Henry L. Dumas

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Nacido

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Enrique Dumas

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20 de julio 1934

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Sweet Home , Arkansas , EE.UU.

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Murió

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23 de mayo 1968 (33 años)

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Harlem , Nueva York , Nueva York , EE.UU.

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Ocupación

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poeta , cortometraje de ficciónescritor , maestro

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Etnia

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Afroamericano

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Movimiento literario

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Negro Estética

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Cónyuge

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Loretta Ponton

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Niños

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2

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Enrique Dumas (20 julio 1934 hasta 23 mayo 1968) fue un afroamericano escritor y poeta . Se le ha llamado "un genio absoluto" de Toni Morrison , [1] que como editor de la puesta en Random House publicó colecciones tanto de su poesía, el juego Ebony, Play Marfil, [2] y sus cuentos, Arca de Bones. [ 3]

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Contenido

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Biografía

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Dumas nació en Sweet Home, Arkansas , en 1934 y vivió allí hasta los diez años, cuando se mudó a la ciudad de Nueva York ; sin embargo, siempre mantuvo con él las tradiciones religiosas y populares de su ciudad natal. En Harlem , asistió a la escuela pública y se graduó de Comercio High School en 1953. Después de graduarse, se matriculó en la Fuerza Aérea y estaba destinado en la Base Aérea Lackland en San Antonio , Tejas , donde conoció a su futura esposa, Loretta Ponton. La pareja se casó en 1955 y tuvo dos hijos, David, en 1958 y en 1962. Michael Dumas estaba en el ejército hasta 1957, momento en que se matriculó en la Universidad de Rutgers , pero nunca alcanzó un grado. En 1967 Dumas comenzó a trabajar en la Universidad del Sur de Illinois como un maestro, consejero y director de su "Experimento en la Educación Superior" programa. Fue allí donde conoció a su compañero maestro y poetaEugene Redmond , formando una estrecha relación de colaboración que resultaría tan integral de la carrera póstuma de Dumas.

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Durante su vida, Dumas fue activo en los derechos civiles y los esfuerzos humanitarios, incluido el transporte de alimentos y ropa a los manifestantes en Mississippi y Tennessee . Mientras servía en el ejército, que pasó dieciocho meses a Dhahran Air Force Base en Arabia Saudita , donde desarrolló un interés por la lengua , la cultura , la religión y la mitología del árabemundo.

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Le dispararon a muerte a la edad de 33 de un blanco la ciudad de Nueva York Autoridad de Tránsito del oficial de policía en la estación de la calle 135, en un caso de "identidad equivocada" el 23 de mayo de 1968. [4] El trágico incidente ejemplifica la posición de los negros en América en la década de 1960. Su muerte se menciona en el poema "An Alphabet of My Dead", de poeta laureado Robert Pinsky .

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Publicación

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Primera colección de cuentos de Dumas era Arca de Huesos y otros cuentos, publicados en 1974, a título póstumo editado por su amigo, el poeta Eugene Redmond, quien también editó otros volúmenes de su obra, incluyendo su colección de poesía, Jugar Ebony, Juego de Marfil (1974) . Libros posteriores incluyen una novela inacabada, Jonás y la Piedra Verde (1976), Cuerda de viento y otros cuentos (1979), Adiós, Sweetwater: Historias Nuevos y seleccionados (1988) y las rodillas de un hombre natural: La Poesía seleccionada de Enrique Dumas . [5]

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Su cuento "¿El Circle Be Unbroken?" fue incluido en el 2004 Materia Oscura: Leyendo los huesos antología editada por Sheree Thomas .

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Influencias

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Dumas fue influenciado por el jazz , estudiando con Sun Ra a mediados de la década de 1960, ya su vez influenciado a músicos de jazz. Por ejemplo, su poema "Negro Paladines" se convirtió en la canción que da título para una grabación por Joseph Jarman y Famoudou Don Moye .

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Dumas reclamó algunas de sus primeras influencias para ser mamás Mabley y la música gospel . Sus experiencias como un niño negro que crece en el sur durante los años 1930 y '40 eran temas frecuentes en sus escritos. Su tiempo dedicado a la Península Arábiga influyó en él también, y finalmente atrajo no sólo en el cristianismo y el Islam negro , pero en el misticismo sufí ,el hinduismo , el budismo , y los nativos americanos y africanos mitos y religiones. En la década de 1960 Dumas se involucró tanto con el movimiento del Poder Negro y el Movimiento de Arte Negro , sumergiéndose en la música: los evangelios , los espirituales , el jazz y el blues . Escritor Margaret Walker y músicos James Brown y John Coltrane resultaron ser mayores influencias en su escritura en este momento.

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Tanto su ficción y su poesía desarrollaron temas del movimiento Negro Estética , además de temas de la naturaleza y el mundo natural.

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Otras lecturas

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  • Eugene B. Redmond, introducción a Ark of Bones 'y otros cuentos, 1974.

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  • Carolyn A. Mitchell, "Henry Dumas", en el Diccionario de la biografía literaria, vol.

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    41, poetas afro-americanos desde 1955, eds.

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    Trudier Harris y Thadious M. Davis, 1985, pp. 89-99.

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  • Eugene B. Redmond, "Las voces antiguas y recientes en Enrique Dumas", introducción a Adiós Sweetwater, 1988.

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  • Eugene B. Redmond, "Poeta Enrique Dumas: corredor de fondo, estabilizador, Distiller", introducción a las rodillas de un hombre natural: La Poesía seleccionada de Enrique Dumas,1989.

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  • Dana A. Williams, "Realización de los Huesos vivir de nuevo: Una mirada a los" Huesos Popular en agosto Wilson 's Joe Turner ido y venido y Enrique Dumas' Ark of Bones ",Asociación Colegio Idioma Diario 42: 3 (marzo de 1999) : 309-19.

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  • Jeffrey B. Fuga, Visible Hombre La vida de Enrique Dumas , Univ of Georgia Press (2014) ISBN 978-0-8203-2870-6

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Referencias

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  1. ^ Toni Morrison, "En nombre de Enrique Dumas", Negro Foro Literatura Americana, vol.

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    22, No. 2, Henry Dumas Edición (verano, 1988), pp. 310-312.

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  2. ^ Enrique Dumas, Play ébano, marfil Juego: Poesía.

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    Editado por Eugene B. Redmond.

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    Nueva York: Random House, 1974.

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  3. ^ Enrique Dumas, Arca de Huesos y otras historias.

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    Editado por Eugene B. Redmond.

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    Nueva York: Random House, 1974.

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  4. ^ a Scott Saúl: "El diablo y Enrique Dumas - Una voz perdida del Movimiento Arte Negro", Boston Review, octubre / noviembre de 2004.

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  5. ^ Trudier Harris, "Henry Dumas". El compañero de Oxford a la literatura americana africana.

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    Oxford University Press, Inc., 2001, 2002. Obtenido de Answers.com.

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Enlaces externos

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Obtenido de " http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Dumas&oldid=656279092 "

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Categorías :

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