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Learning and Leading with Habits of Mind, Chapter 2. Describing the Habits of Mind by Arthur L. Costa

Author: Edited by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick

“Chapter 2. Describing the Habits of Mind.” Edited by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick, Describing the Habits of Mind, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2009, www.ascd.org/publications/books/108008/chapters/Describing-the-Habits-of-Mind.aspx.


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When we no longer know what to do we have come to our real work, and when we no longer know which way to go we have begun our real journey. The mind that is not baffled is not employed. The impeded stream is the one that sings.

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Aug 3
Nile G (Aug 03 2021 11:07AM) : Managing Impulsivity more

I think managing impulsivity is certainly one of the toughest challenges when it comes to teaching students. Students often act before they think which forces teachers to come up with solutions beforehand in advanced. Because teachers can anticipate what might happen with certain students, they have to condition them to think a certain way before any conflicts arises

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Aug 4
Harriet F (Aug 04 2021 8:27AM) : Your post reminds me of the ABC technique more

As a special educator, I learned about ABC (antecedent conditions, behavior, consequences). When you describe a teacher anticipating what may happen, you recognize that a teacher who can determine what the triggers are that cause the impulsivity has a “leg up.” I believe that anticipation requires careful observation of a student within the classroom context. Then you can determine how to modify the antecedents. By doing so, you will short circuit the impulsive behavior. I have seen teachers successfully teach students to use a meta-cognitive checklist (sometimes with visuals).

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Aug 3
Nile G (Aug 03 2021 11:13AM) : Questioning and Posing Problems more

I think posing problems and questioning students is the perfect way for teachers to reassure that they’re re students are learning. When they’re asked to show their evidence to prove their source is accurate, it shows that they’re not just answering questions to complete a task but that they’re critical thinkers as well.

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Oct 22
Mary Anne L (Oct 22 2021 5:32PM) : Ask why more

I like when a teacher asks why because the answer to why shows how much the student is understanding.

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Aug 30
Austin D (Aug 30 2021 11:44AM) : A busy mind is a working one more

Keeping the mind busy is important due to the negativity that can breed from a mind full of TV static and nothingness.

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Jan 24
Paul H (Jan 24 2021 11:51AM) : Hand-in-Hand with Other Reading (some being done with students). more

Here at NowComment, our Room 407 students have been engaging with Margaret Wheatley’s “Willing to Be Disturbed” pieces. I think that the Berry quote here brings us to this sort of disturbance/disruption of both routine. . .and perhaps policies. What is blocking our stream? And…is it a song or a dirge?

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Aug 30
Carter S (Aug 30 2021 12:50PM) : After High School more

I feel like all of us seniors can relate to this first line. After senior year, we will be making our own decisions almost completely for the most part. Until this point most of us rely on our parents for a whole lot. But now, it’s kind of up to us if we want to go to college, and where we would want to go if we decide to.

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Aug 30
Ava R (Aug 30 2021 12:59PM) : Agree more

I agree with Carter here that in this first line we can compare this to our own lives as we are all about to begin new journeys.

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Aug 30
Joseph L (Aug 30 2021 1:03PM) : Real Life more

I feel like as kids in High school we don’t really take the time to understand that our lives are actually about to start sooner than we think.

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Sep 1
Sydney S (Sep 01 2021 8:22AM) : Quote more

I relate to this quote about the journey beginning when we don’t know which way to go because I have struggled in many decisions regarding college and I know that my life on my own will start soon, and that is the true journey.

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Aug 22
Paul H (Aug 22 2021 11:49AM) : The Mind That is Not Baffled more

I can relate to this line of the poem as I find myself perplexed at times in my own coursework. It is then that I take my own inventory. Is the confusion a result of my level of engagement? What strategies might I employ to remedy the confusion? Is there a hole somewhere in my understanding that I can patch? But, I know that my confusion has a source as much as might enlightenment and understanding will have a place. How do I get to that place? It cannot be by abandonment. That would mean simply being stuck in place.

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Sep 2
Grant M (Sep 02 2021 8:45PM) : Comment more

“The mind that is not baffled is not employed” is a great quote that says if someone is not confused or tested they are not into the task at hand.

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Sep 3
Branden N (Sep 03 2021 1:02PM) : The impeded stream is the one that sings. more

Often times when times are tough, the easiest option is to give up or shut down. But when fighting through our struggles and obstacles we often become stronger and better people whether that be mentally, physically, or emotionally.

Wendell Berry

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This chapter contains descriptions for 16 of the attributes that human beings display when they behave intelligently. In this book, we refer to them as Habits of Mind. They are the characteristics of what intelligent people do when they are confronted with problems, the resolutions to which are not immediately apparent.

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Jul 20
Harry B (Jul 20 2021 8:03AM) : Suggestion more

It would be good to have an image as well attached to this description – instead of each Habit of Mind – I know this is a scholarly article – but this would also maybe appeal to students more with accompanying visuals

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Jul 21
Harry B (Jul 21 2021 4:45AM) : Images more

Yep saw these and these make the explanations more relatable – definitely enhance the meaning with the images that are provided!

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Aug 30
Austin D (Aug 30 2021 11:47AM) : Critical thinking more

HOM are also a fun way to represent critical thinking when met with a difficult task. But putting it this way does create a sort of visual when tackling problems.

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Jan 28
Savannah K (Jan 28 2021 11:16AM) : Description of how the habits of mind helps students more

Throughout this article Costa and Kallick describe in depth how essential it is that teachers are developing the learning power of students of all ages. In the article we see that both authors give a lot of concrete examples of how these learning dispositions have made a difference. These 16 habits presented to us are teaching kids, whether it is from their parents or teachers, habits that are performed by them on a day to day basis. The meaning behind this book is to help students get into the habit of behaving intelligently. A Habit of Mind is a pattern of intellectual behaviors that leads to productive actions. This is why we are trying to inform kids of these habits and consider what it means.
Finding some background information online, I noticed that their are four books in the ASCD ground-breaking Habits of Mind series. The volume we are discussing today presents a compelling case for why it’s more relevant than ever to align the missions of schools and classrooms to teaching students how to think and behave intelligently when they encounter problems and challenges in learning and in life. My thoughts behind the reading for the day is that all students of all ages should be learning and incorporating these 16 habits in their teachings.

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Jul 22
Jen R (Jul 22 2021 12:37PM) : I am ambivalent about choosing these attributes as signifiers of intelligence. My instinct is to agree, but I also am concerned about potential ableism and how neurodivergent thinking fits into this framework. more

There are certain habits of mind and ways of thinking that our society traditionally values and rewards. However, I’ve lately been thinking and learning about neurodivergence and understanding this not as a deficit but as a different way of thinking. I have not yet had time to really think through whether these 16 habits encompass that divergence, but it is something I am attuned to. And, in general, I become uncomfortable with attempts to definite “intelligence” in very specific ways that don’t account for different kinds of intelligence. I appreciate that the habits of mind are trying to focus on an approach to learning rather than narrow, discrete skills or content. But I also find myself uneasy.

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Aug 30
Zac S (Aug 30 2021 12:30PM) : I wonder when people don't behave intelligently what attributes they are using?
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Aug 30
Joseph L (Aug 30 2021 1:04PM) : Informative more

I think this intro is very good at explaining what the habits of mind really entail.

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Aug 30
Zachary Z (Aug 30 2021 12:43PM) : Brief overview more

I would not expect these types of reading to have an overview of what is going to be read. I think it is very beneficial to know what is going to be read. It gives the read a gist of what they are getting into.

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Aug 30
Ava R (Aug 30 2021 1:05PM) : Habits of Mind more

Who gave them the name Habits of Mind and why are they named that? Could they have different names?

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Sep 2
Lacey T (Sep 02 2021 7:36PM) : agree more

I agree with the questions Ava is asking why is it called Habits of Mind? Do we have an answer why?

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Sep 29
Dewry C (Sep 29 2021 12:02PM) : comment more

habits of mind they are the character of the story.

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Aug 30
Kali M (Aug 30 2021 1:00PM) : "What intelligent people do when they are confronted with problems" more

I feel as though whether one is intelligent or not there can improvements on the way one reacts to a problem or situation. We all face problems in life. How we respond to those problems is what will closely define our character and the type of person we are. One does not have to be intelligent to respond in a respectful manner to an issue. It is very important although, for all people to understand and study these habits of mind. For we can all advance alongside one another and become more mindful and educated people.

