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The Refugees at Our Door

Author: Sonia Nazario

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Hermanos en el Camino, an immigrant shelter in southern Mexico. Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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In the past 15 months, at the request of President Obama, Mexico has carried out a ferocious crackdown on refugees fleeing violence in Central America. The United States has given Mexico tens of millions of dollars for the fiscal year that ended Sept. 30 to stop these migrants from reaching the United States border to claim asylum.

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Jun 11
ZENG CEMING (Jun 11 2018 1:16PM) : I think it's mostly about police catch the refugees who selling drug then sent they to jail and police should not arrested the normal refugees. more

That’s right,police should not arrested those poor refugee.

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May 25
Nurik Nursulton Mukhamadkulov (May 25 2016 9:42AM) : Crackdown means getting rid of illegal behavior in an extreme way.
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May 25
joseph nunez (May 25 2016 2:21PM) : that means that police enforcements are doing everything they can to make the drug dealer go to jail
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May 25
Arian Gonzalez (May 25 2016 2:38PM) : facts
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May 26
Steven Polanco (May 26 2016 9:38AM) : I agree with what you're saying they should go to jail for selling drugs.
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May 26
Christopher Morales (May 26 2016 1:44PM) : I agree that Obama is doing the right thing
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This comment was deleted by louise bauso at May 25 2016 10:10AM.

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May 25
Mr Edisson Ruiz (May 25 2016 9:52AM) : ferocious can mean savage, or very cruel savage can mean a wild thing, or animal [Edited]
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May 25
Mr. saul torres (May 25 2016 12:00PM) : I thought is was only use for people if the were being bad not for animals
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May 26
louise bauso (May 26 2016 1:30PM) : Saul, in this sentence, ferocious means very cruel.
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May 26
Mr Edisson Ruiz (May 26 2016 1:45PM) : savage, furious & wild mean more

also with the ppl when you get angry with

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This comment was deleted by louise bauso at May 26 2016 1:30PM.

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May 25
Tomas Munoz (May 25 2016 2:20PM) : do they have food to eat ? [Edited]
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May 25
Chris Torrea (May 25 2016 2:23PM) : they use to have food but not anymore... [Edited]
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May 25
Jonathan Castillo (May 25 2016 2:33PM) : People should not be suffering like this they deserve better. more

They don’t have food because they are homeless and then don’t have any shelter either

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May 26
Mr Edisson Ruiz (May 26 2016 1:30PM) : missing vital resourses more

that’s clear
agree

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May 25
Jonathan Castillo (May 25 2016 2:36PM) : They are homeless and cannot buy anything more

They have no food

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May 31
Francisco Sanchez (May 31 2016 11:33AM) : no they dont more

thats why they look so skinny’sin the picture they are poor people that does not have nothing to do or where to go to work cause they country can offer them a job,i think that the worst part

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Jun 11
BRIANT AVILES MOTINO (Jun 11 2018 1:17PM) : I think yes they have food, I think somebody from the house give them food more
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Jun 11
BRIANT AVILES MOTINO (Jun 11 2018 1:17PM) : I think yes
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May 25
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 25 2016 2:24PM) : It is clear that Mexico and the United States President were having a nice communication in some refugees trouble. [Edited]
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May 25
Leslie Menjivar (May 25 2016 2:29PM) : So you are saying, they were agree in every solution they have made to stop migrants?
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May 25
joseph nunez (May 25 2016 2:33PM) : will the U.S ever let people who are indager immigtate
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May 25
joseph nunez (May 25 2016 2:36PM) : they are going hungry
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May 26
Rayid Alsufiani (May 26 2016 1:25PM) : The fiscal year refers to one year
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May 26
louise bauso (May 26 2016 1:31PM) : That means that the US has given Mexico a lot of money in one year to arrest immigrants like Enrique.
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May 26
Fabiel Pichardo (May 26 2016 1:51PM) : but in that spent by the wave of crime every day is worse
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May 25
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 25 2016 2:38PM) : Asylum is a type of refugee.
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May 26
louise bauso (May 26 2016 1:32PM) : That means that these migrants are refugees and they should not be arrested!
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May 26
Mohamed Kader (May 26 2016 1:40PM) : asylum refer to protection from the united Nation if you refuge [Edited]
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May 26
Ms Lady Espinoza (May 26 2016 1:50PM) : An institution offering shelter and support to people who are mentally ill or another case for the old person.
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May 26
Mr Leonardo Guartan (May 26 2016 1:52PM) : Eso es verdad.

