, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

(Note: Click here to see a recap of those 11 measures.)

New Conversation
Paragraph 238 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 238, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 236 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 236, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Nov. 29, 2004 - US Supreme Court Declines to Review Massachusetts' Same-Sex Marriage Law

New Conversation
Paragraph 239 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 239, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The Supreme Court on Monday [Nov. 29, 2004] sidestepped a dispute over same-sex marriages, rejecting a challenge to the nation's only law sanctioning such unions."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Supreme Court Declines Massachusetts Same-Sex Marriage Fight Conservatives Had Challenged State Law Allowing Unions," cnn.com, Nov. 29, 2004

New Conversation
Paragraph 241 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 241, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 240 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 240, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 242 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 242, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 4, 2005 - State Judge Rules That New York Ban on Same-Sex Marriage Is Illegal

New Conversation
Paragraph 243 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 243, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"A New York State judge in Manhattan ruled yesterday (Feb. 4, 2005) that a state law that effectively denied gay couples the right to marry violated the state Constitution, a decision that raised the possibility that the city would begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples as soon as next month.

The ruling, by Justice Doris Ling-Cohan, was the first on the state level to side with proponents of gay marriage. In her 62-page decision, she wrote that the state's Domestic Relations Law, which dates to 1909 and limits marriage to unions between opposite-sex couples, deprived gay couples of equal protection and due process rights under the state Constitution.

New Conversation
Paragraph 245 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 245, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 245, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

She likened the law to those that once barred interracial marriages and said that words currently used in defining legal marriages - husband and wife, groom and bride - 'shall be construed to apply equally to either men or women.'"

New York Times "Judge's Ruling Opens Window for Gay Marriage in New York City," nytimes.com, Feb. 5, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 247 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 247, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 246 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 246, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 244 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 244, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Feb. 23, 2005 - Pope Calls Same-Sex Marriage 'Evil'

New Conversation
Paragraph 248 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 248, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Pope John Paul II.

Pope John Paul II.
Source: biography.com (accessed Sep. 16, 2013)

New Conversation
Paragraph 250 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 250, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 250, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 249 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 249, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Homosexual marriages are part of 'a new ideology of evil' that is insidiously threatening society, Pope John Paul says in his newly published book.... In one section about the role of lawmakers, the Pope takes another swipe at gay marriages when he refers to 'pressures' on the European Parliament to allow them.

'It is legitimate and necessary to ask oneself if this is not perhaps part of a new ideology of evil, perhaps more insidious and hidden, which attempts to pit human rights against the family and against man,' he writes."

Reuters "Pope Calls Gay Marriage Part of 'Ideology of Evil,'" reuters.com, Feb. 23, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 253 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 253, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 252 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 252, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 251 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 251, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Mar. 14, 2005 - Judge Rules California Same-Sex Marriage Ban Is Unconstitutional

New Conversation
Paragraph 254 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 254, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"A judge ruled today [Mar. 14, 2005] that California can no longer justify limiting marriage to a man and a woman, a legal milestone that if upheld on appeal would pave the way for the nation's most populous state to follow Massachusetts in allowing same-sex couples to wed...

'The state's protracted denial of equal protection cannot be justified simply because such constitutional violation has become traditional,' Kramer wrote."

Associated Press (AP) "Judge Says Calif. Can't Ban Gay Marriage," ap.org, Mar. 14, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 257 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 257, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 257, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 256 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 256, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 255 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 255, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Apr. 4, 2005 - Kansas Voters Approve Constitutional Ban on Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 258 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 258, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Voters in Kansas overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment banning same-sex couples from marrying or entering into civil unions. With more than half of the precincts reporting, 298,647 votes, or 70 percent, were cast in favor of a amendment, with 128,366, or 30 percent, opposed."

New York Times "Kansas: Voters Approve Amendment Banning Same-Sex Marriage," nytimes.com, Apr. 5, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 260 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 260, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 259 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 259, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 259, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Apr. 14, 2005 - Oregon Court Voids Same-Sex Marriage Licenses

New Conversation
Paragraph 261 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 261, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The Oregon Supreme Court on Thursday (Apr. 14, 2005) nullified nearly 3,000 marriage licenses issued to same-sex couples by Multnomah County a year ago, saying a single county couldn't take such action on its own. The court said while the county can question the constitutionality of laws governing marriage, they are a matter of statewide concern so the county had no authority to issue licenses to gay couples."

Cable News Network (CNN) "Oregon Court Voids Same-Sex Marriage Licenses," cnn.com, Apr. 14, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 263 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 263, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 262 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 262, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 262, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Apr. 20, 2005 - Connecticut Approves Same-Sex Civil Unions

New Conversation
Paragraph 264 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 264, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Connecticut on Wednesday [Apr. 20, 2005] became the second state to offer civil unions to gay couples -- and the first to do so without being forced by the courts...

The Senate approved the amended bill Wednesday 26-8. The law takes effect October 1."

Associated Press (AP) "Connecticut OKs Civil Unions for Gay Couples," ap.org, Apr. 20, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 267 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 267, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 266 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 266, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 266, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 265 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 265, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

Apr. 25, 2005 - Navajo Nation Bans Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 268 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 268, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The Navajo Nation has forbidden same-sex marriages on its Arizona reservation. The Tribal Council voted unanimously in favor of legislation that recognizes only the union of one man and one woman, and prohibits marriages between close relatives.

'Men and women have been created in a sacred manner,' delegate Harriet K. Becenti said."

Los Angeles Times "Navajo Council Bars Same-Sex Marriage," latimes.com, Apr. 25, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 271 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 271, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New Conversation
Paragraph 270 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 270, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 269 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 269, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 269, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

June 30, 2005 - Spain Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 272 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 272, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Deputy Prime Minister Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega, and members of Spain's Parliament applaud the passage of the same-sex marriage bill.

Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Deputy Prime Minister Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega, and members of Spain's Parliament applaud the passage of the same-sex marriage bill.
Source: Associated Press, June 30, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 274 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 274, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 274, Sentence 2 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 273 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 273, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

"The Spanish Parliament gave final approval today [June 30, 2005] to a bill legalizing same-sex marriage, making Spain only the second nation to eliminate all legal distinctions between same-sex and heterosexual unions, according to supporters of the bill.

New Conversation
Paragraph 275 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 275, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

The measure, passed by a vote of 187 to 147, establishes that couples will have the same rights, including the freedom to marry and to adopt children, regardless of gender."

New Conversation
Paragraph 276 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 276, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

New York Times "Spain Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage," nytimes.com, June 30, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 277 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 277, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.

July 4, 2005 - United Church of Christ Backs Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 278 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 278, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"The United Church of Christ became the first mainline Christian denomination to support same-sex marriage officially when its general synod passed a resolution on Monday [July 4, 2005] affirming 'equal marriage rights for couples regardless of gender.'"

New York Times "United Church of Christ Backs Same-Sex Marriage," nytimes.com, July 5, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 280 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 280, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 279 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 279, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

July 20, 2005 - Canada Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage

New Conversation
Paragraph 281 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 281, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
"Canada signed gay marriage legislation into law Wednesday [July 20, 2005], becoming the fourth nation to grant full legal rights to same-sex couples."

San Francisco Chronicle "Canada OKs Gay Marriage," sfgate.com, July 25, 2005

New Conversation
Paragraph 283 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 283, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 282 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 282, Sentence 1 0
No sentence-level conversations. Start one.
New Conversation
Paragraph 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.

Aug. 2005 - California Supreme Court Establishes Co-Parenting Rights for Same-Sex Couples

New Conversation
Paragraph 284 0
No paragraph-level conversations. Start one.