These Habits of Mind seldom are performed in isolation; rather, clusters of behaviors are drawn forth and used in various situations. For example, when listening intently, we use the habits of thinking flexibly, thinking about our thinking (metacognition), thinking and communicating with clarity and precision, and perhaps even questioning and posing problems.

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Jan 25
Harry B (Jan 25 2021 6:48PM) : Quote by Wendell Berry more

I love this quote- to me, it lets me and students know, they can do amazing things when they might feel they are lost, instead of feeling and despair, if we can train our minds to “roll with it” and see where we can take ourselves when we find ourselves not exactly where we expected to be, but also, teachers have to be willing to let students possibly end up with a different meaning of topics as well if they see students interpreting things differently than they imagined.

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Jan 28
Abigail G (Jan 28 2021 11:12AM) : "The mind that is not baffled is not employed..." more

The meaning I took from this portion of the Wendell Berry quote was if you are not confused, your mind is not working hard enough. If you think things are simple you are missing the complexity of life and its content. I made a text-to-text connection to this portion of the quote. We recently did and assignment over Wheatley Essays. One article titled “Willing to be Disturbed” and the other titled “The Works: Your Source to Being Fully Alive, Summer 2000”. These articles explain how opening up your mind to other peoples opinions can make your opinion richer or possibly change your viewpoint. This potion of the quote summarizes those articles perfectly. Everything is worth exploring whether it be someone else opinion of the complexity you find within life. Don’t be satisfied with the opinions and thoughts you have now, go out and find a source to challenge those thoughts and make your brain wonder.

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Aug 30
Grace C (Aug 30 2021 10:49AM) : multiples more

Habits of the mind are usually performed together in groups and almost never alone. Kind of like multitasking.

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Aug 30
Lucas D (Aug 30 2021 12:37PM) : Power of the Mind more

Several habits of mind occur at the same time without us even knowing. This simply goes to show just how powerful the mind truly is, even when we are not cognizant of it.

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Aug 30
Zachary Z (Aug 30 2021 12:41PM) : reply more

To add on to what Lucas was saying I agree. It is weird to think how your mind takes over without you even noticing. It happens over habit.

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Aug 30
Zachary Z (Aug 30 2021 12:39PM) : good info to know more

It is interesting that everything we do is an actual habit. I do not think anyone anyone ever thinks like that. It gives you something to think about.

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Jan 24
Paul H (Jan 24 2021 11:52AM) : Good to Know/Clarification more

I think the temptation is at times to take an itemized list and then work them separately. Quite possibilty assign or assess for them separately. These habits in synthesis allow for a little more room to talk about our employment/engagement of the Habit.

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Aug 30
Katie B (Aug 30 2021 12:19PM) : interesting more

Diving into the habits of mind is interesting to learn about. The Habits of Mind would be beneficial for future speeches/public presentations

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Sep 3
Branden N (Sep 03 2021 1:07PM) : Connection more

Habits of mind can be applied to every situation in life, but being able to use multiple or connect them creates a much more powerful tool.

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Jul 22
Jen R (Jul 22 2021 12:41PM) : Referring back to my earlier concerns about ableism, this is an example. more

One characteristic of many (not all) autistic people is rigid thinking. But, they also tend to think and communicate with clarity and precision. Non-autistic people might respond to this clarity and precision by saying that they are not being flexible. So, in this scenario, these two habits of mind might be in contradiction. And it might be that an individual may possess one to a greater degree than, and possibly at the expense of, the other. Rather than looking at these as attributes every individual must possess, it might be helpful to see them as contributions individuals make to a greater whole.

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Aug 30
Emme R (Aug 30 2021 12:45PM) : Listening Intently more

Listening intently is the first step to more intelligent thinking. Before we can form our own thoughts and opinions, we must shape them through the concepts we listen to all around us.

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Aug 30
Kali M (Aug 30 2021 1:44PM) : "When listening intently, we use the habits..." more

As the introduction of Habits of Mind continues, the author begins to open up about the perhaps the comparison of listening intently vs not intently. As he quotes about what happens when we listen intently, I fully agree with Costa. I have noticed within my own life and experiences that if I say something to someone then they have a different response when listening intently or not. If we are listening intently we can open up to these habits of mind more and be able to respond in the most effect way. Listening intently is very important for effective communication.

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Aug 30
Meredith V (Aug 30 2021 9:51PM) : I agree as well. When you hear something you don't necessarily agree with or think the same way, you don't give the same amount of attention to the conversation or the same energy as you would have if you had thought the same.
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Sep 10
Emily W (Sep 10 2021 8:33PM) : interesting more

its interesting that the habits of mind can be used together almost like multitasking for you thoughts

Do not conclude, based on this list, that humans display intelligent behavior in only 16 ways. The list of the Habits of Mind is not complete. We want this list to initiate a collection of additional attributes. In fact, 12 attributes of "Intelligent Behavior" were first described in 1991 (Costa, 1991). Since then, through collaboration and interaction with many others, the list has been expanded. You, your colleagues, and your students will want to continue the search for additional Habits of Mind to add to this list of 16.

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Aug 30
Quinn B (Aug 30 2021 8:15AM) : Refreshing more

This is a simple comment, though one i feel justified making. It’s all too common now a days for people to claim their research to be absolute. This small sentence works nicely to show that we are still learning and that it’s okay, and even encouraged for research like this to change and evolve.

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Aug 30
Grace C (Aug 30 2021 10:53AM) : always more to be done more

I like this paragraph because it reassures me that the habits of my mind do not have to fit into this list of 16. It leaves room for expansion and an even deeper understanding of our habits of mind.

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Sep 3
Rosie G (Sep 03 2021 9:36AM) : more habits more

To assume that there are only 16 habits of mind is something that I along with assumingly some of my classmates likely inferred based off of the list that was presented to us. However, when thinking of these 16 habits of mind it makes senses that one may find themselves not relating specifically to any one habit.

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Aug 30
Ethan N (Aug 30 2021 10:21AM) : Displays of Intelligence more

I feel that humans display intelligence in different ways depending on the person, and that there is no way that there are only 16 ways to display it. Some people may be good with “traditional” intelligence, but others may have more common sense.

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Aug 30
Emme R (Aug 30 2021 12:42PM) : Application of Intelligence more

There are many ways to display intelligence, yes. I feel that a lot of younger students struggle with this, as they think their intelligence is defined by test grades and report cards. This sometime dictates a student’s success until they find the right concepts to apply their intelligence to.

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Aug 30
Katie B (Aug 30 2021 12:21PM) : Expanded more

It is shocking to see the list of habits increase dramatically. It makes me wonder how habits are found and who decides that they are habits?

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Aug 30
Ava R (Aug 30 2021 1:03PM) : Interesting more

I thought this was interesting as well. The habits of mind will never be complete because we all learn differently. Maybe they are increasing based on technology?

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Sep 10
Emily W (Sep 10 2021 8:39PM) : Never completed more

I don’t think the habits of minds list will every be complete because we all think differently and the way we think will continue to develop.

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Aug 30
Joseph L (Aug 30 2021 1:05PM) : Always room for improvement. more

I feel like this sentence was a great addition to the intro as it says that we are always allowed to add and expand to the habits of mind.

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Aug 30
Kali M (Aug 30 2021 1:06PM) : "Add to the list of 16" more

As the Arthur L. Costa explains the initial data to this list began in 1991. At the time the list was minimal, at only 12 habits of mind. However, as a society we have grown and found new possibilities and expanded this list to 16. I feel as though the Habits of Mind list can be continued as we continue studying and abiding by the current terms on the list. We may be able to find truth in one habit of mind to lead to a new discovery. In order to keep advancing, we must be optimistic to new advances and new opportunity of growth for the future of Habits of Mind. I feel as though my class should come together with the common goal to present one, or possibly two, new Habits of Mind to add to the list.

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Sep 1
Sydney S (Sep 01 2021 8:25AM) : Adding to the list more

The line about adding to the list of habits of mind interests me because there is so many out there. It would take a lot of time and thought to expand this list to its full potential. We can explore them in the classroom but it seems like our work would almost never be done.

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Sep 2
Lacey T (Sep 02 2021 7:55PM) : response more

I agree with what Sydney is saying it is interesting because there are already so many. How are they going to go into more detail and try to add more.

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Sep 3
Branden N (Sep 03 2021 1:10PM) : 16+ more

This is a list of 16 habits of mine, but even 16 is not enough to cover them all. This sentence tells the reader to continue to search for more and learn what else could fit into this list.

Habits of Mind as Learning Outcomes

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Sep 29
cristin t (Sep 29 2021 12:23PM) : "Habits of Mind as Learning Outcomes" more

Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision.