Essentially the United States has outsourced a refugee problem to Mexico that is similar to the refugee crisis now roiling Europe.

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May 25
Steven Polanco (May 25 2016 2:38PM) : I don't get this part, because is kind of confusing.
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May 26
Jerry Jean-baptiste (May 26 2016 9:22AM) : Are they saying the refugee in mexico is similar to the one in Europe.
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May 26
Cris Lopez (May 26 2016 1:34PM) : how?
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May 26
Glenis Reinoso (May 26 2016 1:34PM) : It is similar because it is illegal but Mexico is more dangerous.
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May 26
louise bauso (May 26 2016 1:35PM) : Yes. They are comparing Central American migrants to Syrian refugees, who have been in the news a lot this year.
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May 26
Fabiel Pichardo (May 26 2016 1:36PM) : How can be this similar than europe? In Europe countries are give them refugee and they dont migrate like the people who cross for mexico.

“The U.S. government is sponsoring the hunting of migrants in Mexico to prevent them from reaching the U.S.,” says Christopher Galeano, who spent last summer researching what’s happening in Mexico for human rights groups there. “It is forcing them to go back to El Salvador, Honduras, to their deaths.”

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May 25
Iqra Bhatti (May 25 2016 2:31PM) : Sponsoring is takes the responsibility for someone or something.
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May 25
Francisco Sanchez (May 25 2016 2:39PM) : AND HUNTING /
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May 25
louise bauso (May 25 2016 2:43PM) : and outsourcing means sending work to another country. In other words, the U.S. is making Mexico (La Migra) do the job of the U.S. (Border Patrol).
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May 25
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 25 2016 2:36PM) : This means that the United States are being smart to reduce the arrival of so many immigrants to the country.
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May 26
louise bauso (May 26 2016 1:32PM) : But if these people are in danger, shouldn't they be allowed to come to a safe place?
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May 31
Francisco Sanchez (May 31 2016 11:38AM) : they should but its no way they can do it
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May 26
Mr. saul torres (May 26 2016 1:38PM) : SPONSORING is to help a person or a company with money [Edited]
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I went to Mexico last month to see the effects of the crackdown against migrants, who are being hunted down on a scale never seen before and sent back to countries where gangs and drug traffickers have taken control of whole sections of territory. More than a decade ago, I rode on top of seven freight trains up the length of Mexico with child migrants to chronicle hellish experiences at the hands of gangs, bandits and corrupt cops who preyed on youngsters as they journeyed north. Compared with today, that trip was child’s play.

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May 26
Areej Muraad (May 26 2016 9:38AM) : I disagree because they can just send them back to their country rather than hurting them.
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May 26
Mr. saul torres (May 26 2016 1:46PM) : if there hunting them down to bring back to were they came from but if the bring them to there country they might be putting them in danger they should check if they would be safe back in there country more
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May 26
Glenis Reinoso (May 26 2016 1:39PM) : The gangs have taken control of immigrants.
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May 25
louise bauso (May 25 2016 2:45PM) : What is she saying about immigration today compared to what she described in Enrique's Journey?
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May 26
Edgar Parada (May 26 2016 1:29PM) : That means that if Enrique would do it like today, that's not gonna even be hard for him to travel and fin his mom.
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May 26
louise bauso (May 26 2016 1:37PM) : Exactly. "Child's play" means something easy. Today, Enrique's journey seems easy (even though it wasn't!)
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May 26
Mr Leonardo Guartan (May 26 2016 1:55PM) : :V

In a migrant shelter in Ixtepec, Mexico, I met July Elizabeth Pérez, 32, who was clutching her 3-year-old daughter, Kimberly Julieth Medina, tight in her arms, and keeping a careful eye on her two other children, 6-year-old-Luis Danny Pérez and 12-year-old Naamá Pérez. She arrived at this shelter after fleeing San Pedro Sula, a city where she grew up and worked as a waitress but that is now the deadliest town in Honduras, a country with one of the highest homicide rates in the world.