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Educational outcomes in traditional settings focus on how many answers a student knows. When we teach for the Habits of Mind, we are interested also in how students behave when they don't know an answer. The Habits of Mind are performed in response to questions and problems, the answers to which are not immediately known. We are interested in enhancing the ways students produce knowledge rather than how they merely reproduce it. We want students to learn how to develop a critical stance with their work: inquiring, editing, thinking flexibly, and learning from another person's perspective. The critical attribute of intelligent human beings is not only having information but also knowing how to act on it.

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Jul 19
Oluwatoyin I (Jul 19 2021 3:45PM) : Traditional learning settings more

Traditional setting for learning is slowly but surely giving way to new modes of learning that incorporates different learning styles. This is not to say any negative of traditional setting I definitely see the need to enhance what previously obtained finding new ways to do reach similar . The previous year has shown this even clearly as virtual classroom took over every level of learning.

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Jul 20
Harry B (Jul 20 2021 8:08AM) : In isolation more

I agree, higher thinking involves several things happening at the same time!

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Jul 20
Aniya M (Jul 20 2021 9:13PM) : Having a great knowledge is useless unless we are able to put it to use. It is important to see our knowledge as valuable and seek to make use of it and contribute to it as much as we can.
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Jul 22
Jen R (Jul 22 2021 12:42PM) : I think this is critical. I would add that we should look at the different ways that different students produce knowledge and build on that diversity.
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Jan 28
Ciara K (Jan 28 2021 8:15AM) : Traditional Setting more

In this sentence, it talks about a traditional setting in school. It is hard to imagine what this traditional setting would look like because we have gone so long now with seeing people through a screen or classrooms being empty. I would love to see a traditional setting again where everyone is together and not just through a screen but I do not know if this will happen before I graduate.

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Jan 28
Jasmine M (Jan 28 2021 10:49AM) : nostalgia more

nostalgia: a sentimental longing or wistful affection for the past, typically for a period or place with happy personal associations.
When I think of “traditional school” I reminisce about better days. Ciara, I believe you are right, I don’t think traditional will ever be the same. At least before we are long gone.

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Aug 30
Quinn B (Aug 30 2021 8:37AM) : Covid more

I think I speak for everyone when I say I’m sick of it, but that doesn’t need to be said, we all know. I do believe though, that in some nonsensical roundabout way, that this will eventually help the educational system and its flaws. School never feels like learning, it feels like someone cramming a book down your throat and expecting you to understand its contents. I think Covid outlining kids use of cheating, not turning in assignments, not showing up to class really shows just how much the public school system has messed up. Recognizing these flaws we can eventually change our production line style education into something more productive.

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Aug 30
Sarah E (Aug 30 2021 10:53AM) : I 100% agree with you more

I think the way you just worded this is perfect. Even though Covid has messed a lot of things up I think it has helped not only helped show how students act under pressure, but it also shows the schools and teachers what their students home life is like.

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Sep 2
Lacey T (Sep 02 2021 7:53PM) : question more

Why is it called a traditional setting? Is that just what we have done for the past so many years or what? Not everyone had access to education until a little bit ago.

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Jan 24
Paul H (Jan 24 2021 11:54AM) : Connection to Reading: M. Colleen Cruz's RISK. FAIL. RISE: A Teacher's Guide to Learning from Mistakes (Heinemann 2021). more

This not knowing is not celebrated but rather met with consequence (usually detrimental and/or dire). Cruz’s book focuses upon the origins of mistakes and how to claim/own/address/move.

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Aug 30
Zac S (Aug 30 2021 12:33PM) : There are a lot of times where I don't know the answer. I've never thought about all of these attributes helping me get an answer until now.
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Aug 30
Addyson D (Aug 30 2021 12:56PM) : When you don't know an answer more

When A person does not know an answer, they turn to a learning tactic they’re comfortable and familiar with in order to get the question answered. This tactic that they are familiar with is going to be the one they used the most. This is the building blocks for the HoM.

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Aug 30
Meredith V (Aug 30 2021 10:01PM) : "How students behave when they don't know an answer" more

I think this is funny to think about. Getting flustered and looking all around the room and through all of your papers to try and find the answer and you can feel your face getting red and all of your classmates eyes on you.

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Sep 2
Grant M (Sep 02 2021 8:51PM) : Comment more

This is very good information to know so we can play to our Habits of Mind when tasked with something difficult.

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Sep 10
Emily W (Sep 10 2021 8:42PM) : Is one better than the other? more

This makes me wonder if there are certain habits of mind that are better in these situations or if it ultimately depends on the person and what works best for them

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Jan 24
Paul H (Jan 24 2021 11:55AM) : Pivot more

Replicate to Create.
Inculcation to Innovation.
Rote to Rendered.

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Jul 21
Khurram A (Jul 21 2021 12:45PM) : This is an important because at times memorizing can lead to success in a moment but later in life a lack of understanding can hurt oneself.
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Aug 30
Destiny B (Aug 30 2021 11:07AM) : Replicate and Repeat more

This sentence relates heavily to today’s schooling system as a whole. Many students succeed within school because they can simply remember a subject for a test, but then forget about it right after. This method for learning seems to be encouraged by the schooling system, but it provides no true benefits to its students.

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Aug 30
mia p (Aug 30 2021 12:47PM) : enhancing more

Students need to be able to understand what is going in thier brain and grasp the meaning of it. Do not jut collect info and forget about it. Collect info and understand the meaning of it.

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Sep 1
Sydney S (Sep 01 2021 8:29AM) : Produce vs Reproduce more

This line refers to producing knowledge as coming up with something on your own. It refers to reproducing knowledge as simply remembering something said to you or something you had to memorize. When testing for habits of mind, they test of knowledge students must come up with themselves (produce) instead of things they remember from recent assignments or tests (reproduce).

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Jan 28
Autumn F (Jan 28 2021 1:49PM) : Developing A Stance with Flexibility more

Habits of Mind is wanting to help students find a ‘critical stance’ within their work. While reading this, ‘flexibility’ caught my eye. Within this past year, our school has been forced to go online a number of times, so of course students are having to be flexible with their work, but this is not what I wanted to talk about. If teachers and the school would be more flexible with their work and not so much on turning things in on time, I would feel so much more obliged to do my work. But instead, I am on a time limit every single day balancing my school work, my job, and my mental health which overall has not been the best this past year. ‘Learning from another’s prospective’ caught my eye as well. Not everyone has a stable environment to be continuously sit at a desk and pump work out for a due date the following night. Again, this pulls into flexibility. If we were able to turn assignments in at our own pace and was more lenient with their students, I feel as that building a stance with my mind and work would be easier.

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Aug 30
Jackie S (Aug 30 2021 10:39AM) : Opinion more

I love this quote because I agree with it 100%. Intelligence is great in itself, but we have to know how to apply it in our everyday lives. What good is it to have information and then not use it? If you learn something share it, form an opinion, and act accordingly.

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Aug 30
Meredith V (Aug 30 2021 10:05PM) : I agree with you. There are people that hold a lot of knowledge and amazing things in their head, but have not been taught how to use it to their advantage.
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Aug 30
Grace C (Aug 30 2021 10:58AM) : acting on information more

this sentence presents the idea that studying and reviewing the habits of mind may teach some students different ways in which they can act on information that they have. It provides suggestions and options for those who may be confused.

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Aug 30
Carter S (Aug 30 2021 12:58PM) : Knowledge is power [Edited] more

I like this quote. It makes me think about the old saying “knowledge is power”, but that is only true if you know what to do with it.

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Sep 28
Keily M (Sep 28 2021 11:51AM) : I agree more

Many people have great ideas and a lot of knowledge but not been taught how to act on it.

What behaviors indicate an efficient, effective thinker? What do human beings do when they behave intelligently? Vast research on effective thinking, successful people, and intelligent behavior by Ames (1997), Carnegie and Stynes (2006), Ennis (1991), Feuerstein, Rand, Hoffman, and Miller (1980), Freeley (as reported in Strugatch, 2004), Glatthorn and Baron (1991), Goleman (1995), Perkins (1991), Sternberg (1984), and Waugh (2005) suggests that effective thinkers and peak performers have identifiable characteristics. These characteristics have been identified in successful people in all walks of life: lawyers, mechanics, teachers, entrepreneurs, salespeople, physicians, athletes, entertainers, leaders, parents, scientists, artists, teachers, and mathematicians.

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Aug 30
Austin D (Aug 30 2021 11:52AM) : Reflection more

I will be using this in my reflection of this article.