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May 25
Ronny Estrella (May 25 2016 2:23PM) : Shelter mean a place giving temporary protection from bad weather or danger particularly when people are homeless.
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May 25
Francisco Sanchez (May 25 2016 2:38PM) : WHAT IS SPONSORING MEAN ?
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May 26
joseph nunez (May 26 2016 9:35AM) : a person who makes a promise on behalf of another
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May 26
Glenis Reinoso (May 26 2016 1:50PM) : Sponsor means a person who is responsible for any work or project.
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May 25
Ronny Estrella (May 25 2016 2:29PM) : Ixtepec is a place on Oaxaca mexico. [Edited]
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May 25
mohamed athie (May 25 2016 2:39PM) : why did he rode on top of a seven freight train up the length of mexico?
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May 25
louise bauso (May 25 2016 2:44PM) : The author of this article is Sonia Nazario, the author of Enrique's Journey. Remember, she rode on the trains while she was preparing to write the book. Go back and read the prologue.
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May 25
louise bauso (May 25 2016 2:45PM) : What do we know about Oaxacan people from Enrique's Journey?
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May 26
Mr Edisson Ruiz (May 26 2016 1:25PM) : meetings
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She was aiming to reach the United States, where her mother and grandmother live legally in Florida — 3,000 miles away.

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May 26
Rayid Alsufiani (May 26 2016 1:48PM) : If you aim for something, it is your goal. In other words, she was trying to reach the United States.
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She got less than 300 miles inside Mexico’s southern border to the migrant shelter, and that took 20 terrifying days. Four times, Mexican state and federal police stopped buses she and her children were on. She cried. She bribed them. Other times, she and her three children got out of taxis or buses to walk around checkpoints.

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May 26
Cris Lopez (May 26 2016 1:42PM) : i am sunrise she walk more than 300 mile
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May 25
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 25 2016 2:40PM) : Offered!!
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May 26
Mr. Juan Carlos (May 26 2016 1:32PM) : :v
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May 26
Steven Polanco (May 26 2016 9:47AM) : Bribed means money or other valuable consideration given or promised.
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July Elizabeth Pérez with one of her daughters, 3-year old Kimberly Julieth Medina, and her only living son, 6-year-old Luis Danny Pérez, at the Hermanos en el Camino shelter in Ixtepec, Mexico. Credit: Kate Orlinsky for The New York Times

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After walking 12 hours around a mountain, they waited, exhausted, for seven days until a freight train left. July hid in a cubbyhole at the end of a freight car with her children, but 15 minutes later some men stopped it and shot toward those aboard. “Sons of bitches, we are going to kill you!” they yelled at the migrants.

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May 26
Areej Muraad (May 26 2016 9:47AM) : I agree that the migrants have to really struggle to cross the border. Not everyone get across it. It's your luck if you get through it.
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May 26
Edgar Parada (May 26 2016 1:39PM) : Im agree with this comment! :)
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May 26
Mr Leonardo Guartan (May 26 2016 1:41PM) : :v
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May 30
Iqra Bhatti (May 30 2016 7:38PM) : I agree that the migrants having problem to the cross border.
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Jun 11
Zheng Feng (Jun 11 2018 1:04PM) : But they have no choice, this is the part of their life they must be through.
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May 25
Areej Muraad (May 25 2016 2:30PM) : cubbyhole is a small hole or space for storing things [Edited]
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May 25
Ronald Leonardo (May 25 2016 2:31PM) : Cubbyhole can be a very small place. In spanish it is cuchitrin.
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May 26
Edgar Parada (May 26 2016 1:39PM) : Can you explain what "Cuchitrin" mean lol
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May 26
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 26 2016 9:30AM) : This means that the July Elizabeth journey and Enrique is similar as they lasted days walking and then attacked people when they were aboard the train.
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May 26
Elmer Guillen (May 26 2016 1:34PM) : It is not to my liking this words. more

“Sons of bitches, we are going to kill you!” They yelled at the migrants.
because putting these words in a book that many students will read.

Some migrants on the train threw rocks at them; in the chaos, July and her children were able to escape. By the time they arrived at the shelter, she had spent $3,000 sent by her grandparents and mother in the United States on bribes and wildly inflated prices charged by buses and taxis to reach the shelter on July 23. Two days later, she applied for a humanitarian visa to get through Mexico to reach her mother in Miami.She has been waiting two months.

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May 26
Ronny Estrella (May 26 2016 9:25AM) : Inflated mean distended through being filled with air or ga
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May 26
Edwin Gonzalez (May 26 2016 1:50PM) : En el momento en que llegaron a la vivienda, que había pasado $ 3000 enviado por sus abuelos y la madre en los Estados Unidos el soborno y precios enormemente inflados que cobran los autobuses y taxis para llegar a la refugio el 23 de julio more

los imigrantes no confian en las personas de mexico por que se aprobechan de los imigrantes

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May 26
Roberto joaquin (May 26 2016 1:55PM) : A humanitarian visa is a document that allows refugees to escape a violent place or county.

“I think Mexico is putting up as many obstacles as possible so you despair, give up, and leave,” she says.

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May 26
Leslie Menjivar (May 26 2016 9:36AM) : In other words, Mexico is making the journey more difficult than before so migrants won't try to cross the border.
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May 26
Edgar Parada (May 26 2016 1:43PM) : But migrants pay to the smuggler for the journey can't be hard for them. Migrants are always trying to cross the border risking their lives.

The crackdown has changed the shelter, Hermanos en el Camino, like many church-run immigrant shelters in southern Mexico, from a place migrants stopped for a quick bite and respite to a refugee camp where migrants wait for months, desperately hoping to get a visa or asylum from Mexico that would allow them to stay or safely continue north.

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May 26
Edwin Gonzalez (May 26 2016 1:54PM) : principal que los migrantes buscan alas iglesias para buscar ayuda
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Jun 11
Zheng Feng (Jun 11 2018 1:06PM) : This is the place where they sleeping with. more

You know, the thing is even they travel so hard. They still being united, they help each other and stay together even they never met.

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The shelter Hermanos en el Camino, which is used for sleeping at night and to escape the sun during the day, when people relax, play cards and hold church services on Sundays.

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Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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By day, some 150 migrants erect buildings to expand the shelter, chop firewood, clean, take care of one another’s children. At night, the dozens who cannot cram into overcrowded dormitories throw thin mattresses under the canopy of the huanacaxtle tree, in the dirt, in hammocks slung between branches. There’s a cacophany of snoring in the courtyard. A woman kidnapped by bandits in Mexico and raped in front of her husband sobs.

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May 25
Areej Muraad (May 25 2016 2:34PM) : Dormitories is a large room with many beds where people can sleep
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May 25
Ronald Leonardo (May 25 2016 2:38PM) : Huanacaxtle tree is a flowering tropical tree that can be seeing in Central mexico, Venezuela and Brazil.
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May 26
Mr Leonardo Guartan (May 26 2016 1:48PM) : that's true :D
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May 26
Areej Muraad (May 26 2016 9:29AM) : Cacophany is unpleasant loud sounds
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For eight years, July’s family has been struggling with the gang and narco-cartel violence that has overtaken many areas of her country. On Oct. 29, 2007, her brother, Carlos Luis Pérez, a skinny 22-year-old, was kidnapped and then found dead two days later in a sewage ditch, his hands and feet cut off. He had been on his way to deliver the family’s $91 in rent money when he was robbed.

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May 25
Chris Torrea (May 25 2016 2:22PM) : how did Carlos Luis Perez die? [Edited]
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May 26
Jerry Jean-baptiste (May 26 2016 9:26AM) : He was kidnapped They cut off his Hands And feet.
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May 25
Leslie Menjivar (May 25 2016 2:40PM) : Federal police is trying to stop these undocumented people, so they give up and won't try again to do this journey.
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May 26
Tomas Munoz (May 26 2016 9:40AM) : either way they still would cross the border.Because they need that money for there family
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May 26
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 26 2016 9:37AM) : this is shocking to me that many people experience this type of violence in their countries but reach the end of torturing a person in this way is too crazy .
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May 25
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 25 2016 2:39PM) : Why did Carlos Luis Perez died?
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In 2010, July’s mother left legally for the United States with a visa that her mother had obtained for her. When July’s mother arrived in the United States, she quickly applied for a visa for July, vowing, despite long backlogs for such visas, to get July out soon, too. “Hurry!” July begged, “I don’t want anything to happen to my children.” Matters grew worse in her city; there were three mass murders in the two blocks near her house as neighbors and friends were killed by the 18th Street gangsters who ruled her area.

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Not long after her oldest son, Anthony Yalibath Pacheco, turned 14, he told July that 18th Street gangsters ordered him to be their lookout. “No,” he told them, “my mom will be mad at me.” Terrified that her son was in danger, she tried in 2014 to get any kind of visa from the United States Embassy; both her October and November applications were denied. She was told to wait for her mother’s visa to be processed, something that can take years.