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Jan 28
Paul H (Jan 28 2021 8:18AM) : Two Questions That Might Drive Student Performance or Bring Performance Up to Par more

What do the others do to achieve or to settle into some degree of comfort with the challenges presented to us each and every day? Inside or outside of school?

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Aug 30
Jesse B (Aug 30 2021 11:03AM) : Reflection line more

I will be using this in my reflection

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Zachary Z (Aug 30 2021 12:46PM) : number 1 more

This will be added to my reflection because I think it gives a bunch of information which means it will easier to figure things out.

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Nov 16
Dewry C (Nov 16 2021 1:21PM) : summary more

as seen within this sentences to author makes a relation to intelligence to careers that require a college diploma.

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Aug 30
Jesse B (Aug 30 2021 10:41AM) : What is success? more

The speaker submits to us that people with certain qualities are often attributed with being successful. But I’d like to point out the differences with what is a widely held standard of success, and what is small, but equally as impactful, personal success. There is no quantifying success. To do so only succeeds in alienating individuals and creating biased imagery of success.

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Aug 30
Destiny B (Aug 30 2021 11:24AM) : Successful or intelligent? more

It has been such a misconception for many years now that one must go to school and college in order to be intelligent and successful. As seen within this sentences to author makes a relation to intelligence to careers that require a college diploma. However, this reasoning has been found to be misconstrued, since many individuals have the ability to be intelligent in many aspects of life, rather than simple school subjects.

Horace Mann, a U.S. educator (1796–1859), once observed that "habit is a cable; we weave a thread of it each day, and at last we cannot break it." In Learning and Leading with Habits of Mind, we focus on 16 Habits of Mind that teachers and parents can teach, cultivate, observe, and assess. The intent is to help students get into the habit of behaving intelligently. A Habit of Mind is a pattern of intellectual behaviors that leads to productive actions. When we experience dichotomies, are confused by dilemmas, or come face-to-face with uncertainties, our most effective response requires drawing forth certain patterns of intellectual behavior. When we draw upon these intellectual resources, the results are more powerful, of higher quality, and of greater significance than if we fail to employ such patterns of intellectual behavior.

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Jan 25
Harry B (Jan 25 2021 7:01PM) : Educational setting [Edited] more

To a degree, classrooms and the actual structure of classes need to revamped to help stop resisting against a new model of education. In having lessons and units focused around the concepts, principles, etc that are still unknown, it would be interesting how education could be giving more unknowns than known material and find connections and ways to bring an understanding to those topics that have been largely unknown. When I was in Mexico, the culture there allowed me to write, reflect, and ponder much more thoroughly because there was not an inherent push to rush as fast and accurately as possible. The culture of thinking critically was approached differently than in the U.S., and the same can be said of realizing the proper educational environment needs to allow for a huge shift of emphasis to achieve such a shift and change in the approach of the environment, students are learning in.

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Reese G (Aug 30 2021 11:11AM) : characteristics more

What is it about these characteristics make these successful people successful?

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Sep 3
Rosie G (Sep 03 2021 11:31AM) : applying the 16 habits to students more

By encouraging students to determine which habits they can apply to themselves can help them to recognize the kind of work they do and are capable of. BY defining them to a specific habit they are able to concentrate to that habit ti helping them.

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Jan 28
Sarah T (Jan 28 2021 8:15AM) : Creating Habits more

It kind of intimidates me at how fast someone can pick up a habit. If it’s a good and healthy habit, it’s a great thing. Although more often than not, I feel as though one can pick up on the unhealthy habits easier. It makes me thing of softball. I can accidently pick up a bad batting habit and when I go to lessons, my coach will call me out for it. We’d end up taking weeks just to try to lessen the affects of this new habit.

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Sep 28
Keily M (Sep 28 2021 12:58PM) : I can agree with you how fast habits are easy to pick up & how bad habits as well and bad habits can take even longer to adjust.
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Aug 30
Ethan N (Aug 30 2021 11:18AM) : Horace Mann more

Horace Mann was a Massachusetts educator in the 1800s, who was an enthusiastic supporter of public education. Mann would serve as both Secretary of Education for Massachusetts, along with being a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

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Aug 30
Sarah E (Aug 30 2021 11:58AM) : applied more

Horace Mann took these habits of mind and helped share and apply them to not only his life but in the public education system to which he was a great supporter of.

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Aug 30
mia p (Aug 30 2021 1:40PM) : Educator more

When Horace Mann said the “habit is a cable,” i believe him. Habits are one of the hardest things to break and and it takes a strong minded person to break them. One of my habits is shaking my leg up and down when i am sitting. If i focus on it, I can stop it, otherwise it always happens.

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Aug 30
Lucas D (Aug 30 2021 1:41PM) : Building Blocks more

Each situation in which our minds behave intelligently in order to work towards an answer builds upon one another. This allows us to utilize a vast majority of these situations to think critically when more evolved circumstances arise later in life.

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Aug 30
Addyson D (Aug 30 2021 1:58PM) : Metaphor more

This is a metaphor. This is a direct correlation to the point I made in my 200-300 word prompt with which I said my awe of the world leads to me making metaphors and using those metaphors as “spice” in most of my work.

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Jan 24
Paul H (Jan 24 2021 11:57AM) : HABITS OF MIND: DEFINED more

The operative word here seems to be a pattern vs. a part of the set.

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Grant M (Sep 02 2021 8:58PM) : Comment more

Providing the definition is very useful so I can understand what the author is speaking about in the following text.

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Aug 30
Isabel O (Aug 30 2021 1:06PM) : Reflection more

When these kinds of situations occur, we go back to our personal “habits of mind.” Although these are personal, most of us probably learned these ways of thinking from someone else. These behaviors were most likely a reflection of what we have seen others do in our lives.

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Aug 30
Addyson D (Aug 30 2021 1:00PM) : Obvious more

I feel that it is quite self-explanatory that results of using learning techniques that work for you would result in higher quality work.

A Habit of Mind is a composite of many skills, attitudes, cues, past experiences, and proclivities. It means that we value one pattern of intellectual behaviors over another; therefore, it implies making choices about which patterns we should use at a certain time. It includes sensitivity to the contextual cues that signal that a particular circumstance is a time when applying a certain pattern would be useful and appropriate. It requires a level of skillfulness to use, carry out, and sustain the behaviors effectively. It suggests that after each experience in which these behaviors are used, the effects of their use are reflected upon, evaluated, modified, and carried forth to future applications. Figure 2.1 summarizes some of these dimensions of the Habits of Mind, which are elaborated in Chapter 3. The following sections describe each of the 16 Habits of Mind.

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Aug 30
Reese G (Aug 30 2021 11:13AM) : HOM more

How is it that we can use the Habits of Mind in our everyday life?

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Aug 30
Sarah E (Aug 30 2021 12:01PM) : everyday life more

I think the first step to applying HOM to our everyday life is to learn them all. Once we know them in depth we can start to execute each one slowly to be able to feel and see the outcome.

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Sep 3
Rosie G (Sep 03 2021 11:25AM) : Individual habits of mind more

Each individual has a habit of mind that they personally can relate to. The behaviors and mode of actions we take indicate to the habits of mind that we each mind the most useful in our lives.

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Jul 22
Jen R (Jul 22 2021 1:44PM) : But why do we value one pattern of intellectual behaviors over another? Are there other patterns we are missing? And do we have a responsibility to make society more responsive to a greater diversity of intellectual behaviors?
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Aug 30
Quinn B (Aug 30 2021 9:50AM) : Your first question more

I believe the answer to your first question is experience. This can work for productive or non productive habits of mind. For example a kid hitting another child to get a toy, it worked before so it should work again. A more mature example would be someone properly communicating their plans for a large project to a potential backer, if they explain their intentions clearly like they did with the last one they should get the same desired outcome.

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Aug 30
Reese G (Aug 30 2021 11:15AM) : Success more

The text basically states that by incorporating these Habits of Mind in your everyday life, many benefits will come from it.

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Aug 30
Katie B (Aug 30 2021 1:26PM) : agreed more

Having the Habits of Mind become habitual can help lead to a beneficial aspect in one’s day to day life. Without the Habits of Mind, a person would be restricted from intellectual behaviors.

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Aug 30
Isabel O (Aug 30 2021 2:09PM) : Certain time more

If these intellectual behaviors are habits, then we really cannot choose when or not to use them. A habit is something that someone does without really realizing, because it is so common in their lives. Most of us cannot “choose” when to pursue these behaviors that we call habits.

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Aug 30
Zac S (Aug 30 2021 1:35PM) : Context clues are very important and help me solve things often. Part of this is because I'm so sensitive to context clues when I'm face to face with somebody.
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Sep 3
Brianna B (Sep 03 2021 12:12PM) : Sensitivity to Context Clues more

An individual must pay attention to context clues, not simply just try an deploy a HOM. This could lead to using the wrong habit at an inappropriate time.

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Aug 30
Lucas D (Aug 30 2021 1:43PM) : Continuation of Building Block more

We must skillfully apply these prior building blocks, or familiar situations, to help solve problems when they arise. Simply experiencing a similar situation at a previous occurrence is not enough, hence the reason it all depends on how we behave “intelligently.”

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Sep 28
Keily M (Sep 28 2021 1:16PM) : I agree on hence the reason it all depends on how we behave "intelligently".
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Jan 24
Paul H (Jan 24 2021 11:58AM) : Essential more

So much to say about the potential power and impact of reflection in the secondary classroom. Whole group. Individual. Teacher and student.

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Jan 27
Paul H (Jan 27 2021 7:00PM) : Room 407 Application more

Our students are preparing to draft a larger paper in the next few days. I’ve included the Habits of Mind as an attachment to their work folder. We’ll be using these as a means of reflection into the paper and out of the product.

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Aug 30
Destiny B (Aug 30 2021 2:11PM) : Learning from Experience more

This sentence gives note to the importance of experiencing something first hand can have on an individuals potential future decisions and behaviors.

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Figure 2.1. Dimensions of the Habits of Mind

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The Habits of Mind incorporate the following dimensions:

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Aug 30
Emme R (Aug 30 2021 1:39PM) : Inclination more

Many people struggle with finding their “why”, or finding what inclines them to produce good work. Many people are inclined to impress people, and overcoming this can help them produce more authentic work because it is more for YOU rather than for an audience.

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Aug 30
Carter S (Aug 30 2021 2:05PM) : Commitment more

For me, I feel like of the 6 dimensions, the one I struggle with the most is Commitment.

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  • Value: Choosing to employ a pattern of intellectual behaviors rather than other, less productive patterns.
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  • Inclination: Feeling the tendency to employ a pattern of intellectual behaviors.
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  • Sensitivity: Perceiving opportunities for, and appropriateness of, employing the pattern of behaviors.
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  • Capability: Possessing the basic skills and capacities to carry through with the behaviors.
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  • Commitment: Constantly striving to reflect on and improve performance of the pattern of intellectual behaviors.
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    Zachary Z (Aug 30 2021 1:50PM) : Thriving more

    commitment is a big thing in life. Where ever life takes you, you always have to be committed to the work. If you are just going to give up when things get hard you will be a nobody your whole life.

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  • Policy: Making it a policy to promote and incorporate the patterns of intellectual behaviors into actions, decisions, and resolutions of problematic situations.
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    Ethan N (Aug 30 2021 11:24AM) : Think Before You Act more

    The dimension of policy reminds me of when my parents would always tell me to think before I acted, which was something I always tried to listen to.

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Persisting

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Sep 3
Lauren T (Sep 03 2021 9:23AM) : Persistance more

When I learn or consider tasks associated with learning, I belive persistance is key. It is important that one focuses primarily on the task at hand, rather than being preocupied by the tasks lingering on their to do list. While being persistent within our work, it allows us to put our best work forth since that is what the mind is focused on, and the completion of the task results in a positive outcome.

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Sep 29
cristin t (Sep 29 2021 1:11PM) : "Persisting" more

It’s means to go on resolutely or stubbornly in spite of opposition, importunity, or warning.

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Aug 30
Austin D (Aug 30 2021 12:53PM) : Persisting more

Persisting is very important when met with a difficult decision or challenge. When met with a challenge, continually thinking of a solution even when you haven’t found it yet will help you eliminate answers that would have previously not had made sense.

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Sep 2
Connor W (Sep 02 2021 11:03AM) : I agree with Austin more

I believe that persistence is one of the most important things when it comes to overcoming a challenge.

Success seems to be connected with action. Successful people keep moving. They make mistakes, but they never quit.
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Jul 24
Maritza M (Jul 24 2021 11:33PM) : Success equals action more

It took me years to realize that it is never too late to pursue a career. I had to push myself out of the hole I was stuck in and work towards what I really want in life and that is to become an educator. No one but you can take the steps necessary to get to where you want. Here I am today continuing my education and so close to the end.

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Aug 5
Laura D (Aug 05 2021 5:01PM) : "It took me years to realize that it is never too late" more

It is very true. Sometimes we are own enemy when it comes to try new things or pursue what we want because we get scared. I glad that you pushed yourself to and pursue your career.

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Jul 29
mirseda K (Jul 29 2021 8:07AM) : “A person who falls and gets back up is much stronger than a person who never fell.” more

I totally agree and I can see myself in those sentences. I had a period of tie that I thought was not able to succeed, that I am a failure and I was able to quit. Taling to myself and thinking about mistakes that made me stronger I was able to fight that fear, and try and try again to achieve my goals. Today when I look back I see those mistakes, and action as a positive rewards that made me who I am today.

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Aug 30
mia p (Aug 30 2021 1:44PM) : sucess more

This is very true. You must take action before you ca be successful.You can not just sit around and do nothing and expect everything to be handed to you. You must work for want you want and it is never to late to start.

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Aug 30
Isabel O (Aug 30 2021 2:12PM) : Success more

Success cannot always come easy. Without action, things would never get done. Being successful comes with responsibilities, like putting in the work. Working towards anything will make you better. For something to feel rewarding, the work must come first.

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Sep 2
Grant M (Sep 02 2021 10:01PM) : Agree more

I agree success will not come without hard work even if it looks lucky from the outside, there is always hard work done in the shadows.

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Sep 22
cristin t (Sep 22 2021 1:35PM) : Success more

That’s related to me because success is having achieved popularity, and I still today care for my education and moving forward.

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Sep 28
Keily M (Sep 28 2021 1:18PM) : I agree more

I agree and I think we can all agree how we make these mistakes our whole life but succeed by never quitting and keep going.

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Jan 28
Rachel B (Jan 28 2021 2:01PM) : Success and Action more

We can’t even begin to move towards what we desire without putting some work in. Our actions are driven by our want to succeed.

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Aug 30
Zachary Z (Aug 30 2021 1:51PM) : Reply more

This goes by with what I said earlier. No way you can be successful if you do not put in the work and stay committed to what you are doing.

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Aug 30
Ava R (Aug 30 2021 2:10PM) : Never quit more

In this line we see how successful people keep moving even after mistakes they never quit. In the Ted Talk by Diana Nyad she explains that even though the journey of swimming from Cuba to Florida had never been done she found a way and did it, after it taking 4 tries.

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Jul 19
mirseda K (Jul 19 2021 4:42PM) : We learn from our mistakes and those experiences make us stronger to keep going. [Edited] more

During all of the years, I have achieved things but also I have fallen. I was blamed for not being able to do that or this, but I talked to myself that mistakes and experiences teach us how to do things next time the appropriate method. Mistakes make us face our fears. I never thought I was able to handle alone my life in another country far away from my family. I moved to the USA alone when I was 25 and through my hard work, mistakes, during my moments of crying and laughing I was able to succeed and to achieve my goal.

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Aug 30
Reese G (Aug 30 2021 11:17AM) : Persistent more

If people “keep moving,” and are persistent with their actions, they can accomplish success.

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Aug 30
Grace C (Aug 30 2021 12:13PM) : real life use more

I actually used this HOM on my finite test this morning. There was one problem in particular that I kept getting stuck on, but instead of giving up I tried every possible equation I could think of to solve the problem until I got it.

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Sep 10
Emily W (Sep 10 2021 9:49PM) : persistence more

A lot of people, myself included, struggle with persistence and trying to keep going when met with struggles and mistakes. With persistence, one will eventually find success.

Conrad Hilton
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Ethan N (Aug 30 2021 11:31AM) : Conrad Hilton more

Conrad Hilton was an American entrepreneur and politician. Hilton was the founder of Hilton hotels, as very well known hotel chain. He also served in the U.S. House of Representatives.

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Efficacious people stick to a task until it is completed. They don't give up easily. They are able to analyze a problem, and they develop a system, structure, or strategy to attack it. They have a repertoire of alternative strategies for problem solving, and they employ a whole range of these strategies. They collect evidence to indicate their problem-solving strategy is working, and if one strategy doesn't work, they know how to back up and try another. They recognize when a theory or an idea must be rejected and another employed. They have systematic methods for analyzing a problem, which include knowing how to begin, what steps must be performed, what data must be generated or collected, and what resources are available to assist. Because they are able to sustain a problem-solving process over time, they are comfortable with ambiguous situations.