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May 26
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 26 2016 9:39AM) : Denied mean not permitted or that something declared or believed to be true is not true.
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On Dec. 4, 2014, at 7 p.m., she sent the 14-year-old and his friend on an errand just steps from home. When he didn’t return immediately, July called, then texted. Her son did not respond.

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Jun 11
KADIATOU SOW (Jun 11 2018 1:21PM) : the image look like that the lady hold the picture she left her two child's to travel United sated. more

i think her the two child’s will things that she don’t love even she do. like Enrique’s journey.

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July Elizabeth Pérez holds a photo of her son Anthony Yalibath Pacheco, who was killed in Honduras by gangs last year when he was 14 years old.

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Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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Desperate, she went to the police station, pleading for help even though she knew they were in collusion with the gang. They found her son’s bike at a house that reeked of marijuana, although no trace of the gangsters — tipped off, July believes, by the police. They found the boys’ bodies nearby moments later. Her son had ligature welts on his wrists, his face was beaten, ribs kicked, and burn marks singed his lips. His body had been stuffed into a garbage bag. Another bag over his head had suffocated him. Her son loved to help others, study math, and take care of his younger siblings, she says, and he longed to be a lawyer. “Why didn’t they leave him alive? Why? Why?” She sobs, tears streaming down her cheeks.

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May 26
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 26 2016 9:44AM) : suffocated mean to kill or destroy by preventing access of air or oxygen.
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July quickly buried her son in a spot on top of the grave of her brother who had died, abandoned her house, and went to live three hours away. Seven months later, a neighbor tipped her off that the gang had found her. She left in less than 24 hours, carrying little. Speed was crucial; many migrants have fled Honduras only to be traced and killed in Guatemala by the same gang there. In her haste to leave her home she left behind her passport and photos of herself.

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May 26
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 26 2016 9:42AM) : Tipped meaning is the end of a pointed or projecting object.
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She decided her only safe alternative was to go to the United States illegally, but she made it only a few miles inside Mexico before she and her children were caught and detained in the 21st-Century Migration Station, Mexico’s largest immigration detention facility, in Tapachula, Chiapas. Despite Mexican laws that require all detained migrants to be notified of their right to apply for asylum, no one informed her of her rights. She begged to be considered a refugee. “I cannot go back to my country!”

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May 26
Mr. saul torres (May 26 2016 1:49PM) : to keep someone custody for a crime they did
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The detention center was packed. Her children slept on filthy mattresses. Her 6-year-old son’s arms were covered in a rash and bleeding. July’s asthma left her barely able to breathe. She begged for medicine. Twelve days after being caught, she was deported to San Pedro Sula, where both her son and brother had been murdered. She immediately headed north again, fearing that if she didn’t leave, the 18th Street gang would find her.

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Siblings Luis Danny Pérez, 12-year old Naamá Pérez and Kimberly Julieth Medina, play cards with another child fleeing violence, Anthony Douglas Ponce Barahona, 3, in the shelter's women's dormitory.Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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May 26
Nurik Nursulton Mukhamadkulov (May 26 2016 1:41PM) : )) more

12 years boy suppose to be in school not playing a carts.

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Beginning in July 2014, Mexico redirected 300 to 600 immigration agents to its southernmost states, and conducted over 20,000 raids in 2014 on the freight trains migrants ride on top of, and the bus stations, hotels and highways where migrants travel. In a sharp departure from the past few years, in the first seven months of fiscal 2015, Mexico apprehended more Central Americans — 92,889 — than the 70,448 apprehended by the United States. This year, Mexico is expected to apprehend 70 percent more Central Americans than in 2014, while United States apprehensions are projected to be cut by about half, according to a Migration Policy Institute study last month.

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Of course, barriers will not ultimately stop children who are increasingly desperate and can find new ways around obstacles. In a worrisome development for the White House that another surge could be brewing, last month more than twice as many unaccompanied children were caught coming into the United States illegally and put in federal custody than a year ago.

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May 26
Mr. saul torres (May 26 2016 1:51PM) : to grow more and more
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Mexico has been particularly zealous in beating back children traveling alone. In the first seven months of this year, Mexico had already apprehended 18,310 minors, up nearly a third over the same period a year ago.

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But unaccompanied minors feel they have no choice but to flee. At the Ixtepec shelter, Brian Enoc Pérez Molina, 16, says there is nothing left for him to go back to — the local narco cartel, which trafficks cocaine and marijuana, killed his brother and father. He tried to go home once, to an island off Bluefields, Nicaragua, and the narcos nearly bludgeoned him to death, too.

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May 25
Roberto joaquin (May 25 2016 5:45PM) : bludgeoned means to force or bully someone with a nearby object. In other words, the narcos, or gang members, are very violent. [Edited]

No one systematically tracks how many deportees end up dead when they are returned to their homes, but the social scientist Elizabeth G. Kennedy in a forthcoming report documents, from news reports, that at least 90 migrants deported by the United States and Mexico in the past 21 months were murdered. The true number, she notes, is most likely much higher.

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Willmer Villatoro, 16, and his brother Alexis Villatoro, 18, at the Hermanos en el Camino shelter. They fled gangs in El Salvador after Willmer was shot for not joining them. Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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Jun 11
Darlin Garcia Mejia (Jun 11 2018 1:20PM) : precautions of the beast more

thing that happens often with immigrants and the beast

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Willmer Villatoro's scar from a gunshot wound inflicted by gangs in El Salvador.Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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May 25
Tomas Munoz (May 25 2016 2:37PM) : this is shocking because he didn't die
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May 25
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 25 2016 8:28PM) : OMG!! I thought he was dead.
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May 26
Tomas Munoz (May 26 2016 9:34AM) : I know me too but he didn't. I wonder how many shoot did he get
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Jun 11
Ishak Isa (Jun 11 2018 1:07PM) : I agree with you more

that tro because the migrant
are smuggler

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May 30
Iqra Bhatti (May 30 2016 7:26PM) : I agree with you I was thinking he is death.
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Jun 11
Zheng Feng (Jun 11 2018 1:08PM) : You know, it's very lucky he didn't die, give him a wish.
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Jun 11
Ishak Isa (Jun 11 2018 1:11PM) : they got obstacles when they immigration more

this show it’s very dangerous to migrate to US by the train so some of them will die, but if you live this show you are luky

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Although President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico said when he announced the so-called Southern Border Plan that it was to “protect the human rights of migrants as they pass through Mexico,” the opposite has happened. By the Mexican government’s own accounting, 72,000 migrants have been rescued from kidnappers in recent years. They are often tortured and held for ransom. The survivors tell of being enslaved working in marijuana fields or forced into prostitution. Many are killed — sometimes they have organs harvested — in what’s become an invisible, silent slaughter. The government push has been interpreted as open season on migrants who have become prey to an exploding number of criminals and the police who rob, rape, beat and kill them.

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The crackdown has forced migrants to travel in ways that are harder, take longer, are more isolated and have fewer support mechanisms. New measures have made riding on top of freight trains north, a preferred method for anyone who cannot afford a $10,000 smuggler fee, incredibly difficult. In Tierra Blanca, Veracruz and elsewhere, tall concrete walls topped with concertina wire have been constructed to thwart migrants. In Apizaco, the Lechería train station outside Mexico City and elsewhere, chest-high concrete pillars, or rocks, have been installed on both sides of the tracks so migrants cannot run alongside moving trains and board them.

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May 25
Leslie Menjivar (May 25 2016 2:32PM) : People are looking for desperate ways to reach North.
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Jun 11
Zheng Feng (Jun 11 2018 1:12PM) : Because if they going to same way all the time. The La migra would catch them very easy.
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May 25
yailyn muñoz fernandez (May 25 2016 8:30PM) : thwart means prevent someone from accomplishing something.
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Jun 11
KADIATOU SOW (Jun 11 2018 1:11PM) : there is the migrant people try to get travel to other country more

i think they try to travel to united stated

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People head north in Chahuites, Mexico.

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It is one of the most dangerous areas along the southern migrant trail, where people are preyed on by criminals and fear officials monitoring the trains.Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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In Veracruz, low-hanging structures have been built that the trains pass through, so unsuspecting migrants atop freight cars are swept off moving trains. Mexican immigration officials are using tasers to zap people off moving freight trains, says Alberto Donis, operating coordinator of the Hermanos en el Camino shelter in Ixtepec.

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Four in five of the migrants I spoke to at the Ixtepec shelter have walked most of the way, often with babies or toddlers in their arms.

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“There are children walking the length of Mexico,” often at night so as not to be seen, says David Muñoz Ambriz, the Latin America communications manager for World Vision International, a Christian humanitarian aid group.