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Jul 20
Aniya M (Jul 20 2021 10:25PM) : When I was a younger student, I didn't feel like there were a lot of problem-strategies taught to us. We either understood the sole strategy taught or were stuck in oblivion.
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Jul 22
Jen R (Jul 22 2021 1:46PM) : I think it can be equally important to know when to abandon a task or project. Persisting in a fruitless task is not valuable. Sometimes you might find you are more useful elsewhere, or someone else can do the task better.
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Jul 27
Jen R (Jul 27 2021 9:48PM) : I remembered this when I read quotes from Simone Biles about why she stepped back from competing at the Olympics to protect her mental health. I think it's a great example of also modeling when to NOT persist. Link in full comment. more

I think it’s really important that high-profile athletes are modeling what it looks like to know one’s own limits and how to advocate for their own physical and mental health. The price for when people don’t feel like they can do that is often too high. As educators, I think we also have a responsibility to help our students develop this ability – and to support them in those choices.

“I was like: I think the girls need to do the rest of the competition without me. They were like ‘I promise you’ll be fine, we watched you warm-up’. But I said ‘no, I know I am going to be fine but I can’t risk a medal for the team and I need to call it…

You usually don’t hear me say things like that because I usually persevere and push through things, but not to cost the team a medal. So they were like: OK, if Simone says this, we need to take it pretty serious. I had the correct people around me to do that."

https://www.cnn.com/2021/07/27/sport/simone-biles-tokyo-2020-olympics/index.html

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Sep 22
cristin t (Sep 22 2021 1:38PM) : I can related to this as a student I wanted to drop off from school but then I was like no I am going to keep on and get my education and career maybe be famous some day so what I done in my life.
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Jan 27
Paul H (Jan 27 2021 7:01PM) : A Word more

Not for nothing, but I love this word, “efficacious.”

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Aug 30
Emily M (Aug 30 2021 12:05PM) : Persistence more

I think this habit is important because people will often procrastinate or even not fully complete a task. Persistence is an important habit because it allows us to have complete work as well as displaying our best work and knowledge. It is important to stick to a task until it is completed.

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Aug 30
Abigail M (Aug 30 2021 12:16PM) : Staying on top [Edited] more

Staying on top of things is an important habit to have. Procrastination is a word that everybody knows because everyone has done it at some point in their life. Being an efficacious person will make life ten times easier, not giving up until your task is completed

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Aug 30
Jordyn H (Aug 30 2021 1:20PM) : Persistence and Work Ethic more

Being persistent and having a good work ethic kind of go hand in hand for me. If you’re persistent and can finish a task that you are assigned in the time that it needs to be finished, you also have a good work ethic. You worked hard and tirelessly to finish that task at hand.

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Aug 30
Ava R (Aug 30 2021 2:15PM) : Work Ethic more

When reading this Habit of Mind it made me think of how I am. When ever something is thrown my way I have to complete it then and there. Not only do I do that but it has to be perfect in my eyes. It has helped me develop a system of working.

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Sep 28
Keily M (Sep 28 2021 1:20PM) : This can be a habit for some people and they are Efficacious people, and that's why they succeed in life.
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Emma H (Jan 28 2021 11:52AM) : Persisting more

I find that being persistent has always been on of my key attributes. Whether it is in school, sports, or extracurricular activities I have always been describes as persistent. Being a gymnast at a young age taught me to not give up when things get tough. To push through and persevere was the best way to accomplish your goals.

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Aug 30
Jesse B (Aug 30 2021 11:54AM) : Is this healthy? more

I would like to preface my next statement with the fact that I support and commend hard workers who try their best on every single task they are assigned. This is something that is very difficult. However, in the context of this sentence, and the paragraph as a whole, I do not believe this to be a healthy standard. The ability to be persistant is an admirable trait, but is also an all too easy way to suffer burnout in strong waves of crippling self doubt and perfectionist lines of thinking. Always be mindful of your emotional and mental state before starting on any task. Breaks can make those assignments blossom a hundred times easier than just bum rushing through it.

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Aug 30
Meredith V (Aug 30 2021 11:18PM) : What does this mean? more

What mental connections are made to have these things align?

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Aug 5
Laura D (Aug 05 2021 5:13PM) : "They are able to analyze a problem, and they develop a system, structure, or strategy to attack it." more

This sentence will stay with me forever. When I have the opportunity to teaching in a classroom, I would love to take this sentence as a part of the classroom. I believe this sentence is very meaningful, and as a future educator, I will teach the students that if they feel stuck completing a task, they need to analyze and look for other strategies to see if work but they should never give up.

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Mar 18
Marina L (Mar 18 2022 4:39PM) : Persistance, Qualities more

I agree with you Laura. The way that this sentence is crafted is direct and impactful. It labels what it means to persevere and identifies the actionable steps that are essential characteristics of individuals who persevere. It definitely is a sentence worth sharing with students!

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Aug 5
Cleyber P (Aug 05 2021 2:36PM) : I'm glad people don't give easily and try new different strategy and if that strategy doesn't work they just get back up and try another one and repeat the process again and again until they succeed or achieve that goal..
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Aug 30
Addyson D (Aug 30 2021 2:07PM) : Coming from someone who is an efficacious person,knowing how to start and what steps to take is imperative. It is important to have an outline before starting anything.
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Sep 22
Cristy I (Sep 22 2021 1:39PM) : i dont consider myself such a persisting person yet because this only apply to certain subjects in my life. more

i believe sometimes its easier to not give up on a goal when you have a bigger purpose or motivation . recognizing when its worth trying to accomplish or solve something in life its also very important when its about being persisting as well

Students often give up when they don't immediately know the answer to a problem. They sometimes crumple their papers and throw them away, exclaiming "I can't do this!" or "It's too hard!" Sometimes they write down any answer to get the task over with as quickly as possible. Some of these students have attention deficits. They have difficulty staying focused for any length of time; they are easily distracted, or they lack the ability to analyze a problem and develop a system, structure, or strategy of attack. They may give up because they have a limited repertoire of problem-solving strategies, and thus they have few alternatives if their first strategy doesn't work.

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Jan 28
Hanna O (Jan 28 2021 10:35AM) : Persisting more

I find this paragraph ture about myself. I often will sometimes “give up” or “get distracted” when I can not find a solution to the homework or if I do not understand the homework. Instead of trying to find help or find ways to get the help, such as asking a classmate or a teacher to elaborate on the homework I instead find myself pushing the homework to the side and coming back to it later. I would not necessarily say I have an attention deficit, I just sometimes put something aisde if I does not seem “easy” on the surface. One of my goals for 2021 is to take a dive and challenge myself, whether it is doing the hardest homework first or challeging myself at the gym.

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Nov 16
Dewry C (Nov 16 2021 1:27PM) : giving up more
Too many students are missing out on this feeling of accomplishment. They lack the drive. Often times I think about the end to motivate myself in the beginning.

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Feb 17
Kassidy R (Feb 17 2021 12:40AM) : Giving up more

I see this too often and I personally have urges sometimes t give up on a problem that takes too much effort to solve. I know many times in Calculus class I have to redo a problem 10 times before I am able to get it right on my own. I know that I could just look in the back of the book and write down an answer but the relief of finally getting it is such a perfect feeling. Too many students are missing out on this feeling of accomplishment. They lack the drive. Often times I think about the end to motivate myself in the beginning. Just thinking about how great it will feel to exercise my mind and feel success is enough to give me a little push.

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Jul 19
Oluwatoyin I (Jul 19 2021 4:59PM) : hard more

I definitely see this a lot personally I always get stuck trying to start tasks however when I get to it I end up enjoying the activity. Habits are difficult to break however taking on tasks as time goes by it gets easier. I put the goal in mind to give myself a jumpstart.

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Jul 21
Khurram A (Jul 21 2021 2:16PM) : I have given up on problems in math so many times, looking them up online or checking the back of the textbook. I realize now it is not about feeling you have to get the answer but approaching towards it. more

As teachers we should give students the tools to explore rather than make them feel there is no in-between correct and incorrect.

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Aug 30
Jesse B (Aug 30 2021 12:04PM) : Reflection more

Come up with a rebuttal for this

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Sep 22
Yeiro B (Sep 22 2021 1:36PM) : I THINK SOME STUDENTS give up because maybe they never studied and believe that they fail so they immediately give up for no reson
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Sep 28
Keily M (Sep 28 2021 1:21PM) : I can related to this because sometimes I do this, I get frustrated and give up easily.
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Mar 18
Lexxis I (Mar 18 2022 4:35PM) : Students may also not see purpose in the questions they are asked to solve which causes them to have a lack of determination or become less persistent to find ways they can solve the problem
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Jul 31
mirseda K (Jul 31 2021 10:34AM) : We need to find the force to fight ourselves when we say " I can't do it". more

I read this sentence and I can see myself doing the same thing couple of years ago. changing my carrier from being a lawyer was not an easy decision. When I started taking a science course, sometimes I felt exhausted and I want it to drop the course. it was not an easy process to talk to myself and find a solution, I saw that are many different ways to solve this problem, and asking for help is a way that I do not feel uncomfortable anymore. I start to build plan B or C, in case my plan A does not work. I was not seeing that as a failure but as a way to persist in my success.

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Aug 30
Ethan N (Aug 30 2021 11:33AM) : Personal Experience more

I have done things like this several times in my life, especially with my math classes, as I would lose patience very quickly.

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Jul 24
Maritza M (Jul 24 2021 11:49PM) : More support for students more

I can relate to this sentence because this happens with my 14 year old son. During parent teacher conference, his teachers always speak highly about his participation in class but that he falls behind when it comes to completing assignments in class. To them it seems that he is always in a rush to complete an assignment when he has trouble understanding what it is asking. I believe that there are students who need extra support from teachers. Assignments should be broken down for them and teachers should encourage students to ask questions when they don’t understand something.

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Sep 3
Brianna B (Sep 03 2021 12:15PM) : Writing down any answer more

I believe as students, we have all experienced some form of writing down any answer to get an assignment done. Whether it may be writing down a condensed, sloppy answer, to a completely incorrect one, sometimes we can be so exhausted or tired we just do it to get the assignment done.

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Jul 22
Jen R (Jul 22 2021 1:51PM) : This is an example, in my opinion, of ableism. Variable attention can be a deficit, but it can also be an attribute. more

People with ADHD are often given tips and tricks for how to better focus their attention. They are trained to work against rather than with their brain’s natural way of functioning. While I generally agree that people with ADHD can benefit from learning how to focus their attention and manage their time, I think many also cause themselves unnecessary pain trying to work against their natural inclinations. People with ADHD are better described as having “variable attention” and can be astonishingly focused (“hyperfocused”) on tasks that engage and interest them. Instead of always trying to better focus on externally mandated tasks, we can also give people with ADHD the opportunity and means to engage with tasks that are meaningful to them. We can help them to leverage their ability to hyper-focus and to think creatively. But this requires starting from a standpoint of seeing ADHD as a divergent way of thinking and processing (with attendant strengths and challenges) rather than simply as a deficit.

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Jan 28
Sarah T (Jan 28 2021 8:21AM) : Failure Anxiety more

While I do agree with this, I believe they fail to mention the students who’s anxiety holds them back sometimes. It’s never “This is too hard, I can’t do it,” but more of “I feel like this isn’t good enough,” so they’ll do everything they can do avoid that feeling all together. Unfortunately, that sometimes results in no answer at all. Ultimately, I think educators should recognize that not all students lack skill, but simply fear what skills they have are not enough.

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Jan 28
Karisten B (Jan 28 2021 11:38AM) : Never good ENOUGH more

I agree. One piece this section fails to mention is the outcome that maybe it is not that students choose not to work but rather feel as if the work they do is not enough to secure the grade they would like. Just about everything we do is to keep ourselves from drowning, to get ourselves to the next assignment. Sometimes, the only answer we can come up with is none at all.

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Jul 22
Jen R (Jul 22 2021 1:59PM) : I really appreciate your comment Sarah! more

I think this lacks empathy and imagination for the many reasons a student might struggle to persist. I also think we should consider what we can do as educators to create conducive environments rather than simply looking to change the mindsets of students.

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Sep 28
Yeury N (Sep 28 2021 12:47PM) : yes this is me. I cant stay focused for a long period of time. I can do the work for little bit but then I get distracted very easy.
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Jul 19
Mary Anne H (Jul 19 2021 4:41PM) : They may also have a fixed mindset. They may not have been introduced to the growth mindset and think that if it's too hard then they're just not capable. They may give up as a default.
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Aug 4
Cleyber P (Aug 04 2021 6:53PM) : I been seeing a lot people giving up because of these reasons and they did give a lot stress, and limit the person and strategy's..
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Sep 1
Sydney S (Sep 01 2021 9:36AM) : Not enough strategies more

I think persisting is an important way to deal with problems. When you’re facing a problem, you need to try to find ways to solve it. Coming up with a plan and strategies to help you is a vital life skill.

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Sep 23
Cristy I (Sep 23 2021 12:50PM) : its all about how much interest you have on the subject. more

in my personal opinion this was me with math instead of trying to learn i was always choose to leave alone or give it up to somebody, eventually i understood and caught interest and even doe its still hard i try to find my ways around the problems .

Managing Impulsivity

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Aug 30
Austin D (Aug 30 2021 12:56PM) : Managing Impulsivity more

Impulsivity can lead to many negatives when attempting to focus on the task at hand. Technology plays a major part in this problem. When we hear notifications from our personal devices we impulsively and instinctively look to see if someone has responded to us or messaged us first. So if try to manage this impulse, only then can we learn and tackle the challenge at hand.

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Sep 29
cristin t (Sep 29 2021 1:05PM) : "Managing Impulsivity" more

Identify the behavior to change

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Oct 22
Harriet F (Oct 22 2021 6:34PM) : How about this Ted Talk more

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Goal-directed, self-imposed delay of gratification is perhaps the essence of emotional self-regulation: the ability to deny impulse in the service of a goal, whether it be building a business, solving an algebraic equation, or pursuing the Stanley Cup.
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Daniel Goleman
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Aug 30
Ethan N (Aug 30 2021 11:34AM) : Daniel Goleman more

Daniel Goleman is an American author who wrote for the New York Times for over a decade. Goleman’s stories mainly focused on the brain and behavioral sciences.

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Effective problem solvers are deliberate: they think before they act. They intentionally establish a vision of a product, an action plan, a goal, or a destination before they begin. They strive to clarify and understand directions, they develop a strategy for approaching a problem, and they withhold immediate value judgments about an idea before they fully understand it. Reflective individuals consider alternatives and consequences of several possible directions before they take action. They decrease their need for trial and error by gathering information, taking time to reflect on an answer before giving it, making sure they understand directions, and listening to alternative points of view.

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Jan 28
Jessica O (Jan 28 2021 12:27PM) : Thinking before acting more

I feel like, as teenagers, this may be what we struggle with the most. Most of us don’t think twice about what we say or how it could hurt someones feeling. I myself have been working on that along with a load of other things for months and am very proud of how far I have come and the work I’ve done

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Jan 28
Rachel B (Jan 28 2021 1:58PM) : . more

Jessie, I agree. Teenagers have a habit of not understanding that people feel differently than them. The world is so small at this age, it’s hard to imagine people have different thoughts and triggers etc.

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Jul 20
Aniya M (Jul 20 2021 10:28PM) : Sometimes, I feel like I take really long in this stage and think about all the possible what ifs' before taking the next steps. I think that is an area that I can loosen up on a tiny bit.
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Aug 30
Abigail M (Aug 30 2021 12:21PM) : Aniya, I agree. I too do the same with spending too much time wondering what the what if's and the outcomes may be instead of just doing it and be surprised of what happens
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Sep 23
cristin t (Sep 23 2021 1:05PM) : Think before they act more

This can related to all of us teenagers some of us don’t think about it before doing it cause children are adults (in their 20s) their brains are not fully developed.

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(Mar 18 2022 4:38PM) : Wow, this list of what it means to be "deliberate" is exhausting! Let's see what I have to do: more

1. have a vision
2. a plan
3. a goal … before I begin? I fear that I would never get anything done if I had all of that before I took action.
4. get clear on directions
5. consider different paths
6. gather info to avoid trial and error.
Wow… wow… this feels like a lot to work on. I’m curious to know how taking action and getting ready to take action mix in this habit.

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Jan 28
TJ B (Jan 28 2021 8:33AM) : Managing Impulsivity more

This habit is the one that I struggle with the most. While learning virtually I can have many impulses that can prohibit my education such as wanting to sleep in more or to go get coffee. At times, these impulses can have consequences to my learning. As the habit explains, I need to think about and access the consequences of an action before acting on it.