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Migrants are also taking more clandestine, dangerous routes to go undetected, far from the dozens of mostly Catholic-run shelters that have sprung up next to the tracks to aid them. The Rev. Alejandro Solalinde, the priest who runs the Ixtepec shelter, has worked arduously to reduce abuses. He has been jailed by the police, threatened by narco traffickers, and lives with multiple bodyguards in daily fear for his life for denouncing barbaric crimes against migrants and complicity by Mexican law enforcers.

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A morning scene at the immigrant shelter in Chahuites, one of the most dangerous areas on the southern trail.Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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As Mexico has blocked refugees from moving forward, it places enormous obstacles in the way of being able to apply for asylum in Mexico. Those who are detained by migrant officials and are allowed to apply remain locked up during a process that can take months or a year, sometimes in jails where rats roam by day and worms infest the food migrants get. Of those who are able to hold out for a decision, only about 20 percent win — less than half of the roughly 50 percent asylum approval rate of the United States. Mexico granted asylum to 18 children last year.

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May 26
Nurik Nursulton Mukhamadkulov (May 26 2016 1:45PM) : asylum means the protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a political refugee.
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“You can lock people inside a burning house, you can close the front door, but they will find a way out,” says Michelle Brané, director of the Migrant Rights and Justice program at the Women’s Refugee Commission. “The U.S. doesn’t want to recognize this as a refugee situation. They want Mexico to be the buffer, to stop arrivals before they get to our border.”

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Jun 11
Junior Jerinson Esteban Sanchez (Jun 11 2018 11:41AM) : so this talk about the american government closing there door to refugee more

i think the american government should not closing the border to refugees

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Jun 11
Zheng Feng (Jun 11 2018 1:10PM) : What you say is extremely true I think. The U.S government must be open the door for refugees
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OTHER surrounding Latin American countries outside the so-called three conflicted Northern Triangle countries — El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala — have seen an almost 1,200 percent spike in asylum claims between 2008 and 2014, according to a United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees study.

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A guide for migrants in Ixtepec issued by the National Institute of Migration (Instituto Nacional de Migración), a government organization that supervises immigrants.

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Jun 11
Ishak Isa (Jun 11 2018 1:03PM) : the migrant issued the went to meet them parents in US more

IN my opinion the migrant are smuggler because they need to got a job for better life

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The pamphlet includes maps as well as safety and legal information.

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Credit: Katie Orlinsky for The New York Times

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While a legitimate debate can continue about the pluses and minuses of economic migrants to the United States, the solution with these refugees from our neighbors to the south is clear. It seems ridiculous to have to say it: If a child is fleeing danger in his or her home country, and that child knocks on our door pleading for help, we should open the door. Instead of funding only the current policies toward migrants in Mexico, we should fund fair efforts by Mexico to evaluate which Central Americans are refugees.

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While migrants’ claims are evaluated, we should help Mexico pay for places for migrants to be held that are humane.

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The United States should develop a system for these refugees, much like Europe is now doing for Syrians, to equitably allocate people who are fleeing harm throughout this continent — including sending them to safer countries in Latin America, to Canada and to the United States. In the 1980s, many United States churches stepped up to help Central Americans fleeing civil war violence, and many would gladly sponsor a migrant today if encouraged by our government.

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Will the United States step up and be a moral leader for these refugees?

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Sonia Nazario is the author of “Enrique’s Journey: The Story of a Boy’s Dangerous Odyssey to Reunite With His Mother.”

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A version of this op-ed appears in print on October 11, 2015, on page SR1 of the New York edition with the headline: Refugees at Our Door.

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DMU Timestamp: May 16, 2016 23:49

General Document Comments 0
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May 25
Steven Polanco (May 25 2016 2:26PM) : Chronicle means a factual written account of important or historical events in the order of their occurrence
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May 25
Arian Gonzalez (May 25 2016 2:27PM) : essentially means fundamental, or intrinsic nature of a person, thing, or situation. "essentially, they are amateurs"
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May 25
Iqra Bhatti (May 25 2016 2:36PM) : Clutching is to hold onto someone or something tightly with your hand.
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May 26
Iqra Bhatti (May 26 2016 9:47AM) : The united states helping mexico a lot they give them tens of million dollars .
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May 26
stanley charles (May 26 2016 1:51PM) : but it is not dead more

but it is not dead

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Jun 11
Ishak Isa (Jun 11 2018 1:05PM) : I agree with you more

that right because US is a helpful country to this issue

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