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Aug 30
Jordyn H (Aug 30 2021 1:24PM) : "they think before they act" more

This is something I have been told since I was a child. I am a very impulsive person. I can think of plans on the spot and have people and times within the hour. But that can also be a bad thing in some situations. Sometimes I say things without thinking about what I’m about to say and sometimes I do things and realize later that it may not have been the smartest idea. Learning to think before you act can be beneficial to everybody and can even save some relationships or friendships.

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Aug 30
Joseph L (Aug 30 2021 2:07PM) : Thinking before you act more

This sentence is very good at explaining problem solvers as many people make decisions before they really take the time to think about the consequences so it is always good to think before you act.

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Sep 28
Yeiro B (Sep 28 2021 12:54PM) : "they think before they act" more

Thinking before acting is something intelligent because it may be that you can get out of a problem and win a game or fight if you can think I think that persisting before acting is very intelligent in its own way

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Mar 18
Yudelka A (Mar 18 2022 4:38PM) : Being impulsive can be seen as an active problem solver. more

Being impulsive can be seen as an active problem solver. Being impulsive can mean you are aware of what needs to be done or improved around you, with the right guidance and structure this can be a positive thing.

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Aug 30
Kali M (Aug 30 2021 2:48PM) : "Vision of product, an action plan, a goal...a destination..." more

Impulsivity is a trait which comes from some people who may not be aware of the Habits of Mind. Thinking before acting is very crucial. For example if one is having a conversation, it is important to review the tone and message you want to send across before doing it. For if one impulsively says something it may portray to the wrong audience and be taken in an unintended way. As humans, with sensitive feelings, we should have an action plan or a goal before almost and activity whether that is a conversation, action, etc.

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Sep 28
Cristy I (Sep 28 2021 12:48PM) : writing it down help keep track and focus to examine better the results on anything more

My main step to accomplishing a goal its writing it down and giving myself a period of time to solve it after that i develop a strategy on how to accomplish my goal.

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Sep 28
Yeury N (Sep 28 2021 12:56PM) : sometimes when I get an answer for question and I'm not really sure if that the answer I go back and gather for information and make sure that's the right answer.
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Aug 30
Kali M (Aug 30 2021 2:57PM) : Reaching for Opportunity of Understanding more

In a high school classroom there are many situations where a direction or strategy is given through coursework. For example in my math class experiences, I have found that the more impulsive people are quick to give up when given a hard equation. However, the more effective people who are aware of the Habits of Mind take more time to understand the directions and find a way to figure out the problem. I feel as though this taps into being impulsive for if one is not willing to instantly understand and have their “gratification” then how will they make any other valuable decisions in life. Sometimes it takes a little longer to figure something out. This is okay, for it will only benefit us an give us more understanding of issues.

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Aug 30
Emily M (Aug 30 2021 11:27AM) : managing impulsivity and understanding a situation more

Understanding all aspects of a situation is important when evaluating what the best course of action should be. There is a lot less room for error when one takes each possible outcome into consideration. Looking at all alternatives can allow for a person to make the “right” decision.

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Sep 23
Cristy I (Sep 23 2021 12:55PM) : Its always best to think before you act , think of cause and effect of every situation you facing. more

Impulse its an emotion to me that we reflect the wrong way at times by just letting things out. for example i fought a person at work because i was holding in a lot of anger towards them and ended up getting fired . wrong move lead by impulsivity

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Often, students blurt out the first answer that comes to mind. Sometimes they shout an answer, start to work without fully understanding the directions, lack an organized plan or strategy for approaching a problem, or make immediate value judgments about an idea (criticizing or praising it) before they fully understand it. They may take the first suggestion given or operate on the first idea that comes to mind rather than consider alternatives and the consequences of several possible directions. Research demonstrates, however, that less impulsive, self-disciplined students are more successful. For example, Duckworth and Seligman (2005) found

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Jan 28
Jon H (Jan 28 2021 11:53AM) : Jumping the gun [Edited] more

This sort of progression we have looked into more and more over the past few weeks. We read about the perception that the ideal thinker is one that already knew what to do, did not have to think further, and has already begun acting to solve the problem. We learned that it has not always been this way, but more recently in our culture the man chosen for a job first is the one who does not need to think about it. We have morphed thinking first and acting later into a sign of weakness. If you don’t move fast, you will eat the dust of your fellow man. Clearly, this mentality that is still pushed not only inhibits success, but even more importantly, it inhibits creativity.

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Oct 22
Justin K (Oct 22 2021 6:30PM) : It has a name! more

For years, I always wondered why certain students would blurt out whatever came to their mind when a question was asked. Even when a question wasn’t asked, something would come out and almost always it was annoying. Through out the years, I have learned to exercise patience when I come across this, but never knew it was an actual habit of the mind. Reading this has made me more alert and I will come up with ways to help manage this if/when I come across it.

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(Oct 22 2021 6:34PM) : It's interesting to think about how we all have to LEARN to MANAGE impulsivity... and it can be learned.
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Jul 21
Khurram A (Jul 21 2021 2:39PM) : I think a balance needs to be found between allowing students to allow their enthusiasm to show with their "blurted out" answers as well as with helping them understand why it is important to take in different perspectives.
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Sep 23
Cristy I (Sep 23 2021 1:00PM) : reminding yourself " think about the consequences " can help you be a less impulsive person . more

I’m a very impulsive person and do a lot of things on the regular without analyzing, i agree with this statement that less impulsive people are definitely more successful

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Highly self-disciplined adolescents outperformed their more impulsive peers on every academic performance variable, including report-card grades, standardized achievement test scores, admission to a competitive high school and attendance. Self-discipline measured in the fall predicted more variance in each of these outcomes than did IQ, and unlike IQ, self-discipline predicted gains in academic performance over the school year. (p. 940)
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Aug 30
Kali M (Aug 30 2021 2:53PM) : Self-discipline more

Self-discipline roots from impulsivity. A person who is impulsive, says impulsive remarks, or performs action impulsively, has a low self-discipline most of the time. There is a difference between a person who lives life on the edge vs. someone who is impulsive. I like to say I am someone who lives life on the edge. However, that does not mean I am not making smart decisions as I am still very aware of my grades, work, priorities, but also still trying to find a sense of adventure and creating a fun life. It is fully convincing that those who are impulsive have a lower IQ or grades that suffer. Self-discipline is important and one should always think of their actions before making a decision.

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Aug 30
Sarah E (Aug 30 2021 11:35AM) : It is more likely for a highly self- disciplined student to do better than a student who is very impulsive. Self- disciplined students are determined and have short and long-term goals set in place for achievements that help them thrive along the way.
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Listening with Understanding and Empathy

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Sep 3
Lauren T (Sep 03 2021 9:24AM) : Empathetic & Understanding more

If one were to analyze my character, they would find that I am a very empathetic and understanding person, which is where Listening with Understanding and Empathy works in my world. One thing I excel at is paying attention to one’s thoughts, feelings, and ideas. I constantly put myself in the shoe’s of those around me, and use my personal experience to connect with them. A key factor in having a strong relationship with those you care about, is the ability to empathize with them when they face trials and tribulations. This is why Listening with Understanding and Empathy makes the list of top three Habits of Mind that are most involved in my life.

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Sep 29
cristin t (Sep 29 2021 1:02PM) : "Listening with Understanding and Empathy" [Edited] more

When you’re in a situation where someone is speaking to you in confidence, consider using these phrases to show them you’re listening empathically: For Example Thank you for sharing this with me.

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Aug 30
Austin D (Aug 30 2021 12:58PM) : Empathy more

Every human being is born with a sense of empathy, unless you are mentally ill. It is undoubtedly important to understand others problems and feel a sense of empathy when your friends or family are met with challenges.

Listening is the beginning of understanding. … Wisdom is the reward for a lifetime of listening. Let the wise listen and add to their learning and let the discerning get guidance.
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Jan 28
Maddy C (Jan 28 2021 10:57AM) : Wisdom is the reward [Edited] more

On one of the previous Now Comment articles, I commented something similar to this sentence. I said that if I talked to every one in the world, I am quite certain I would be the smartest person in the world. When you actually pay attention to what people are saying, you are not only giving them respect, you are learning from them! My grandpa always has insightful things to say, and I always learn something when I talk to him. Everyone you know knows at least one thing that you don’t. It is only when you truly listen to them that you learn it.

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Jul 19
Mary Anne H (Jul 19 2021 4:47PM) : I agree 100%. When we listen to other points of view, we LEARN. Even if we don't agree, seeing an issue from someone else's perspective is a learning experience.